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3 Oct 2012 PowerPoint Presentation

3 Oct 2012

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3 Oct 2012

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  1. Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute(QEERI)The 2nd Advisory Meeting on Maintaining an Integrated Household Surveys Implementation ProcessDr. Rabi E. Mohtar&Dr.Yasir E. Mohieldeen 3 Oct 2012

  2. Structure: • Introduction to QEERI • QEERI’s work • Data requirement • Data issues to be explored

  3. QEERI Vision To ensure sustainable development and management of Qatar’s energy and natural resources, preserving the quality of life of future generations and making Qatar a leader in cutting- edge energy and environment research

  4. QEERI Mission To conduct and coordinate multi-disciplinary research that will address critical national priorities in energy and the environment, by integrating knowledge of the environment, food, energy and water resources in ways appropriate for Qatar and the region.

  5. Strategic Plan Overview (2012-2016)

  6. QEERI Projects 1) Air Quality modeling: • With collaboration with the Ministry of Environment, The Supreme Council • of Health (SCH), Total & The Ministry of Energy/QP. • Objective is to map and model spatial distribution of pollutants in Qatar. • Will provide real time maps monitoring air quality. • Currently a pilot project focusing on area in Doha- 20km centered at QF.

  7. 2) Solar Atlas • PI: Chmeissani, Darwish & El Gendy. • Assess and map solar energy potentials in Qatar. • Satellite imagery and ground measurements of solar radiation will be used: • Optical Thickness/depth, LIDAR. • Modeling and interpolations techniques will be applied. • Why Solar Energy? • Natural Gas and oil are finite and consumptions are excessively on rise. • Cost • This elongates the life of oil and natural gas resources, • Keep the return income from their export • Limits the emissions of Greenhouse • Gases & air polluting gases

  8. 3) Soil & Water modeling (multi-scale hydrological modeling) Soil is « present » at all organizational levels of the agro- eco-systems PI: E. Braudeau Geomorphological, landscape …, mapping units GLOBAL SCALE (Earth systems) MACRO SCALE (soil mapping) Agronomical, pedological Mapping units Up & Down scaling HUMAN SCALE (soil surface) PEDON et  soil surface MICRO SCALE (Soil medium) HYDRO-PEDO-STRUCTURE et BIO Studies of processes in the organized soil medium

  9. Challenge: coupling soil bio-geo-chemical and physical models with the organized soil system Three fundamental questions: What is the appropriate soil typology to be used in representing the system? What soil hydro-structural properties to be used (characterization)? What is the thermodynamics of this system including the living organisms? The pedon, Representative Elementary Volume of a soil mapping unit • Many processes in soil • Organic Mater mineralization • Roots dynamic and growing • Microbiology life • N and C cycles • Pesticides transfer, accumulation etc. • Plants feeding Spatial modeling of the bio-soil activity using soil mapping Soil is a physical organized medium allowing for life. It interacts with water and air that surround the solid phase of the soil structure.

  10. 4) Biodiversity: • PI: Dr. Aurora Castilla • Mapping of specific terrestrial plant • and animal species in Qatar: • Inventory surveys • GPS registration of species locations • Habitat Suitability Analysis Data Source: Ministry of Environment

  11. 4) Biodiversity… cont Thank You Habitat Suitability Analysis modelling using GIS: Other layers will be included: climate, vegetation, ..etc

  12. 5) Water Quality PI: Dr. Shomar • Understanding the groundwater aquifer system in Qatar • Identification the environmentally hotspots affecting groundwater quality • Establishment of groundwater monitoring strategy, assessment and interpretation • Mapping of groundwater quality in Qatar using GIS and RS • Assessment of intrinsic vulnerability to contamination for Qatar aquifer using Integrated GIS and Earth Observation (EO) systems • Use the results of the study in supporting policy and decision making on water laws, acts, planning and management

  13. 6) Soil Quality PI: Dr. Shomar • Investigate the geochemistry of the topsoil in Qatar. • Identify the major natural and anthropogenic inputs affecting soil quality. • Extract the spatial patterns of these inputs using GIS and RS, field observations and laboratory analyses. • Provide sophisticated querying and visualization tools at national scale. • Produced maps to develop and design priority soil management/land use planning specifying the particular remedial measures that have to be applied on a preventive, protective and restorative basis. • Develop a platform for the EIA of the activities above the ground (industry, agriculture, tourism etc.) on the soil quality. • Use the results of the study in supporting policy and decision making on soil related issues, planning and management.

  14. Dust storms modeling • Ecological mapping • Outreach and sustainability • Marine biodiversity • Energy Footprint • CO2 • Water, Energy and Food Nexus (WEF) • Heat wave modeling in Qatar Other studies

  15. Heat Wave modelling 2 years HWI projection

  16. Data requirement • Base maps: International & administrative boundaries; roads, cities, villages, topography, …etc. • Populationcensus data • Agriculture & Livestock: Production and export/import: livestock, food, ..etc • Agricultural input: fertilizers (types & amount), water, energy • Meteorology: temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed/direction, solar radiation, …etc. • Air quality data • Soil data and maps • Geology & Lithology

  17. Data requirement …con • Groundwater and wells: aquifers, locations, discharge, water chemical and physical properties. • Mangroves and Protected Area • Utilities : water network, electricity & Qtel. • Landuse • Vegetationcover/map • Water treatment plants: location, production, …etc. • Environmental hot-spots • Environmental Health:air/water/food borne diseases • Energy and water consumption • Awareness & conservation

  18. Data requirement …con • Urbanization: projected plan. • Energy : Sources and usage • Data request for WEF project 1. List of food products consumed in Qatar 2. Total Domestic production (ton) per food product [Total domestic production under open agriculture (ton) and total domestic under protected conditions (ton), per product] 3. Imports (ton) per food product 4. Countries of import and respective amounts (ton) per food product 5. Land requirements – for open and protected (ton/ha), per food product 6. Market price of domestic products (QAR/ton), per product 7. Market price of imported products (QAR/ton), per product 8. Fertilizer requirements per food products grown locally? (kg NPK/ton, other ?)… 9. Water requirements per food product grown locally (m3/ton) under open and protected agriculture 10. Projections for population (10 year-20year) 11. Projections for food prices (10 year-20year)

  19. Data requirement …con • Data request for the CO2 emission - houses by type (villas, apartments: small, medium, large) - cars (numbers and types) - households expenditures on fuel, electricity, water. - number of air conditions by house type. - CO2 emissions

  20. Data Issues to be Explored • Data Quality measures • Data Quality and assurance measure and mechanism • Meta-data : data about the data • Follow international standards for data classification: LCC, OGC, FAO soil classification, USGS soil, EPA,… etc Example of bad practices: - Farms and settlements are used as classes in the Soil map of Qatar. • Landuse classes don’t follow LCC standards. • No meta-data describing the data, the date of collection, errors, method of collection,..etc.