VOLLEYBALL OFFICIALS EDUCATION PROGRAM 2013
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2013 Volleyball Certification Clinic Classroom Session Agenda
Clinic Topics Signal sequence Start of match protocol with Introductions and/or National Anthem Start of match protocol with No Introductions or National Anthem Starting the match Line Judge Duties and Responsibilities End of Non-deciding set protocol Coin toss procedure prior to deciding set End of set protocol R2’s Specific Duties and Responsibilities Referee’s uniform Time outs—Special situations Use of electronic equipment by teams Pre-match conference
Signal Sequence Rule 5-2: Officials’ Hand Signals Mechanics (New 2013) Art. 1 After a referee whistles to signal the end of the rally, that referee indicates the decision with the official hand signals. a. If the fault is whistled by the first referee, he or she indicates the result of the play (point or replay) followed by the nature of the fault. The second referee mirrors the first referee’s signals. Exception: The second referee does not mirror the signal for a net serve. b. If a fault is whistled by the second referee, he or she will indicate the nature of the fault and the player at fault, if necessary. The first referee, if in agreement, will then indicate the result of the play (point or replay), followed by the nature of the fault; the player at fault, if necessary; the second referee will mirror the signal of point or replay. The second referee does not need to mirror the first referee’s fault signal since he/she has already given that particular signal. Art. 2When a double fault occurs, either referee indicates the nature of the faults and, if necessary, the players at fault. The first referee then indicates the result of the play (9-7-2, Pen. 2), which is mirrored by the second referee.
INTRODUCTIONS AND NATIONAL ANTHEM PROTOCOL The following is the recommended protocol to be used by referees and line judges during IHSAA volleyball matches that include player introductions and/or the National Anthem. At the end of the timed warm-up and before the start of pre-match ceremonies, both referees and the two line judges walk across the court to the referee’s stand. 2. The first referee and one line judge should be on the left side of the net (looking from the score table), first referee closest to the net. The second referee and one line judge should be on the right side of the net (looking from the score table), second referee closest to the net. 4. The line judge flags should be placed on the referee’s stand.
PRE-MATCH PROTOCOL If there is no Anthem or introduction of players, the players go directly to their positions on the end line. Use this protocol only if the home team has the National Anthem and/or introduces the players. R1 R2 L2 L1 Team Bench Team Bench Officials’ Table
All four officials should face the flag and stand at attention during the National Anthem. All four officials should face the court during player introductions. At the completion of player introductions, the first referee should take a step toward the court, whistle and beckon both teams onto the court to shake hands. (If hands are not to be shaken, the first referee can motion for the starting players to take their court positions and the remaining team members to go to the bench area). • The line judges retrieve their flags from the referee’s platform and proceed to their respective corners. • The first referee takes a position on the referee’s platform while the second • referee crosses the court to check the line-ups. • 10. The libero should be off the court during the line-up check.
Start of Match Protocol with No Introductions or National Anthem If a match does not include the National Anthem and introductions, both referees assume their positions for the start of the match. 2. The line judges move, with their flags, to their respective corners of the court. The second referee whistles and directs the players from their team benches to their respective end lines. The teams shall line up on the end lines until the first referee whistles and beckons the players to enter the court. In the case where no introductions are made, all team members may go to the end line to participate in the traditional hand shake with the opponents prior to the match. After the hand shake, the teams may huddle briefly on the court. The first referee then motions for the starting players to take their court positions and the remaining team members are to go to the bench area. The libero, if used, should be off the court during the line-up check by the second referee.
STARTING THE MATCH • 1. The second referee moves to the sideline beside the court and uses his/her lineup card, not the score sheet, to verify that the players are in their proper positions on the court. The second referee checks the receiving team’s line-up first, signals the libero (if used) to enter the court andindentifiesthe floor captain to the first referee by using an open hand to designate that player. The captain shall respond by raising his/her arm toward the first referee. The first referee recognizes each team captain. (New in 2013) The second referee then follows the same procedure for the serving team. • 2. The second referee takes the game ball from the officials’ table, rolls the ball to the server, checks that the scorer and libero tracker have finished checking the player positions on the court, takes a position on the receiving side of the net, and gives the ready-to-play signal to the first referee. • 3. The first referee establishes eye contact to receive the ready to play signal from the second referee. The first referee then begins to scan the court beginning with the receiving team, to the bench area, the scorer and second referee, the serving team to the server. Assuring that everyone is ready for the match to begin, the first referee whistles and beckons for serve.
