Head and Neck - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Head and Neck
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Head and Neck

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  1. Head and Neck

  2. Oral Cavity • Teeth and supporting structures • Caries • Gingivitis • Periodontitis • Inflammatory/ reactive tumor-like lesions • Fibrous proliferative lesions – irritation fibroma, pyogenic granuloma, peripheral ossifying fibroma and giant cell granuloma • Aphthous ulcers (canker sores) • Glossitis – vitamin deficiencies, Plummer-Vinson (Paterson-Kelly) syndrome • Infections • Herpes simplex virus infections • Other viral infections • Oral candidiasis (thrush) • Deep fungal infections • Oral manifestations of systemic disease • Hairy leukoplakia, Table 16-1 • Tumor and precancerous lesions • Leukoplakia and erythroplakia • Squamous cell carcinoma – smoking, HPV • Odontogenic cysts and tumors

  3. Upper Airways • Nose • Inflammation • Infectious rhinitis – “common cold” • Allergic rhinitis • Nasal polyps • Chronic rhinitis • Sinusitis • Necrotizing lesions of the nose and upper airways • Acute fungal infections ( mucormycosis) • Wegener granulomatosis • Lymphoma of natural killer cells, EBV • Nasopharynx • Inflammation – paharyngitis, tonsillitis • Tumors of the nose, sinus, and nasopharynx • Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma • Sinonasal Papilloma • Olfactory neuroblastoma • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma = EBV • Larynx • Inflammation • Reactive nodules (vocal cord nodules and polyps) • Squamous papillomas and papillomatosis • Carcinoma of the larynx

  4. Ears • Inflammatory lesions • Acute or chronic otitis media • Cholesteatomas • Otosclerosis • Tumors

  5. Neck • Branchial Cyst (Cervical lymphoepithelial cyst) • Thyroglossal duct cyst • Paraganglioma (carotid body tumor)

  6. Salivary Glands • Xerostomia • Inflammation (sialadenitis) • Mucocele, ranula • Mumps • Sjogrensyndorme • Sialolithiasis • Neoplasms • Pleomorphic adenoma • Warthin tumor (papillary cystadenomalymphomatosum) • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma • Other salivary gland tumors • Adenoid cystic carcinoma • Aciniccell tumor