DON’T BATH WITH THIS STUFF DR. M. LAVELLE HENDRICKS ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF COUNSELING TEXAS A&M-COMMERCE
OBJECTIVES • WHAT ARE BATH SALTS • WHERE DID THEY ORIGINATE • WHO’S USING THIS PRODUCT • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BATH SALTS USE • WHAT’S THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY IS SAYING • WHAT ARE THE LAWS REGARDING USE • RESOURCES
In his statement, Director Kerlikowske stated, “I am deeply concerned about the distribution, sale and use of synthetic stimulants-especially those that are marketed as legal substances. Although we lack sufficient data to understand exactly how prevalent the use of these stimulants is, we know they pose a serious threat to the health and well being of young people and anyone who may use them.”
“There’s a new killer in town, and it could be hiding in your house. Or lurking in your bathroom. Or in that gift for your kid’s 6th grade teacher or that weird person in accounting you drew for office Secret Santa. This lavender-scented murderer is bath salts, and it’s killing our children.”
These synthetic substances are suspected to be manufactured in bulk quantities in countries such as China, Pakistan, and India, and some of the actual products may be packaged for wholesale distribution in intermediate locations such as Eastern Europe.
"Bath salts" are one of a multitude of marketing gimmicks under which psychoactive research chemicals, stimulants • What’s in Bath Salts?“Bath Salts” is the most common term referring to a set of synthetic drugs also sold as “Plant Food.” Labeled “not for human consumption,”
NAMES • Bath salts are known by various brand names: Ivory Wave, Vanilla Sky, Zoom2, Pixie Dust, Sextacy, Ocean Burst, Purple Rain, Hurricane Charlie and many more.
Methods of abuse “Bath salts” are usually ingested by sniffing/snorting. They can also be taken orally, smoked, or put into a solution and injected into veins.
these products are sold over the Internet, in convenience stores, and in “head shops.”
Stimulants are compounds which act on the central nervous system to increase wakefulness, enhance cognitive function, cause alertness, and euphoria in higher doses.
Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a psychoactive drug with stimulant properties which acts as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI). Reportedly, it has been sold since around 2004 as a designer drug. It is also known as MDPK, MTV, Magic, Maddie, Black Rob, Super Coke and PV. In 2010, "bath salts" containing MDPV were reportedly sold as a legal drug alternative, as was the "legal marijuana" which became popular at the same time. "Bath salts" like MDPV are not related to "legal marijuana" products like K2 and Spice, despite media reports that fail to distinguish between them.
MDPV developed in the 1960s, which has been used for the treatment of chronic fatigue but caused problems of abuse and dependence
MDPV acts as a stimulant and has been reported to produce effects similar to those of cocaine
Physiological/Psychological effects • (Rapid heartbeat) (High blood pressure) insomnia (Inability to sleep) nausea, stomach cramps, and digestive problems • (Grinding teeth) increased body temperature, chills, sweating pupil dilation headache
kidney pain • tinnitus • dizziness • overstimulation • breathing difficulty • agitation • severe paranoia • confusion • psychotic delusions • extreme anxiety/agitation, sometimes progressing to violent behavior • suicidal thoughts/actions
WHY USE THIS “STUFF?” • extreme euphoria • increased alertness and awareness • increased wakefulness and arousal • increased energy and motivation • mental stimulation/increased concentration • increased sociability • sexual stimulation/aphrodisiac effects • diminished perception of the requirement for food and sleep
Drug Testing • MedWork Occupational Health Care
The National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC) assesses with high confidence that the distribution and abuse of synthetic cathinones will increase in the United States in the near term, posing yet another challenge to U.S. law enforcement officials.
Poison control centers and medical professionals around the country are increasingly reporting patients suffering adverse physical effects associated with abuse of these drugs, further compounding the problem.
law enforcement officials are challenged in interdicting such drugs and prosecuting their manufacturers and distributors.
16 local deaths now linked to ‘bath salts’ • Ohio’s ban leads to more busts of local suppliers, say police authorities.
But emergency medicine experts at the University of Alabama at Birmingham warn that these synthetic drugs are deadly.
POISON PREVENTION CENTER (1-800-222-1222).
The Drug Enforcement Administration took emergency action to ban three synthetic stimulants used to make products that are marketed at head shops and on the Web as “bath salts,” (2011)
The emergency measure places — mephedrone, methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and methylone — under the D.E.A.’s most restrictive category for at least a year, while they study whether they should be permanently banned.