An Innovative Project For Enhancement of Livelihood of Farmers Benefitted Through Forest Rights Act Udaipur - Rajasthan
Forest Rights Act (India),2006 • The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006. • A key piece of forest legislation passed in India ( December 18, 2006) • Also called as the "Forest Rights Act", the "Tribal Rights Act", the "Tribal Bill", and the "Tribal Land Act.“ • Deals with the rights of forest-dwelling communities over land and other resources, denied to them for decades.
20,00,833 Others ST 7,69,019 12,31,814 Other ST Forest Right Pattas issued - 5494 Total Area Allotted - 4108.50 Ha. Socio-economic Survey Conducted For - 4984 (91%) Families 1,79,308 2,82,575
WHY THE PROJECT ? • Tribals were earlier considered as encroachers upon forest land. • They were cultivating the land but were unable to improve the land. • The status of land and the tribals was not matching to that of khatedari lands and khatedar farmers respectively. • After giving pattas to them, they got rights on the land but they didn't have enough funds to improve the productive capacity (fertility of soil etc.) of the land.
WHY THE PROJECT ? • For development of land, activities permitted under MGNREGS are initiated. • To improve overall socio-economic condition of tribals, convergence with related departments is being undertaken. • Total nine hundred fifty five (955) sanctions have been issued so far. • Remaining ones are under process. • Similar process can be adopted for other vulnerable groups also.
Flow-Chart for economic upliftment of tribals Earlier Tribals considered as Encroachers on Forest Land Pattas Issued to them by Government Under Forest Rights Act Socio – Economic Survey conducted for these families Convergence with other departments’ activities for economic upliftment of the families based on analysis of surveyed data As per survey, land development activities taken up under MGNREGS PRI Forest T.A.D. Horticulture Agriculture Animal husbandry Formation of self help groups under SGSY • Plantation of • - Bamboo • - Teakwood • Medicinal plants • Raising of plants and decentralized nursery Benefits under NHM schemes,fruit orchard development, drip irrigation Distribution of improved agri. implements, improved seeds, fertilizer kits and training Distribution of improved breed of cows, buffaloes, goats and sheeps, poultry farm, dairy development Well construction, well deepening sprinkler / drip irrigation,training
Socio-Economic Survey • Objective • To judge socio-economic condition of farmers who got Pattas under Forest Rights Act. • To identify suitability of the land to be developed. • To assess convergence needs of a particular farmer. • Identification of the areas of interest of the farmers.
Socio-Economic Survey Methodology • Through agriculture supervisors, • Village level workers, • Local NGOs Information collected • The relevant aspects of resources and earnings of the family • Present status of the family
System Of Group Formation • Patta Holders have been grouped (20 in each group) to execute these individual beneficiary works. • Under MGNERGA, each group is assigned land improvement works on lands belonging to group members. • Group to move from one land to another upon completion of work on a member’s land
Convergence • Meetings of different line departments and NGOs are conducted by District Collector • To identify the activities and available resources which can be utilized to improve socio-economic condition of these farmers. • Preferences of farmers are sent to line departments for preparation of convergence projects.
Convergence • The agencies are : • Panchayati Raj Department. • Forest Department. • Tribal Area Development. • Horticulture Department. (NHM) • Animal Husbandry Department. • Agriculture Department. (ATMA) • Dairy Development Department. • Fisheries Department. • Social Welfare Department
Activities undertaken in MGNREGA Scheme For Development of Land • Land levelling • Stone Wall Terrace (Loose stone wall to control soil erosion) • Fencing of field boundaries by vegetative fencing like thore and ratanjot. • Construction of farm pond. • Plantation and pasture development
Proposed Convergence Works Tribal Area Department • Well Deepening • Plantation of species like Karanj, Seesam, Bamboo, Neem etc. • Development of soft skills (communication, training, scholarships,etc.) of the family members of these families will also be undertaken in the 2nd phase of the project.
Proposed Convergence Works Agriculture Department • Crop Demonstration (seed & fertilizer kit free of cost). • Drip and Sprinkler system on subsidy . • Training for use of improved farming practices. • Extension of Agricultural Technology through ATMA Project
Proposed Convergence Works Horticulture Department • Fruit orchard development. • Plantation of fruit plants suitable to the area like Amla, Lemon, Papaya, Guava, Pemli-Bore etc. • Farm Pond Animal Husbandry Department • Distribution of improved breeds of cows and buffaloes. • Distribution of improved breeds of goats and sheeps. • Establishment of Poultry Farms.
Proposed Convergence Works Dairy Development • Formation of cooperative societies for milk collection. • Installation of milk coolers. • Training for Dairy Management system.
Proposed Convergence Works • Promotion of Value addition to the local produce. (Eg.Pattal - Dauna, Bamboo Furniture,Masala grinding units, Dal making etc.) • Benefit of all social welfare schemes to these families on priority basis.
Forest Department Proposed Convergence Works • Societies formed by forest department. • Funding of these societies by SGSY project of RD department. • Promotion of plantation of Bamboo, Teakwood and other local trees .
Assessment of outcomes from the project • On the basis of socio–economic survey, a periodical review regarding the change in the overall status of the beneficiary and the land developed will be carried out. • After 5 years, audit of these families will be done to measure improvement in their lives.
Outcome of the Project • These farmers and their families will serve as Role Models for the other farmers of the village. • If other farmers also wish, the administration to provide work in their fields under Apna Khet Apna Kaam Yojna. • This would improve the productive capacity of such fields as well belonging to other weaker sections and marginal farmers.