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Impacts to Coral Reefs

Impacts to Coral Reefs

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Impacts to Coral Reefs

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  1. Impacts to Coral Reefs Presented by: Kelly Drinnen, Education Specialist NOAA’s Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary 1

  2. Why should you care? We all live upstream! 3

  3. Watersheds • Sedimentation • Pollution • Debris • Diversion of Water 4

  4. After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita… 5

  5. What Can You do? • Educate yourself • Keep soil anchored with vegetation • Avoid using fertilizers and pesticides • Put trash in an appropriate place • Conserve water • Recycle 6

  6. Weather • Temperature • Wind • Storms FGBNMS FGBNMS 7

  7. Shipping • Groundings • Anchoring • Tow Lines • Pollutants • Debris FKNMS 8

  8. What Can You Do? Tell us, hit *6 to unmute your phone 9

  9. What Can You Do? • Spread the word • Don’t anchor on the reef - use mooring buoys when they are available • Report dumping or other illegal activities • Support organizations that protect coral reefs 10

  10. Poll Question: What caused the damage to this coral? 11

  11. Animals • Parrotfish • Damselfish Joyce & Frank Burek FGBNMS 12

  12. Animals • Crown of Thorns Sea Star • Sea Urchins FGBNMS 13

  13. Animals • Introduced Species • Invasive Species Joyce & Frank Burek 14

  14. Fishing • Methods • Nets/trawls • Cyanide • Dynamite • Species Abundance Joyce & Frank Burek 15

  15. Fishing • Derelict Nets and Ropes NMFS PIFSC CRED www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/ 16

  16. What Can You Do? Tell us, hit *6 to unmute your phone 17

  17. What Can You Do? • Spread the word • Support reef-friendly businesses • Volunteer for a reef or beach cleanup • Be an informed consumer • Recycle • Stay informed 18

  18. Disease • Black Band • Yellow Band NOAA 19

  19. Oil & Gas • Spills • Waste Materials • Extraction • Artifical Reefs 20

  20. What Can You Do? • Spread the word • Become a volunteer monitor • Report any slicks or spills • Stay informed 21

  21. Recreation • SCUBA Diving and Snorkeling • Sailing/Boating • Treasure Hunting Wicksten FGBNMS 22

  22. What Can You Do? Tell us, hit *6 to unmute your phone 23

  23. What Can You Do? • Spread the word • Control your buoyancy • Respect local guidelines • Participate in the Great Annual Fish Count • Take only pictures - Leave only bubbles 24

  24. Natural (N) or Human (H) Impacts? 25

  25. From Impacts to Interventions: We all make a Difference! For Additional Information: Kelly.Drinnen@noaa.gov 26