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Soul in Motion PowerPoint Presentation
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Soul in Motion

Soul in Motion

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Soul in Motion

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  1. Soul in Motion

  2. Jain Beliefs • Fundamental Beliefs • Every Soul is Individual, Independent, and Eternal • Soul and Karma exist from Eternity • Karma is attached to the Soul from Eternity • Karma is the root cause of all Sufferings • The Principles governing the successions of life cycles (Birth, Life, and Death) is Karma. • Our Intention behind our actions of body, mind, and speech continues to bind us with new Karma. • Ultimate goal of life is Liberation of all Karma • Two Types of Soul • Liberated Soul (Siddha) • Worldly Soul (Samsari)

  3. Liberated Soul • Free from all Karma • Known as Siddha or God • Possesses Infinite (Perfect) Knowledge, Vision, Power, Bliss • Has No Physical Body • Free from Cycle of Birth and Death • Free from Pain and Pleasure • Infinite number • Lives in Moksha

  4. Worldly (Samsari) Soul • Covered with Karma (Matter) • Wonders in a Cycle of Birth and Death • Doer of all Karma (Actions) • Recipient of Fruits of Karma • Feels Pain and Pleasure • Possesses Limited Knowledge, Vision, Power, Bliss • Possesses Physical Body (Matter) • Contraction and Expansion • Infinite Number • Capable of becoming Free/Liberated

  5. Karma • Karma is a matter (Pudgal) and hence it possesses all characteristics of matter • No consciousness / knowledge • Very fine particles • Can not be seen/feel/verified • Entire Universe is filled with Karma Particles

  6. Soul in Motion • Because of Karma - Soul migrates • from One body to another body • from One place to another place • Lowest State - Soul of Nigod or Kandmul (Root Vegetable) • Every Soul's Journey Begins from this State • Short lived Life • Continuously reborn in the same State for a long period • Millions of Souls share one physical body • Highest State - Liberated Soul • Final Destination of Soul • Remains for ever • No more Birth and Death cycle • Blissful state • Resides at the Top of Lokakas - Moksha

  7. Classification of Worldly Soul • According to Number of Senses • Touch, Taste, Smell, Sight, Hearing • One Sense - Ekendria • Plant as body - Vanaspatikaya • Earth as body - Prithvikaya • Water as body - Apakaya • Fire as body - Agnikaya • Air as body - Vayukaya

  8. Classification of Worldly Souls • Two senses - Beindriya • worms, leeches • Three senses - Treindriya • ants, lice • Four senses - Chaurendriya • flies, bees • Five senses - Panchendriya • animals, human, heavenly, hellish etc.

  9. Classification of Worldly Soul • Four Major Category • Plants, Birds, and Animals (Tiryanch) • Hell-creatures (Naraki) • Heavenly beings or gods (Deva) • Humans (Manushya) • Ability to Liberate from Karma • Where do they Live?

  10. Jain Universe Jain Universe Akas (Space) Lokakas Jiva and A-jiva Exist Height - 14 Rajlok A-lokakas Empty - Void Infinite

  11. Jain Universe • Total Height = 14 Rajlok • Upper world height = 7 Rajlok • Middle world height = 1800 Yojans • 900 Yojan up from surface • 900 Yojan down from surface • Width = 1 Rajlok • Lower world height = 7 Rajlok • Lokakas Volume = 343 Cubic Rajlok as per Digambar • Lokakas Volume = 239 Cubic Rajlok as per Swetambar

  12. Yojan and Rajlok Measurement • Yojan • 1 Danda or Bow = 6 feet • 2000 Danda or Bow = 1 Kosha • 4 Kosha = 1 Yojan (@ 9.0 miles) • another book gives different measurement • 1 Dhanu = 6 feet • 4000 Dhanu = 1 Yojan (@4.5 miles) • 1000 Yojans = 1 Mahayojan • Rajlok or Rajju • A distance traveled by a deva (heavenly being) in six months at a rate of 2,057,152 Yojan in one samay (Samay = smallest unit of time = @1/4 second) or • The distance traveled in six months by a ball of iron weighing 1,000 bhar (1000 tolas or 25 lb.) let fall freely from Indralok (heaven). • = @1.15 x 10E21 miles

