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Chemical Reaction Engineering Asynchronous Video Series

Chemical Reaction Engineering Asynchronous Video Series

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Chemical Reaction Engineering Asynchronous Video Series

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  1. Chemical Reaction EngineeringAsynchronous Video Series Chapter 4, Part 5: Selectivity Semibatch Reactors H. Scott Fogler, Ph.D.

  2. Selectivity and Yield InstantaneousOverall Selectivity:

  3. Selectivity and Yield InstantaneousOverall Selectivity: Yield:

  4. Selectivity and Yield InstantaneousOverall Selectivity: Yield: Example: desired product , undesired product ,

  5. Selectivity and Yield InstantaneousOverall Selectivity: Yield: Example: desired product , undesired product , To keep the selectivity of the desired products high with respect to the undesired products carry out the reaction at high concentrations of A and low concentrations of B. If the reactor is liquid phase, a high selectivity can easily be achieved using a semibatch reactor in which B is few slowly to A.

  6. Semibatch Reactors Semibatch reactors can be very effective in maximizing selectivity in liquid phase reactions. The reactant that starts in the reactor is always the limiting reactant.

  7. Semibatch Reactors Semibatch reactors can be very effective in maximizing selectivity in liquid phase reactions. The reactant that starts in the reactor is always the limiting reactant. Three Forms of the Mole Balance Applied to Semibatch Reactors: • Molar Basis:

  8. Semibatch Reactors Semibatch reactors can be very effective in maximizing selectivity in liquid phase reactions. The reactant that starts in the reactor is always the limiting reactant. Three Forms of the Mole Balance Applied to Semibatch Reactors: • Molar Basis: • Concentration Basis:

  9. Semibatch Reactors Semibatch reactors can be very effective in maximizing selectivity in liquid phase reactions. The reactant that starts in the reactor is always the limiting reactant. Three Forms of the Mole Balance Applied to Semibatch Reactors: • Molar Basis: • Concentration Basis: • Conversion:

  10. Semibatch Reactors Semibatch reactors can be very effective in maximizing selectivity in liquid phase reactions. The reactant that starts in the reactor is always the limiting reactant. Three Forms of the Mole Balance Applied to Semibatch Reactors: • Molar Basis: • Concentration Basis: • Conversion: For constant molar feed: For constant density:

  11. Semibatch Reactors The combined mole balance, rate law, and stoichiometry may be written in terms of number of moles, conversion, and/or concentration:

  12. Semibatch Reactors The combined mole balance, rate law, and stoichiometry may be written in terms of number of moles, conversion, and/or concentration: ConversionConcentrationNumber of Moles

  13. Semibatch Reactors Polymath Equations: Conversion ConcentrationMoles d(X)/d(t) = -ra*V/Nao d(Ca)/d(t) = ra - (Ca*vo)/V d(Na)/d(t) = ra*V ra = -k*Ca*Cb d(Cb)/d(t) = rb + ((Cbo-Cb)*vo)/V d(Nb)/d(t) = rb*V + Fbo Ca = Nao*(1 - X)/V ra = -k*Ca*Cb ra = -k*Ca*Cb Cb = (Nbi + Fbo*t - Nao*X)/V rb = ra rb = ra V = Vo + vo*t V = Vo + vo*t V = Vo + vo*t Vo = 100 Vo = 100 Vo = 100 vo = 2 vo = 2 vo = 2 Nao = 100 Fbo = 5 Fbo = 5 Fbo = 5 Nao = 100 Ca = Na/V Nbi = 0 Cbo = Fbo/vo Cb = Nb/V k = 0.1 k = 0.01 k = 0.01 Na = Ca*V  X = (Nao-Na)/Nao

  14. Semibatch Reactors

  15. Semibatch Reactors At equilibrium, -rA=0, then

  16. Semibatch Reactors At equilibrium, -rA=0, then Xe X X t