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A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk Support Specialists Fourth Edition by Fred Beisse PowerPoint Presentation
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A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk Support Specialists Fourth Edition by Fred Beisse

A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk Support Specialists Fourth Edition by Fred Beisse

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A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk Support Specialists Fourth Edition by Fred Beisse

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    1. A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists Fourth Edition by Fred Beisse Chapter 4 Common Support Problems

    2. Chapter Objectives In this chapter, students will learn about: Categories of common support problems How to apply problem-solving processes to typical support problems A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 2

    3. Common End-User Problems Hardware problems Software problems User problems Documentation problems Vendor problems Operating environment problems Network problems A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 3

    4. Hardware Problems Installation and compatibility problems Configuration problems Malfunctions A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 4

    5. Hardware Installation and Compatibility Problems Hardware problems can occur: During installation of new systems During upgrades of existing systems Incompatible components are unable to operate together in the same system May be due to incorrect installation Example: Incompatible RAM memory modules A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 5

    6. Hardware Configuration Problems Hardware configuration problems result when hardware component settings are incorrect for a specific environment Were more common before Plug and Play standards Example: Incorrect graphics display card settings A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 6

    7. Plug and Play Standards Plug and Play standards: industry-wide agreements among hardware and operating system vendors about hardware installation and configuration options Specify the communication methods an operating system uses to recognize and incorporate hardware components into an operational system Can help load appropriate drivers, but do not always automatically adjust software settings to take maximum advantage of new hardwares capabilities A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 7

    8. Hardware Malfunctions Actual malfunctions are a small percentage of hardware problems Can be reduced with a burn-in test period A 48- to 72-hour period during which a new computer is operated continuously Can discover obvious problems and identify components whose operation is: Marginal Temperature sensitive Example: Inoperative keyboard keys A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 8

    9. Hardware Malfunctions (continued) Most likely to fail Electromechanical devices that have moving parts Examples: Hard disk drive; printer Least likely to fail Electronic components Examples: CPU; RAM memory Hardware diagnostic tools can help identify system burn-in and hardware malfunctions Example: Hardware diagnosis utilities from PC-Diag A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 9

    10. Effective Hardware Problem-Solving Steps Check availability of updated device drivers Use Windows troubleshooters Check Windows device manager for problems Examine README files Search Internet for problem reports A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 10

    11. Software Problems Installation and compatibility problems Configuration problems Software bugs Performance problems A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 11

    12. Software Installation and Compatibility Not all software installs automatically Vendor solution: Installation software, a utility that aids in the installation of other software packages Examines hardware configuration to determine whether hardware and software are compatible Creates folders with correct path names Sets configuration options in software to match hardware Copies files to correct folders Updates Windows Registry and other start-up files Example: Applications software incompatible with new operating system version A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 12

    13. Software Installation and Compatibility (continued) Shareware Evaluation or trial period of 10-45 days before purchase May produce conflicts with other software Freeware Free for personal use (may charge for commercial version) May not be exhaustively tested for compatibility and conflicts with other software Open Source Free for personal or business use Designed and developed collaboratively by programmers May carry OSI design certification A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 13

    14. Software Installation and Compatibility (continued) Conflict occurs when two software packages use systems resources (CPU, memory, peripheral devices) in different and incompatible ways Result of conflicts: Inoperable system Poor performance A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 14

    15. Software Configuration Problems Result when software options are not set for the specific operating environment or hardware May occur when users: Install or upgrade new hardware or software Attempt to use a software feature for the first time Attempt to modify configuration information in the system Windows Registry or other startup files Example: Installation of new application changes default file associations in operating system A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 15

    16. Software Bugs Bug: a major error in a program due to: Programmers coding mistakes Inability to anticipate every situation Occur more often in custom-written programs and programs written for a limited market segment Occur most often in infrequently used features of a program Reduced through extensive beta testing Example: Incorrect format of large dollar amounts in accounting program A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 16

    17. How Vendors Fix Bugs and Upgrade Their Software Patch: a replacement for one or a few modules in a software package that fixes known bugs Usually designated by adding a digit or letter to a version number Update: a bug fix software release Repairs known bugs in a previous version Some vendors offer automatic updates via the Internet to keep programs up to date A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 17

    18. How Vendors Fix Bugs and Upgrade Their Software (continued) Service Pack (or Service Release): contains both updates and patches to fix problems with a version of a program New release: an updated version of a program Contains new features the previous release did not have New version: contains significant new features Usually the result of a substantially rewritten program Upgrade: a new version of an existing program Sold at a lower price to owners of a previous version of the program A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 18

    19. Example of Software Release Numbering 2.0 First release of a new version May be offered as an upgrade for purchasers of version 1.0 2.1 An update release with new features 2.11 A bug-fix release; alternate: 2.1A 2.1 SR-1 An updated version with a service release installed Some vendors use year of release as a primary version designation (e.g., Office 2007) A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 19