  13. Universe (Lokakas) • Total Height = 14 Rajlok • Upper world height = 7 Rajlok • Middle world height = 1800 Yojans • 900 Yojan up from surface (center) • 900 Yojan down from surface (center) • Width = 1 Rajlok • Lower world height = 7 Rajlok • Lokakas Volume = 343 Cubic Rajlok (Digambar) • Lokakas Volume = 239 Cubic Rajlok (Swetambar)

  14. Universe (Lokakas) • Who Lives Where? (Residents) • Upper World • Liberated Souls (Moksha) • Vaimanik devas • 12 /16 Devaloks, 9 Graivek, 5 Anuttar devas • Middle World • Jyotishka devas (above 900 yojans) • Humans, Tiryanch (on surface) • Vyan vantar devas (below 900 yojans) • Lower World • Bhavanpati devas • Narakis

  15. Upper World • Height = 7 Rajlok or Rajju • Consist of • Moksha • 5 anuttaras, • 9 graiveks, • 12 or 16 devloks, • Liberated Souls - lives in Moksha • Vaimanik devas • Higher Vaimanik devas • Graiveks and Anuttara devas • Each deva is independent • Anuttara devas attain liberation either in next birth or third birth • Lower Vaimanik devas • organized like earthly kingdoms - • rulers (Indra), counselors, guards, followers, armies

  16. Middle World • Consist of 900 yojans above and 900 yojans below earth surface • Residents • Jyotishka devas (gods of light) - 790 to 900 yojans above earth • Human, Tiryanch (Animals, birds, etc......) on the surface • Vyan vantar devas - 100 yojan below earth • Jambudvip is in the Center of the Middle World • Surrounding Jambudvip, an innumerable series of concentric rings of alternate oceans and islands (dvip or continents) • World of Human (manushya_lok) consist of two and half continents • Jambudvip, Dhataki_khanda, and half of Puskara_dvip

  17. Middle World • Consist of 900 yojans above and 900 yojans below earth surface • Residents • Jyotishka devas (gods of light) - 790 to 900 yojans above earth • Human, Tiryanch (Animals, birds, etc......) on the surface • Vyan vantar devas - 100 yojan below earth • Jambudvip is in the Center of the Middle World • Surrounding Jambudvip, an innumerable series of concentric rings of alternate oceans and islands (dvip or continents) • World of Human (manushya_lok) consist of two and half continents • Jambudvip, • Dhataki_khanda, and • half of Puskara_dvip

  18. Jyotishka Devas • Distance from Earth surface • Stars (Tara) = 790 yojans • Sun (Surya) = 800 yojans • Moon (Chandra) = 880 yojans • Constellation (Nakshatra) = 884 yojans • Planets (Graha) • Mercury (Budha) = 888 yojans • Vinous (Shukra) = 891 yojans • Jupiter (Guru or Brahaspati) = 894 yojans • Marsh (Mangal) = 897 yojans • Saturn (Shani) = 900 yojans • Remaining planets = 888 to 900 yojans

  19. Mount Meru • Jyotishka Devas • Distance from Earth surface • Stars (Tara) = 790 yojans • Sun (Surya) = 800 yojans • Moon (Chandra) = 880 yojans • Constellation (Nakshatra)= 884 yojans • Planets (Graha) • Mercury (Budha) = 888 yojans • Vinous (Shukra) = 891 yojans • Jupiter (Guru) = 894 yojans • Marsh (Mangal) = 897 yojans • Saturn (Shani) = 900 yojans • Remaining planets= 888 to 900 yojans

  20. Mount Meru

  21. Number of Jyotishka Devas (Two and Half Continents) Location Moon Sun Planet Constellation Stars Jambu 2 2 176 56 133,950E14 Lavan 4 4 352 112 267,900E14 Dhataki 12 12 1056 336 803,700E14 Kalodadhi 42 42 3696 1176 2,812,950E14 Pushkar 72 72 6336 2096 4,822,200E14 Total 132 132 11696 3696 8,840,600E14 • Only stars are in 10 million X 10 million unit (10E14)

  22. Jambudvip • Center of the Middle World • Diameters 100,000 yojans • Mount Meru is at the center • Illuminated by two Moons and two Suns • Six mountains run from East to West, divide into seven huge continents • Each continent is watered by two great rivers

  23. Jambu-dvip • Center of the Middle World • Diameter 100,000 yojans • Mount Meru is at the center • Illuminated by two Moons and two Suns • Six mountains run from East to West, divide into seven huge continents • Each continent is watered by two great rivers

