Strengths… From analysing 10,000 patient histories Bergin (1971) estimated that 80% of patients benefited from the psychoanalysis therapy compared to 65% from eclectic therapies. This proves the effectiveness of this therapy as 80% responded positively to it.
Strengths… Tshushcke et al (2007) carried out one of the largest studies investigating long- term psychodynamic treatment. More than 450 patients were included in the study, which showed the longer the psychoanalysis therapy took, the better the outcomes were. This is a strength because it shows that this treatment was effective when done over a long period of time.
Limitations… The psychoanalysis therapy is based on Freud’s theory of personality which is said to be flawed must also mean that the therapy is also flawed.
Limitations… Freud was unable to realise individual differences amongst his patients which may have affected the treatment.
Limitations… Some critics of psychoanalysis claim that therapists are encouraging patients to put in false memories when recovering repressed memories. (Loftus, 1995)
Ethics • There is a great stress involved with bringing back painful repressed memories known as the ‘stress of insight’, so some may argue that this therapy is too distressing. • ‘Forced termination’ where a patient is forced to break off with their psychologist when they are not ready for it may provoke a range of negative reactions.