    20. Installing Software Patches Prior to installing a software patch or service pack Verify that the patch applies to the software on a users system Install patches in sequence specified by vendor Make a backup copy of the original program After installing a software patch Keep a record of patches installed in case software needs to be reinstalled A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 20

    21. How Vendors Fix Bugs and Upgrade Their Software (continued) Workaround: a procedure or operation that accomplishes the same result as an original feature that does not work Example: Same operation may be accomplished alternately via: Keyboard command Menu command Toolbar icon Shortcut keys A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 21

    22. Software Performance Problems System is operational but does not operate as efficiently as it can or should Often involves the interaction between hardware and software A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 22

    23. Software Performance Problems Performance problems occur when a computer is: Operational but performance is inefficient Often result from a combination of hardware and software problems Example: Slow read/write times on hard disk drive may be due to: Lack of free space on drive Fragmented files Wasted space on drive Insufficient RAM memory results in disk accesses Malware infection A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 23

    24. User Problems Mistakes Misunderstandings Wrong products Inadequate information or training Forgotten information A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 24

    25. User Mistakes Account for significant percentage of common problems Example: Inadvertent keystroke errors Solution: Well-designed computer systems Anticipate potential user mistakes Alert the user Provide corrective action A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 25

    26. User Misunderstandings Product features or limitations not well understood Example: User expects a product to be able to perform tasks for which it was not intended A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 26

    27. Wrong Products Users may purchase or install the wrong product to accomplish a task Examples: Purchase of software package or hardware peripheral that is incompatible with existing system Purchase of software without: Understanding its capabilities and limitations Knowledge of alternative program A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 27

    28. Inadequate Information or Training Many problems occur because a user has not been properly trained to use hardware and software Quick start behavior: a tendency among computer users to: Skip the installation manual Attempt to get a new hardware or software component installed and operational as quickly as possible Translates into waste and lost user productivity A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 28

    29. Forgotten Information Users forget important information such as: User names Passwords PINs Operating procedures Solutions: Reference sheets are an effective aid to recall procedures Tip: Users should be encouraged to write down a reminder of their password instead of the password itself A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 29

    30. Documentation Problems Common sources of documentation problems Poor organization Incorrect information Incomplete information A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 30

    31. Components of Good User Documentation Quick start guide Tutorial guide for beginners Reference manual for experienced users Troubleshooting guide Online help Troubleshooting wizards A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 31

    32. Vendor Problems Common vendor problems Tendency to oversell products (promise nonexistent features) Misrepresent product features Delivery of software with known bugs Late delivery of products Promise of purchase rebates Vaporware: hardware or software products that are described in vendor ads or press releases but that dont really exist A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 32

    33. Operating Environment Problems Problems with computing facilities Electricity, lighting, air conditioning Office furniture and equipment Workplace ergonomics Problems with the computing environment Data backup and recovery Security threats Disaster and contingency planning More on these problems in Chapter 9 A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 33

    34. Network Problems Network problems are often a combination of Hardware problems Servers, hubs, routers, bridges, switches, gateways Software problems Operating systems Workstation client software Example: Use of network monitoring software to detect network bottleneck due to inadequate free space on servers hard disk drive A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 34

    35. Troubleshooting Resources on the Web General troubleshooting pcsupport.about.com www.askdrtech.com/default.asp www.smartcomputing.com/techsupport A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 35

    36. Troubleshooting Resources on the Web (continued) Hardware troubleshooting www.pcguide.com/ts/index.html www.directron.org/howtobuilyou.html www.tomshardware.com/us www.macintoshos.com/troubleshooting/ troubleshooting.html A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 36

    37. Troubleshooting Resources on the Web (continued) Software troubleshooting www.helpwithwindows.com support.microsoft.com guides.macrumors.com/Troubleshooting_ Software_Problems A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 37

    38. Troubleshooting Resources on the Web (continued) Other resources www.google.com www.ask.com www.zdnet.com www.about/com/compute A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 38

    39. Problem-Solving Applied to Typical End-User Problems Problem 1: Sounds Like Trouble Problem 2: The Problem with Modems Problem 3: Give Credit Where It Is Due Problem 4: Antivirus Protection Worth Every Cent You Pay for It Problem 5: The Path Not Taken Problem 6: The Nonresponsive Network Problem 7: The Big, Red, X A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 39

    40. Chapter Summary Categories of common end-user computer problems Hardware Problems Installation Compatibility Configuration Malfunction Software Problems Installation Compatibility Configuration Software Bugs Performance A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 40

    41. Chapter Summary (continued) Categories of common end-user computer problems User Problems Mistakes Misunderstandings Wrong products Inadequate information or training Forgotten information Documentation Problems Poor organization Incorrect information Incomplete information A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 41

    42. Chapter Summary (continued) Categories of common end-user computer problems Vendor Problems Oversell product features Misrepresent product features Delivery with known bugs Late delivery Promised rebates Vaporware A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 42

    43. Chapter Summary (continued) Categories of common end-user computer problems 6. Operating Environment Problems Computing Facilities Computing Environment Network Problems Network hardware Network software A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists, Fourth Edition 43