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Bloodborne Pathogens Training

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Bloodborne Pathogens Training

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  1. Bloodborne Pathogens Training

  2. Could You Contract a Disease at Work? • Administering first aid to a student, staff member or visitor? • A co-worker or student sneezes on you? • Assisting a student with a bloody nose? • Cleaning the restrooms? • Cleaning the bus? • Using a tool covered with dried blood?

  3. Bloodborne Pathogens Goals • Basics of Bloodborne Diseases • Exposure Prevention

  4. Bloodborne Pathogens • Pathogenic micro-organisms present in human blood that can lead to diseases • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) • Hepatitis B (HBV) • Hepatitis C (HCV)

  5. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) • HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS • HIV depletes the immune system • HIV does not survive well outside the body • Saliva, tears, sweat

  6. Hepatitis B (HBV) 1—1.25 million Americans are chronically infected Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death Vaccination available since 1982 HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood

  7. Hepatitis C (HCV) • Hepatitis C is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States • Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting • May lead to chronic liver disease and death

  8. Potentially Infectious Bodily Fluids • Blood • Saliva, vomit, urine • Semen or vaginal secretions • Skin, tissue, cell cultures • Other body fluids

  9. Potential Transmission • Contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluid that may contain blood • Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose • Non-intact skin • Contaminated sharps/needles

  10. Potential ExposureTasks and Procedures • Workplace accidents • Administering first aid • Post-accident cleanup • Custodial or maintenance work • Athletic injuries • Bites • Handling Bio-wastes • Handling contaminated laundry

  11. Bloodborne Pathogens Goals • Basics of Bloodborne Diseases • Exposure Prevention

  12. Exposure Control Plan (ECP) • Review and update annually • Reflect changes in technology • Document use of safer medical devices • Ask employees for their input

  13. Exposure Control Plan (ECP) • Potential exposure determination • Safe work practices • Decontaminating equipment • Selecting and using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Handling bio-waste • Handling Laundry • Labels and signs • Training requirements • Recordkeeping requirements

  14. Who Must be Trained • All employees with occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material (OPIM) • Employees who are trained in first aid and CPR as responders

  15. Category One Employees • All employees in this category may have occupational exposure to BBP • School Nurses • Teachers & Aides providing physical care to disabled students • Bus Drivers transporting disabled students • Anyone having contact with known HBV carriers • Communication disorder specialists and physical therapists • All coaches Custodians who clean-up body fluid wastes. • (See complete list in the district’s ECP)

  16. Category Two Employees • Some of the employees in this category may have occupational exposure to BBP • Science teachers & aides • Special Ed teachers and aides • Preschool teachers • Playground monitors • School crossing guards • P.E. & Voc-Ed teachers • Maintenance personnel who repair plumbing • (See complete list in the district’s ECP)

  17. Universal Precautions • Treat all blood and bodily fluids as if they are contaminated • Proper cleanup and decontamination • Custodial work—latex gloves

  18. Protective Equipment • Bleeding control—latex gloves • Spurting blood—latex gloves, protective clothing (smocks or aprons), respiratory mask, eye/face protection (goggles, glasses, or face shield) • Post-accident cleanup—latex gloves • Custodial work—latex gloves

  19. Decontamination • Wear protective gloves • Disinfectant/cleaner provided in bodily fluid disposal kit • Solution of 1/4 cup bleach per gallon of water • Properly dispose of contaminated PPE, towels, rags

  20. Safe Work Practices • Remove contaminated PPE or clothing as soon as possible • Clean and disinfect contaminated equipment and work surfaces • Thoroughly wash up immediately after exposure • Properly dispose of contaminated items

  21. Regulated Medical Waste • Liquid or semi-liquid blood or OPIM (other potentially infectious materials) • Contaminated items that would release blood or OPIM when compressed • Contaminated sharps • Pathological and microbiological waste containing blood or OPIM

  22. Labels and Signs • Labels must include the Universal Biohazard Symbol, and the term “Biohazard” must be attached to: • containers of regulated biohazard waste • refrigerators or freezers containing blood or OPIM • containers used to store, transport, or ship blood or OPIM

  23. Hepatitis B Vaccination • Strongly endorsed by medical communities • Shown to be safe for infants, children, and adults • Offered to all potentially exposed employees • Provided at no cost to Category 1 & 2 employees • Declination form

  24. Exposure Incident • A specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluid • If there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposure • Report all accidents involving blood or bodily fluids • Post-exposure medical evaluations are offered • Report all exposure incidents

  25. Post-exposure Evaluation • Confidential medical evaluation • Document route of exposure • Identify source individual • Test source individual’s blood (with individual’s consent) • Provide results to exposed employee

  26. Recordkeeping Medical records include: • Hepatitis B vaccination status • Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up results Training records include: • Training dates • Contents of the training • Name and qualifications of trainer Sharps Injury Log

  27. OSHA 300 Log School Districts DO NOT need to maintain an “OSHA 300 Log.”

  28. Summary • Universal Precautions • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and safe work practices • Decontamination • Exposure incident