1 / 19

Winnipeg General Strike

Winnipeg General Strike. Available online @ msbeenen.wikispaces.com. W.W.W.W. Who? ALMOST ALL WORKERS What? A general strike across Winnipeg and other parts of Canada> leads to violence When? 1919 (Not the 20’s but still IMPORTANT) Where? Winnipeg Manitoba

Télécharger la présentation

Winnipeg General Strike

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Winnipeg General Strike • Available online @ msbeenen.wikispaces.com

  2. W.W.W.W. • Who? ALMOST ALL WORKERS • What? A general strike across Winnipeg and other parts of Canada> leads to violence • When? 1919 (Not the 20’s but still IMPORTANT) • Where? Winnipeg Manitoba • **When you see this ~~ you do not need to copy that point!

  3. Causes • After the war, soldiers came home looking for work but factories were shutting down and unemployment was on the rise. • Inflation during the war increased the cost of living and many families were now living in poverty • Immigrants had started taking over jobs that once belonged to the veterans, this created social tensions. • Workers also wanted better working conditions, too many workers were getting injured or killed on the job.

  4. Negotiations • Workers tried to negotiate with the Government but they didn’t care. • Winnipeg builders exchange, electric, and fire alarm employees started to strike. They were labelled “Bolsheviks” and accused of undermining Canada • Lack of recognition from the Government caused other civic workers to join the strike in sympathy.

  5. bOLSHEVIKS • Group of Russian radicals that overthrew the government in 1917. • They called for a revolution from workers around the world. • They believed people should control the way goods are produced and distributed. • Although some Canadians were influenced by these ideas it was not as extreme. REFORMISTS NOT REVOLUTIONARIES

  6. Fear of the foreign • Because of this fear of Bolshevik ideas, foreign union leaders and workers were looked at suspiciously. • To prevent revolution, legislation quickly passed that any foreign born “radicals” (people who belonged to a revolutionary group or opposed organized government) could be instantly deported.

  7. organization • The “One Big Union” was created in March 1919 by union leaders across western Canada in an attempt to help workers obtain more control of the industry. • Some workers did not want to negotiate with this Big Union • Frustration built and the works strike!

  8. tHE sTRIKE • May 1919 metal and building workers walk off the job in Winnipeg: A general strike was voted in by the Trades and Labour union and over 30,000 workers went on strike • Winnipeg was at a standstill: Police supported the strike but stayed working to keep the peace, firefighters strike but went back to work after 11am~~ • Police intervened for fear of communism (it didn’t help that a large number of immigrants had settled in winnipeg)

  9. winnipeg stands still • Stores and factories closed. • Dairies and bakeries stopped deliveries • Street car operators, garbage collectors, postal workers. etc.

  10. Bloody Saturday • General strike had been going on for 37 days now • June 21st violence erupts (Blood Saturday) • A crowd had gathered to watch a parade protesting the arrest of strike leaders • Mayor feared troubled and read the riot act. He also called in the Royal North West Mounted police. • Police charged the crowd. One man was killed and 30 injured. • 5 days later people are ordered back to their jobs. Strike is over.

  11. Street car is attacked by strikers

  12. Results • Many strike leaders are arrested and sentenced to jail time. • Some were forced to sign “yellow dog contracts” stating they would never join a union or take part in union activities. • Criminal code was changed: persons proposing violence to bring about political or economic changes could be searched without a warrant.

  13. It wasn’t all bad! • People actually started thinking about the lives of workers and how much they do. • Drew attention to social and economic problems faced by working people. • Royal Commission was appointed to investigate the causes of the strike. • Many of strike leaders moved on to do great things in politics.

  14. Some other noteworthy labour changes!~~ • By 1929, Canadian provinces make it illegal to employ children under 14 in factories or mines. • School attendance was made compulsory. • Some children under 14 stilled worked full time.

  15. Class task • Read “Bloody Saturday” Graphic Novel as a class • Finish KWL: If you get the marker fill in a point and pass it on. BE PREPARED TO DISCUSS • WITH A PARTNER CREATE A MIND MAP OF HOW THIS STRIKE WOULD’VE AFFECTED THE PEOPLE IN WINNIPEG/CANADA • **If you have any questions that relate to this topic please write them on a piece of paper and hand it in at the end of class.

More Related