Fables and Allegories Introduction to Animal Farm Part II
The Ant and the Grasshopper In a field one summer's day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart's content. An Ant passed by, carrying along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest.
The Ant and the Grasshopper "Why not come and chat with me," said the Grasshopper, "instead of toiling and moiling in that way?" "I am helping to store up food for the winter," said the Ant, "and I recommend you to do the same."
The Ant and the Grasshopper “Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper. “We have got plenty of food at present.” But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.
The Ant and the Grasshopper When the winter came the Grasshopper found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing, every day, corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer.
The Ant and the Grasshopper Then the Grasshopper knew... It is best to prepare for the days of necessity.
A fable usually… • is very short • features nonhuman characters who have been personified to an extreme • such as animals, plants, inanimate objects, mythical creatures or forces of nature • ends with a short moral lesson
Aesop Probably the most well known writer of fables is Aesop, who lived in Ancient Greece. He wrote “The Ant and the Grasshopper ” and lots of other fables still popular today.
Quotations from Aesop • Don’t cry over spilt milk. • Don’t count your chickens before they’ve hatched. • Beware the wolf in sheep’s clothing. • Appearances are often deceiving. • Birds of a feather flock together. • Slow and steady wins the race.
Allegory An allegory is an artwork in which every part has at least twomeanings: • the literal meaning • and a symbolic meaning Many fables are also allegories.
The Ant and the Grasshopper:an Allegory, too! Literal MeaningSymbolic Meaning The Ant Corn The Grasshopper Summer Winter = Hardworking People = Work / Preparation = Short-sighted People = Opportunity Time = Hard Times
Modern Fables Two modern writers of fables are James Thurber, who wrote “The Tiger Who Understood People,” and George Orwell, who wrote Animal Farm.
Animal Farm Animal Farm is both a fable (with animals!) and an allegory (of the 1917 Russian Revolution).