Capital Market • Institutional arrangement for lending and borrowing of long term funds. • Consists of series of channels through which the savings of the community are made available for industrial and commercial enterprises and public authorities.
Functions • Mobilization of financial resources on a nation wide scale. • Leads to economic growth at a faster rate. • Directs the flow of savings into most profitable channels
Primary Market Or New Issue Market • Primary market is a market for raising long term sources of finance. • New securities that have never been previously issued are offered. • Both the new and existing companies can raise capital from this market. • Facilitate the transfer of funds from willing investors to entrepreneurs setting up new companies or going in for expansion, growth or modernization.
1. Equity Shares • Equity shareholders are the real owners of the company. • Have a control over the working of the company. • Paid dividend after paying it to preference shareholders. • Rate of dividend depend upon the profits of the company. • No dividend in case of no profits. • Cannot be redeemed during the lifetime of the company.
2. Preference Shares • These shares have certain preferences as compared to other types of shares. • Fixed rate of dividend is paid on preference share capital.
3. No Par Stock • Shares having no face value • Capital of the company issuing such shares is divided into a number of specified shares without any specific denomination • Share certificate of the company states number of shares held by the owner without mentioning any face value • Value of such share determined by dividing the real net worth of the company with the total number of shares of the company • Dividend is paid on per share
Debentures or Bonds • It is a document under the company’s seal which provides for the payment of a principal sum and interest thereon at regular intervals. • Debentureholder is the creditor of the company. • A fixed rate of dividend is paid on the debentures.
Stock market represent the secondary market • Existing securities are traded • Organized mechanism for purchase and sale of existing securities • Allow trading in securities both to genuine investors and speculators.
DEFINITION “Stock exchanges are market places where securities that have been listed thereon may be bought and sold either investment or speculation.”