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Early-Late Middle Ages: The Church PowerPoint Presentation
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Early-Late Middle Ages: The Church

Early-Late Middle Ages: The Church

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Early-Late Middle Ages: The Church

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  1. Early-Late Middle Ages: The Church 476-1500

  2. The Church & Medieval Life • Clergy played a major role in institutions & everyday life • Great political, economic, & social influence across most of Europe

  3. Political Role • Papal States= pope- political & religious leader • Canon law & courts • Consequences: • Excommunication- removed a person from society • Interdict- against an entire region, risk of eternal punishment

  4. Political Life • Didn’t allow anyone to ? • Ppl who denied the truth/preached unapproved beliefs= heretics • Unbelievers whose sinful beliefs attacked the church; deserved eternal damnation • Threat to the church

  5. Economic & Social Role • Participated in agriculture • Some were involved in large-scale trade • Family was sacred • Social workers

  6. Problems & Reform • Lay investiture– nobles/kings appointing bishops • Simony- buy high positions w/ in the church • Attempted to bring reform; 2 groups dedicated themselves to reform: Franciscans & Dominicans • Friars lived & preached among the ppl

  7. Problems & Reform • Mid-1200s, Pope Gregory attempted reform • Ordered to seek out heretics= the Inquisition • Confessed to sinful teachings/ practices were forced to perform penance, those who didn’t were punished

  8. Quick Review • How was the church involved in the political, economic, and social life of the Middle Ages? • What were problems within the church and what did the church see as the problem? • What was the pope’s solution to what he saw as the church’s main problem?

  9. Activity: The Medieval Inquisition • Read the information on the first Inquisition. • Write a speech as Pope Gregory announcing the implementation of the Inquisition • State the reasons these measures are necessary, who is targeted, what the consequences could be