Thoroughness in pre-match procedures enables the officials to be properly prepared for the match, thus setting the tone for the match to begin on time, in a smooth and efficient manner.
Starting with the 2013 volleyball season, • line judges in Indiana will use flags when officiating.
When hosting a volleyball match, IHSAA member schools are required to provide the line judge flags. (New in 2013) Referees may provide line judge flags, but are not required to do so. If no flags are available, the referees should instruct the line judges to use hand signals and proceed with the match. At the conclusion of the match in which no line judge flags were provided, the referees must inform the host management and the IHSAA of the issue.
Line Judge Signals Using Flags Line Judge Base Position 1. Line judges are assigned their positions by the first referee and shall hold these same positions relative to the court throughout the match. 2. A line judge’s base position shall be at the intersection of the left sideline and the end line in the LB corner of each court. Line Judge Positions
Ball Out of Bounds Raise the Flag Ball In Bounds Point with the flag down. Line Fault (Foot Fault) Wave the flag side to side and point with finger to the fault area
Ball Out of Bounds After Contact with a Player (Touch) Raise the flag to shoulder height in front of the body and place the open palm of the other hand on the tip of the flag Antenna Fault Wave the flag side to side and point with finger toward the antenna Did Not See The Play Cross arms across chest
End of Non-Deciding Set Protocol The first referee whistles the play dead, awards the deciding point of the set, and indicates the fault. After visually confirming the score with the second referee, the first referee whistles, gives the end-of-set signal, then whistles, signals the teams to change courts. The teams are no longer directed to their respective end lines prior to changing courts. (New in 2013) The team members, on the benches, walk in front of the officials’ table to their new team benches. The players, on the court, proceed counterclockwise along the sidelines past the standards to their new team benches. The second referee shall monitor the exchange of courts. The second referee instructs the timer to start the three-minute clock, initials the score sheet and collects the new lineups for the next set.
Coin Toss Procedure Prior to Deciding Set 1. The first referee whistles the play dead, awards the deciding point of the set, and indicates the fault. 2. After visually confirming the score with the second referee, the first referee whistles, gives the end-of-set signal, and directs the teams to their respective benches. 3. The first referee remains on the referee’s stand. 4. The second referee calls the captains to the officials’ table for the coin toss with a double whistle while holding a coin above his/her head. (New in 2013) The second referee conducts the coin toss in front of the officials’ table with the home team captain calling the toss. The winner of the coin toss shall choose to serve/receive, or the playing area. The loser of the toss shall be given the remaining choice.
Coin Toss Procedure Prior to Deciding Set (continued) After the coin toss, the second referee indicates to the first referee which team has the first serve with an extended arm and open hand. Then, the second referee signals to the first referee that the teams shall change courts or remain at their current benches. The first referee whistles and signals for the teams to change courts or remain at their bench. The second referee observes the change of team benches, if necessary, and instructs the timer to start the three-minute clock. 10. The second referee gives the results of the coin toss to the scorer. 11. The second referee verifies the score of the previous set by initialing the score sheet and prepares for the next set.
End of Match • Protocol • The first referee whistles the play dead, awards the deciding point of the set, and • indicates the fault. • After visually confirming the score with the second referee, the first referee • whistles, and releases the teams. (Typically, to the net to shake hands). • 3. The second referee verifies the score of the match by initialing the score sheet. (New) • Once the score sheet has been initialed, no changes shall be made to the score sheet. • 4. The line judges should assist in retrieving the game ball(s). • The referees exit the court together to an area where they can conduct a post-match • conference.
