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“Who Do You Say That I Am”?

“Who Do You Say That I Am”?

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“Who Do You Say That I Am”?

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  1. “Who Do You Say That I Am”? An Introduction to Christology

  2. Who is Jesus? • Jesus = First/Only Name(see Mark 1:9) • Hebrew: Yeshua (= "Joshua") • Greek: IHSOUS (IhsouV) • Latin: Iesus • English: Jesus (cf. Joshua) • Note: "Christ" is a title, not his last name! • Meaning: “God saves” • Cf. Matt 1:21-25; Luke 1:31; 2:21 • Emmanuel = “God is with us”

  3. Identifying People in NT Times • By Place of Origin: • Jesus of Nazareth / the Nazarene / the Galilean • By Occupation: • Jesus the Carpenter (construction worker?) • By Family Relations: • Jesus, the son of Joseph / the carpenter’s son • Jesus, the brother of James, Joses, Judas, Simon • Jesus, the son of Mary (rare outside of NT)

  4. Christological Titles (esp. in Mark) • Messiah / Christ • Son of God • Son of Man • Rabbi / Teacher • Lord / LORD • Prophet • King of the Jews / King of Israel • Lamb of God / Good Shepherd / etc. • See Catholic-Resources.org/Bible/Christological_Titles.htm

  5. Messiah / Christ Heb. “Mashiah” = Gk. “Christos” = “Anointed”

  6. Son of God Divine Title? My Beloved Son The Holy One of God Son of the Blessed One

  7. Son of Man “Bar Nasha” = Human One or Heavenly Judge?

  8. Rabbi / Teacher Common Title in Mark; Portrayal in Matthew

  9. Lord / LORD Kyrios = Lord/Sir/Master LORD = YHWH = “I Am”

  10. Prophet Gk. pro-phemi = “to speak on behalf of (God)”

  11. King of the Jews I N R I = Iesus Nazarenos Rex Iudeorum

  12. Lamb of God / Good Shepherd

  13. Narrative Christology • How is Jesus portrayed in Gospel stories? • Beginnings • Actions • Teaching • Miracles • Interactions • Endings • What does each Evangelist emphasize? • Mark? Matthew? Luke? John?

  14. Summary: Who Is Jesus? • Names vs. Titles vs. Actions? • Naming people: by origin / occupation / family • Identifying roles: Christological titles • Portraying character: narrative emphases • Various Christological Titles & Portraits: • Some Emphasize Humanity? • Some Emphasize Divinity? • Some in the Gospel acc. to Mark? • Others in Matthew, Luke, or John? • Some in later NT books? • Others not until post-NT writings?