Persepolis and Iranian History Background Knowledge to Help You Out!
Expansion of Islam IRAN
POLITICAL SPECTRUM DEMOCRATS REPUBLICANS LEFT WING RIGHT WING LIBERAL CONSERVATIVE RADICAL MODERATE RADICAL REVOLUTIONARY: Wants drastic change and believes it requires drastic action (revolution) REACTIONARY: Wants to go back to the way things were
POLITICAL SPECTRUM LEFT WING RIGHT WING LIBERAL CONSERVATIVE RADICAL MODERATE RADICAL REVOLUTIONARY: Wants drastic change and believes it requires drastic action (revolution) REACTIONARY: Wants to go back to the way things were
Reza Shah • Takes power in 1925 • Authoritarian government • Strict censorship • Propaganda
World War 2 • Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi comes to power • Reza Shah’s son • Power in Parliament • Hope to become a constitutional monarchy
Mohammad Mossadeq • Prime Ministerin Iranian Parliament • Nationalizes oil industry • Iran takes control of Iran’s oil! • Took it out of British hands • Taken out of power by a coup • Forcible takeover • Coup supported by the CIA • Shah back in power
Mohammad Reza Shah Returns • Wanted to Westernize Iran • What does this mean? • Liberal or conservative? • Maintained control by security forces • SAVAK • Many political prisoners taken
1979 Islamic Revolution • RuhollahKhomeini comes to power • Called Ayatollah • Title like “king” • Moves country toward Islamic state • Instituted Sharia law • Fundamentalist Muslim rule • Conservative or liberal?
Persepolis • The book takes place around this time period in Iranian history. • Autobiographical…author wrote about herself. • MarjaneSatrapi
Fundamentalism • Strict adherence to specific religious teachings or books. • Examples: • Inherit the Wind townspeople • Zionist Jews • Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, Sikh…
Sharia Law Examples • Women to wear “the veil” • Varieties in Muslim countries • Honor killing • The family is allowed to kill a family member who has dishonored or shamed the family. • Women killed by family because they were raped.
1979 American Hostage Crisis Nov 4, 1979 Iranian students held Americans hostage Held for 444 days until January 1981 Started calling the US “the Great Satan”
1980s Iran – Iraq War • IRAQ (Saddam Hussein) saw opportunity to take back some land from Iran. • Oil rich land, of course • Invaded Iran • Eventually used chemical weapons • Supported by…the United Stated • Weapons, money
Iran – Contra Affair • Ronald Reagan wanted to stop communism. • Communist threat in Nicaragua • The Contras were fighting against the communists • Contra = against! • Reagan wanted to help them.
So… • He secretly sold weapons to IRAN to raise money. • Give that money to the Contras. • Congress told him to stop. • He didn’t • Should have been impeached. • But…he was so grandfatherly. • Oliver North blamed • Now a FOX TV announcer!
1989 - Present • Reform efforts vs conservative Islamic clergy • 2005 - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad elected • Anti-Israel • Building up nuclear capabilities – Weaponry? Energy? • Currently – Ali Khamenei