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HIV Risk and Recent Sexual Behavior of Older Adults in Rural South Africa PowerPoint Presentation
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HIV Risk and Recent Sexual Behavior of Older Adults in Rural South Africa

HIV Risk and Recent Sexual Behavior of Older Adults in Rural South Africa

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HIV Risk and Recent Sexual Behavior of Older Adults in Rural South Africa

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  1. Jill Williams, Casey Blalock, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Nicole Angotti, Sam Clark, ChodziwadziwaKabudula, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Jane Menken, Stephen Tollman University of Colorado Boulder, USA University of the Witwatersrand, SA University of Washington, USA Utrecht University, Netherlands INDEPTH Network, Ghana Umea University, Sweden HIV Risk and Recent Sexual Behavior of Older Adults in Rural South Africa

  2. HIV and Non-Communicable Disease Prevalence and Risk Factor Survey • Random Sample 7,662 Adults 15+ • 284 oversample 50+ • Sexual Behavior Survey • 1,514 Adults 50+ • HIV test by finger prick • 1,430 Adults 50+ • HIV Prevalence 50+ • Female 16.1 • Male 17.7 • Both 16.5 STUDY SITE Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System (AHDSS)

  3. Sexual activity in last 2 years • 32% of women over 50 report having sex • 85% of women over 50 having sex report sex with a husband only • 76% of men over 50 report having sex • 80% of men having sex report sex with wife only

  4. HIV Positive Adults 50+ • 40% of women, 35% of men never tested prior • 50% of men, 75% of women are NOT on ART • 12% of men, 29% of women report condom use at last sex • 38% of HIV positive men report 2+ partners in the last 2 years • Risk for infecting others

  5. HIV Negative Adults 50+ • 1% of women and men knew last sexual partner’s HIV status • 4% of men and 1% of women used a condom at last sex • 20% of men’s last sexual partner was under 50 • 20% of women believe their last sexual partner was having sex with someone else • At risk for contracting HIV

  6. Conclusion • Older adults have high prevalence in rural South Africa • Older adults are at risk of acquiring HIV through sex • HIV education, testing, and treatment programs need to be designed for older adults