  24. Jambu-dvip • Seven Continents and Six Mountains • Airavata (North) • Rakta and Raktoda Rivers • Shikhari Mountain • Airanyavant • Rupyakula and Suvarnakula Rivers • Rukmi Mountain • Ramyak • Narkanta and Narikanta Rivers • Nil Mountain • Mahavideh (Middle) • Sitoda and Sita Rivers • Nishidh Mountain • Harivarsha • Harikanta and Harita Rivers • Mahahimvant Mountain • Himavant • Rohitasya and Rohita Rivers • Himvant Mountain • Bharata (South) • Sindhu and Ganga Rivers

  25. Karma and Akarma Bhumi • Karma_bhumi (Land of Action) • Three Continents • Bharata, Airavata, and Mahavideh • Tirthankars are born only in Karma_bhumi • Religion exist and Liberation is possible • Akarma_bhumi (Land of No Action) • Four Continents • Hemavat, Harivarsha, Ramyak, Hiranyavat • Two Sub_continents of Mahavideh • Devkuru and Uttarkuru • Congenital pairs (yugalins) live • Land is adorned with wish-granting trees (kalpa_vraksa) and magnificent ponds. • No Tirthankar is born • No Religion and hence no liberation

  26. Bharat-kshetra (Our World)

  27. Bharat_kshetra • Located in the Southern part of Jambudvip • Vaitadhya mountain runs from East to West in the middle (width 50 yojan) divides into two halves (North and South) • Two rivers (Ganga and Sindhu) run from North to South. They divide each North and South sections into three sub_continents • Mountain has two tunnels connecting North and South section • Chakravarti king rules all six sub_continents (only he can pass through the tunnels) • Vasudev king rules three sub_continents • Southern middle sub_continent is known as Arya_kshetra • Remaining five sub_continents are known as Anarya_kshetra (Malechchha) • Tirthankar is born only in Arya_kshetra

  28. Mahavedah_kshetra • Mount Meru is located at the center. It is buttressed by the two Vaksara mountain ranges which surround two countries known as Uttara_kuru and Deva_kuru. • Both Kurus are Akarma_bhumi and where congenital pairs (yugalins) live. • Two rivers (Sita and Sitoda) divides into four parts • Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, Southwest • Each part has 8 sub_continents - • Total 32 sub_continents known as 32 vijays • A Tirthankar may born in each vijay • At present four Tirthankaras exist as follows • Northeast (Ishan) - Simandhar_swami (8th vijay) • Southeast (Agni) - Yugamandhar_swami (9th vijay) • Southwest (Nairutya) - Bahu_swami (24th vijay) • Northwest (Vayavya) - Subahu_swami (25th vijay)

  29. Manushya_Lok (World of Humans) • Humans reside only in Two and Half dvips (continents) • Jambudvip • Dhataki_khanda • Half of Puskara_dvip • Dhataki_khanda is twice as large as Jambudvip. It has twice the number of mountains, rivers and continents of Jambudvip. • Puskara_dvip is twice as large as Dhataki_khanda but humans reside only in half of Puskar dvip. Hence it has also twice the number of mountains, rivers, and continents of Jambu_dvip.

  30. Manushya_Lok (World of Humans) cont.. • Hence Manushya_lok consist of: • Fifteen Karma_bhumi, • Five Bharat_kshetra, • Five Airavat_kshetra, • Five Mahavideh_kshetra (includes Five Mount Meru), • Thirty Akarma_bhumi. • Human population of Manushya_lok is 10E29 • Outside Manushya_lok • Animals, Birds, Trees, Plants, etc. exist • Liberation is attained only from Karma_bhumi of Manushya_lok

  31. Nandishwar-dvip 52 Eternal Temples

  32. Lower World • Residents • Narakis (Hellish) • Bhavanvasi devas • Naga_kumar, Asur_kumar, Padmavati • 7 infernal regions (Narakis) • 1st region = 1 Rajju wide • 7th region = 7 Rajju wide • Each infernal region is made up of • Clay, • Ice (solid water) • Solid air (ghan vayu) • Thin air (tan vayu) • Space (akas)

  33. Lower World continue.. • Suffering increases from 1st to 7th Hell (Narakis) • Burning heat • Intense cold • Nauseous smells • Unquenchable thirst • Insatiable hunger • Unavoidable torture from each other • Ill treatment from Asuras (upto 3 Narakis)