Ancient China Chapter 7
China Outline – use as study guide • Huang Ho River ValleyChapter 7 Outline p 220 – 251 • Section 1: China’s First Civilizations page 224 • Vocabulary: Huang He Chang Jiang Anyang Wu Wang • dynasty aristocrat pictograph ideograph • bureaucracy mandate Dao • China’s Geography: Rivers, mountains and deserts helped shape China’s civilization. • The Shang Dynasty: Rulers known as the Shang became powerful because they controlled land and had strong armies. • The Zhou Dynasty: Chinese rulers claimed that the Mandate of Heaven gave them the right to rule.
China Outline Continued: Section 2 • Section 2: Life in Ancient China page 232 • Vocabulary: Confucius Laozi Hanfeize social class • filial piety Confucianism Daoism Legalism • Life in Ancient China: Chinese society had 3 main social classes: landowning aristocrats, farmers, and merchants. • Chinese Thinkers: 3 Chinese philosophers, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, grew out of a need for order.
China Outline Continued: Section 3 Section 3: The Qin and Han Dynasties page 240 • Vocabulary: Guangzhou Silk Road Luoyang Qin Shihuangdi • Liu Bang Han Wudi acupuncture • Emperor Qin Shihuangdi: Qin Shihuangdi used harsh methods to unify and defend China. • The Han Dynasty: Developments during the Han dynasty improved life for all Chinese. • The Silk Road: The Silk Road carried Chinese goods as far as Greece and Rome. • Major Changes in China: Unrest in china helped Buddhism to spread. • Remember: quiz after each section on journals and vocabulary • Test at the end of our study of ancient China • Packet due after test on china for test grade • Comparison/Contrast Open Book Partner Test at end of 4RV unit
Monday, November 28 • Chapter 7.1 Vocab • 1. Huang He – second longest river in China; used to be known as the Yellow River • 2. Chang Jiang – river in China that is the 3rd longest river in the world; used to be called the Yangtze River • 3. Anyang – city in northern China that was the country’s 1st capital • 4. Wu Wang – led a rebellion against the Shang; began a new dynasty called the Zhou • 5. dynasty – line of rulers from the same family • 6. aristocrat – nobles whose wealth came from land ownership • 7. Pictograph – a character that stands for objects • 8. ideograph – character used for Chinese writing; a character that joins two or more pictographs to represent ideas • 9. bureaucracy – a group of appointed officials who are responsible for different areas of government • 10. mandate – formal order • 11. Dao – proper way Chinese kings were expected to rule under the Mandate of Heaven
J#23 How did the people of China move from nomads to settlers? 6.2 • Very little is known about how they settled • Probably stayed in the Huang He River Valley because of the rich soil and discovery of farming • They figured our how to farm and use the river year round for survival • As their population increased, they got organized and formed villages and towns
Geography Worksheet Map • Using 2 different colors, shade the two different river valleys on your map • Make a key for your map Questions • Use your textbook to answer the questions • Chapter 7.1
Add to map • Himalyas • Taklimakan Desert • Gobi Desert • Seas • Japan • Mongolia • Altun Mountains • Altay Mountains
J# 25 Who were the Shang? • 1st important dynasty of China • Carved messages to gods into animal bones – burned bones and thought gods sent them messages in the new cracks • Cruel and greedy • Disrespectful by dishonoring their power • 1600 BC to 1100 BC • Artistic • Started writing
J# 26 Who Were the Zhou? • <a href=""><img src="../medias/symbols/21608.png" alt="Chinese Symbols the kingdom in the Zhou Dynasty"/><img src="../medias/symbols/23460.png" alt="Chinese Symbols the kingdom in the Zhou Dynasty"/></a> • Warriors • Metal workers • Made swords • Started mandate of Heaven • Though earthquakes or floods meant gods wanted a change of leaders • Invented arrows so sharp and precise they penetrated rocks
J# 27 Who were the Qin? • Used Mr. Donn’s website • http://china.mrdonn.org/qin.html • notes on Qin • Main points: • terra cotta soldier’s guarded Qin’s tomb • lasted only 15 years • started the Great Wall • same law code for every one • Censorship • built roads, canals, and bridges
J# 28 Who were the Han? • Got information from Chapter 7 in the text book • 202 BC Liu Bang founded the Han Dynasty • Han Wudi was the best leader • Population explosion • New inventions (rudder, waterwheels, medical advances, improved sailing, steel, acupuncture) • Civil service exams • Trading became popular
Chinese Philosophies • Buddhism (page 205) • Confucianism ( page 238) • Legalism • Daoism In class we used the graphic organizer, chart and fact finding/ presenting