Meditation and Stress The Practical and the Existential Ricardo Palma University - Lima, Peru 12 April 2007 Hanumatpresaka Swami Visiting Lecturer IECOO (Institute for Oriental and Occidental Classical Studies) (rev. 18 April 2007)
Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, him whose mind is stayed on thee. Isaiah 26:3
The Final Lesson Socrates to his Disciples
Srila Rupa Goswami and his followers dominated the world of 16th Century Indian metaphysics. He was a member of the highly elevated sarasvat brahman community. Along with his brothers he became Prime Minister of Bengal under the government of the Muslim conquerer, Nawab Hussain Shah.
There is no place in the world now as rich as Bengal was at that time: Silk, Gold, Jewels, Spices, Medical and Political Science, Architecture.
They were the masters of all these things, but still they were not happy. So, they left it all to become reununciants and followers of the great Bengali Monk and Saint, Sri Krishna Caitanya.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu was preaching ecstatic Congregational chanting of the Names of God as the most excellent method of meditation in this current age of Kali. He not only preached this process with philosophical logic but also demonstrated it as He traveled all over India chanting and dancing in emotional love of God. He then empowered Rupa Goswami to explain this culture on the basis of Vedic scripture.
Srila Rupa Goswami wrote over 11,000 verses in 18-major works and presented a summary of everything in 11-verses, his Sri Upadesamrta, the essence of all wisdom. tan-nāma-rūpa-caritādi-sukīrtanānu- smṛtyoḥ krameṇarasanā-manasīniyojya tiṣṭhanvrajetad-anurāgi janānugāmī kālaḿ nayed akhilam ity upadeśa-sāram TRANSLATION The essence of all advice is that one should utilize one's full time — twenty-four hours a day — in nicely chanting and remembering the Lord's divine name, transcendental form, qualities and eternal pastimes, thereby gradually engaging one's tongue and mind. In this way one should reside in Vraja [GolokaVṛndāvanadhāma] and serve Kṛṣṇa under the guidance of devotees. One should follow in the footsteps of the Lord's beloved devotees, who are deeply attached to His devotional service.
Bhakti We can act upon our comprehension. Dhyana We can contemplate what we’ve understood. Jnana We can understand what we have read. Karma We can read the Bible.
Hatha-yoga & Raja-yoga In Bengal, 19th century modernizations of Patanjali’s astanga-yoga system.
Upadesamrta Text One We are subject to six pushes. They begin with the tongue: The push to taste. To fill our belly. To have sexual satifaction The push to talk The pushes of the mind and The pushes of anger Any one who can control these is happy and peacful
Japa Meditacion Mantra Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya Om Mani Padme Hum Domine Iesu Christe, Fili Dei, miserere mei, peccatoris (Oh, Señor Jesucristo, Hijo de Dios, ten misericordia de mi que soy un pecador!)
Future - Upadesamrta Kirtana – Group Meditation. Sanga - Society and Mind Bhava – Advanced Esoteric Ecstacy
Complete Study of Meditation Upadesamrta Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu Vidagdha & Lalita Madhava
Appendix One • Patanjali’s astanga-yoga system. • Yama – Restrictions • Niyama – Rules • Asana - Postures • Pranayama – Breath control • Pratyahara - Withdrawl • Dharana – Carrying inward • Dhyana - Meditation • Samadhi – Perfection of Meditation, reconnecting with Supersoul.
Appendix Two Rupa Goswami’s complete yoga: Adau sraddha- Preliminary faith, curiosity. Sadhu sanga – Associate with an acharya and his school. Bhajana kriya - The formal practices, diksa. Anartha nivrtti – Diminishing distracting habits. Nistha – Fixed. Ruci – Taste Asaktis – Attached Bhava – Existential ecstacies Prema – Pure love of God.