Psychotherapy:Behavior TherapyGroup Therapy Presented by: Amber Shutter, Deidre Miller, Karysa Caster
Psychotherapy • Therapy used to treat psychological disorders, that focus on changing faulty behaviors, thoughts, perceptions, and emotions that may be associated with mental health disorders. • Two common forms of therapy are: Behavior Therapy Group Therapy
Behavioral Therapy Behavior therapy has its roots in animal learning models of over a hundred years ago in the work of Pavlov and Thorndike. Classical Condition involves forming associations between stimuli using some techniques such as; flooding, systematic desensitization, aversion therapy Operant conditioning focuses on how reinforcement and punishment can be utilized to either increase or decrease the frequency of behavior such as, contingency management, modeling, extinction
Behavior TherapyNeed to know • Phobias, panic disorders, and OCD are some of the conditions this type of therapy is used to treat • Focuses on changing ineffective behavior patterns • Focuses on consequences of actions rather than peer pressure • Positive reinforcement is used to strengthen desired behaviors such as praising or giving a treat for a positive or desired behavior • Negative reinforcement is used to decrease and eliminate undesired behaviors such as ignoring negative behaviors or removing privileges or desired items for negative behavior
Group Therapy • 2 or more people working in a group with 1 or more therapists, to develop social interaction or share a common goal or outcome • Groups can be educational, supportive, or self help related • Groups can be open; meaning anyone can participate or closed; meaning only selected individuals may participate • Groups should have rules, a set structure and a set tone • Depression and Traumatic stress disorders are treated well with group therapy.
Group TherapyNeed to know Groups can help development of social interaction and socializing techniques They provide an opportunity to try new behaviors They help provide the feeling that they are part of something and not alone They allow for an opportunity for feedback from the group They prove alternate ways of dealing with of looking at problems
Evidence Based Practice • Family involvement and education is imperative for successful psychotherapy. • There are several ways to involve family members to get involved such as support groups and research websites such as NAMI.
References • Cherry, K. (2013) What is Behavioral Therapy. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/typesofpsychotherapy/a/behavioral-therapy.htm • Cherry K. (2013) What is Group Therapy. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychotherapy/f/group-therapy.htm?p=1 • Dixon,L., Mcfarlane, W. R., Lefley, H., lucksted, A., Cohen, Michael., Fallon, I.,…Sondheimer, D. (2001) Evidenced-Based Practices for Services To Families Of People With Psychiatrist Disabilities. Psychiatryonline, doi:101176/appi.ps.52.7.903 • Gilbert, P. Psychotherapies (2009) Psychotherapies, APT, 15, 199-208. doi10.1192/apt.bp.107.005264 • Hinds, M M PHD, RN, NCS, Hyland Judy R, MS, RN et al. (Eds) (2012) HESI Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN Examination, Edition 3. ( Pg322-325 ) New York: Elsevier