R2’s Specific Responsibilities Rule 5-5-3b During the set, the second referee's specific responsibilities shall be to: 1. Whistle and give the signal for calls he/she initiates, including time-out and substitution; 2. Mirror the first referee's signal for each loss of rally/point, violation or replay/re-serve; 3. Assist the first referee by making sure a whistle is blown for each dead ball; 4. Determine the alignment of players on the receiving team at the moment of the serve; 5. Determine net faults on both sides of the net; 6. Determine hand/foot faults at the center line; 7. Determine back-row player faults;
R2’s Specific Responsibilities Rule 5-5-3b 8. Control the entry of substitutes onto the playing area; 9. Check the lineup of each team from the lineup card prior to each set and identify the floor captain to the R1 (New). Once the lineup is verified, the libero may enter the set; 10. Manage illegal replacements; 11. Grant time-outs and indicate the number of time-outs used by each team (New in 2013), substitutions, and requests for serving order; 12. Whistle when both teams are ready to play prior to 60 seconds expiring; 13. Signal at the completion of a charged time-out, how many time-outs each team has used; 14. Notify the coach when a team uses its 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th substitution; 15. Check the score sheet for accuracy during each time-out and at the end of each set;
R2’s Specific Responsibilities Rule 5-5-3b 16. Verify and confirm to the first referee that the 24th point has been scored (14th point in a deciding set.); 17. Initial the score sheet after each set, including the end of the match (New in 2013); 18. Determine, then notify first referee of unsporting conduct violations by players, coaches or other team personnel; 19. Confirm illegal player equipment or uniform and warnings, penalties and disqualifications for unsporting conduct with the scorer; 20. If requested by the first referee, notify appropriate coach of reason for disqualification; 21. In the absence of a timer, time time-outs and intervals between sets; 22. Conduct the coin toss prior to the deciding set
An all-white, short-sleeved collared polo shirt with the IHSAA logo on the left chest • Black slacks • Solid black athletic shoes and black socks • Current year IHSAA patch on the left sleeve Referee’s shirts MUST HAVE this IHSAA logo starting with the 2013 volleyball season Starting with the 2013 volleyball season, shirts with this logo ARE NOT to be worn by referees during any IHSAA sanctioned match. Indiana DOES NOT allow officials to officiate while wearing shorts The shirts should be clean, pressed, and not yellowed The slacks should be clean and pressed The shoes should be polished
OFFICIAL’S EQUIPMENT Equipment needed includes but is not limited to: • A whistle attached to a lanyard and a • spare whistle. • (White or Black are recommended). • A ball pressure gauge. • A ball pump • Red and yellow conduct cards • Net chain to measure net height • Pen or pencil • A coin to flip to determine serve • Line-up cards • A watch Volleyball referees need specific equipment to officiate a match.
Time Outs—Special Situations Injury Time Out—Rule: 5-8-3b Both the second referee and the official timer will now time the 30-second injury time-out without use of the visible scoreboard (New in 2013). Special Injury Time Out—Rule: 11-4-2 (New in 2013) In the case of a team having an injured/ill player who is unable to play at the end of an official’s time-out regarding injury/illness and all other time-outs and no legal or exceptional substitute is available, the first referee may call a special injury time-out of up to three minutes for the injured/ill player to return. If the player cannot return by the conclusion of the special injury time-out, then the team shall play short for the remainder of the set. A player may be granted only a single special injury time-out during the match.
Use of Electronic Equipment by Teams—Rule: 9-2-1 A team may use electronic devices during the match: (New in 2013) Host management has the authority to establish restricted areas where the teams’ electronic device(s) shall not be used. The first referee may restrict the use of the device(s) if it is determined the device(s) interferes with the contest.
Prematch Conference The prematch conference is conducted by the R1 and R2, standing together facing the court. The conference should be brief and include, but not be limited to, the following: • Introduction of captains, coaches and officials to each other; verify home team has selected its bench • Explanation of local ground rules • Review of rules regarding player equipment and uniforms including hair devices and jewelry • Head coaches shall verify that all their players are wearing legal uniforms and equipment • Explanation of the procedure to be used for ball retrieval
Prematch Conference Continued • Reminder that only the floor captain may request time-out from the playing court or to verify a non-judgment call. 7. Reminder to play until a whistle is heard and, when appropriate, to return the ball promptly to the opponent’s court by rolling it under the net 8. Review court protocol, start of match procedure, warm-up procedures, etc. 9. The first referee conducts the coin toss. 10. Answer any questions from either team. Wish each team a good match. 11. Begin the prescribed timed warm-up
Additional Information Volleyball equipment is available for purchase through many companies. Some company websites are listed below. Others can be found through web searches. Vendors which sell referee shirts for IHSAA volleyball can be found at www.ihsaa.org. http://www.mikasasports.com/store/store.php/products/mlf-line-judges-flags http://tachikara.com/VolleyballAccessoriesNets.CJZ/VB-LF2.NA www.roofsportswear.com http://www.therefshop.com