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Governance & Enterprise Architecture

Governance & Enterprise Architecture

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Governance & Enterprise Architecture

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  1. Governance& Enterprise Architecture

  2. Governance & SOA “In 2006, lack of working governance mechanisms in mid size to large post-pilot SOA projects will be the most common reason for project failure ” (0.8 probability – Gartner)

  3. IT Governance – A Definition • IT governance: Specifying the decision rights and accountability framework to encourage desirable behaviour in the use of IT. • (Weill and Ross, 2004, IT Governance, HBSP)

  4. IT Architecture Decisions Organising logic for data, applications,and infrastruc- ture captured in a set of policies, relationships, and technical choices to achieve desired business and technical standardisation And integration IT Infrastructure Decisions Centrally co-ordinated, shared IT services that provide the foundation for the enterprise’s IT capability. Business Applications Needs Specifying the business need for purchasing or internally developed IT applications. Key IT Governance Decisions IT Principles Decisions High-level statements about how IT is used in the business IT Investment and Prioritisation decisions Decisions about how much and where to invest in IT, including project approvals and justification techniques. (Weill and Ross, 2004, IT Governance, HBSP)

  5. IT Governance Archetypes STYLE Who Has Decision or Input Rights? Business A group of business executives or individual executives (CxOs). Includes Monarchy committees of senior business executives (may include (CIO), excludes IT executives acting independently. IT Monarchy Individuals or groups of IT executives. Feudal Business unit leaders, key process owners or their delegates. Federal C-level executives and business groups (eg business units or processes); may also include IT executives as additional participants. Equivalent of the central and state governments working together. IT Duopoly IT executives and one other group (e.g. CxO or business unit or process leaders). Anarchy Each individual user. (Weill and Ross, 2004, IT Governance, HBSP)

  6. LJMU Federal Governance Model (Continuing) Monitoring Compliance Review Architecture Principles Information Management Steering Group Business Membership Business Applications Needs Infrastructure IT Membership IT Steering Group Business Membership Development Programme Business Membership Investment&prioritisation Methodologies: MSPITIL

  7. LJMU Governance Membership • 7 members of the LJMU Senior Management team, out of a total of 16 • School Directors • Service Directors – Library, Estates, HR • Admin/project/resource managers • All ICT Senior Managers

  8. What Can Governance Do For You? • Get buy-in across the board • Do it with them, even if they don’t do it to themselves • Change behaviour, not just technology

  9. EA & Governance • Executive buy-in to EA approach • Within LJMU Governance structure, Architecture already identified as responsibility of Information Management Steering Group • Demonstrate value of EA approach • ‘burning platform’ required, provided by existing Student Experience Review initiative • Visibility • Exposes Senior Management to EA approaches

  10. Selling EA & Governance • Speak the language of the business • Or something as close as you can get • It’s all about value • The business has to see that this will promote better IS decision-making to support the business better • Show them pictures • Not like I’ve been doing in this presentation… • EA development will provide the pictures • See JISC SOA animation http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/programme_eframework/soa.aspx

  11. Selling EA & Governance • Business value: • Business wants to know how to analyse staffing requirements in light of increasing self-service • ‘As Is’ Architecture – self-service capability mapped to business processes as of now • ‘To Be’ Architecture – self-service capability mapped to business processes in light of move to Campus Solutions • Giving a visual representation that addresses the business problem

  12. So, Governance… What is it ? Why do you want it? How can you get it? What will you do with it when you’ve got it?