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  1. PARIS “La Ville-Lumière” “The City of Lights”

  2. History of Paris • Founded on a small island by the Parisii tribe • Paris is the largest city of continental Europe and is the capital of France, over 2,000 years old. • Is divided into 20 “arrondissements” or districts • Let’s go learn more at these two websites: • History of Paris, France • Chronological History of Paris, France

  3. Paris – La Seine • La Seine • Dissects Paris into two parts called “La Rive Gauche” (“The Left Bank”) on the south and “La Rive Droite” (“The Right Bank”) on the north side of the Seine • Helps give Paris its romantic feel • Fun fact: St. Joan of Arc's ashes were thrown into the Seine

  4. Le Métro • Le Métro • If you want to get anywhere in Paris fast and efficiently, then Le Métro is your best bet! • Opened on July 19, 1900 An example of one of the Art Nouveau métro entrances designed by Hector Guimard between 1898-1904 -taken from:

  5. Major Districts in Paris • Quartier Latin • Marais • Montmartre • Ile-de-la-Cité

  6. Plan de Paris (Map of Paris)

  7. Shopping in Paris PRINTEMPS Les Galéries Lafayette Rue de Rivoli

  8. Shopping in Paris (part 2) Châtelet - les Halles La Samaritaine BHV - (located next to L’Hôtel de ville)

  9. Paris Landmarks • La Tour Eiffel • Designed by Gustave Eiffel in 1887 • Completed in 1889 and the Parisians hated it! They signed a petition to have it torn down. • They said it “polluted” their skyline.

  10. Paris Landmarks L’Hôtel des Invalides – also known as “Les Invalides” The red marble casket of Napoleon Bonaparte

  11. Paris Landmarks • Le Musée d’Orsay • Once was a train station but was converted to an art museum in 1977 and opened in 1986. • Another major art museum in Paris that houses mostly Impressionist and Post-Impressionist artwork by famous artists like Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet, Renoir, and many others

  12. Paris Landmarks L’Hôtel de ville • Paris city hall houses the offices of the Mayor of Paris. • Built between 1553 and 1628 • Expanded or enlarged 1803 and again in 1837

  13. Paris Landmarks • La Conciergerie (formerly called “Le Palais de Justice”) • Was first a royal palace but later turned into a high-security prison • Marie-Antoinette was imprisoned here during the French Revolution before going to “la guillotine” • Located on the Ile de la Cité

  14. Paris Landmarks • Le Pont Neuf • Means “The New Bridge” • Ironically named since it is the oldest bridge in Paris, begun in 1578 and completed in 1607.

  15. Paris Landmarks • Notre Dame de Paris • Built between 1163 and 1285 • Site made famous by the novel by Victor Hugo “The Hunchback of Notre Dame” • Located on Ile de la Cité

  16. Paris Landmarks • Les Catacombes

  17. Paris Landmarks • L’Arche de la Défense (also known as “La Grande Arche”) • Is a “20th century version of the Arc de Triomphe” and is in nearly perfect alignment L’Arc de Triomphe, L’avenue des Champs Elysees, Place de la Concorde, and Le Palais du Louvre – This alignment is called “Axe historique” • Was commissioned by President François Mittérand and designed by Johann Otto von Spreckelsen

  18. Paris Landmarks L’Arc de Triomphe – “The Arc of Triumph!” • Commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806, not finished until 1836 to celebrate his victory at Austerlitz

  19. Paris Landmarks • L’Avenue des Champs-Elysées • Literally means “The Avenue of Elevated Fields”

  20. Paris Landmarks Place de la Concorde *It was here that “la guillotine” was placed during the French Revolution to execute prisoners.

  21. Paris Landmarks • Obélisque Égyptien • was a gift from the Egyptian government to the French government in

  22. Paris Landmarks L’Arc de Triomphe de la Carrousel

  23. Paris Landmarks • Le Musée du Louvre – formerly “Le Palais du Louvre” • Today it is a famous art museum • Paris Pages Musee du Louvre

  24. Paris Landmarks • “Axe Historique” or “Voie triomphale”

  25. Paris Landmarks Église de la Madeleine* *means “Church of Mary Magdalene”

  26. Paris Landmarks • L’Assemblée Nationale • Houses the French Parliament • Works with “Le Sénat” to create laws

  27. Paris Landmarks Place Vendôme L’Hôtel Ritz – also known as “Le Ritz”

  28. Paris Landmarks • Le Centre Georges Pompidou • Located in the “Place Beaubourg” • Is a modern art museum • Built between 1977 and 1981 • Designed by Piano and Rogers

  29. Paris Landmarks • Place de la Bastille • Location of the former Bastille prison which was built between 1370 and 1383 • Bastille prison was destroyed between 1789 and 1790 during the French Revolution

  30. Paris Landmarks Opéra de la Bastille

  31. Paris Landmarks • Père-Lachaise Cimétière • Cemetery where many famous people are buried including Oscar Wilde, Jim Morrison, Marcel Proust, Yves Montand, Edith Piaf, and many others. • One of the most famous cemeteries in the world and is also the most visited with hundreds of thousands of visitors each year!

  32. Paris Landmarks • Le Panthéon • Located in the “Quartier Latin” • Famous mausoleum where many famous people are buried: Victor Hugo, Marie Curie • Paris Pages; Le Pantheon

  33. Paris Landmarks • La Sorbonne – The University of Paris • Founded in 1257 b y Robert de Sorbon • Was originally part of a group of colleges but eventually separated to become the most prestigious school in Paris •

  34. Paris Landmarks Le Jardin du Luxembourg - “The Luxembourg Gardens” Le Sénat

  35. Paris Landmarks • La Tour Montparnasse • Finished in 1973 • Has 59 floors • Has restaurants, gift shops, business offices, a train station (underground), an observation deck with the best panoramic view of Paris

  36. Paris Landmarks • La Basilique du Sacré Coeur – also known as “Sacré Coeur” which means “The Basilica of the Sacred Heart (of Jesus)” • Situated on the hill of Montmartre • Overlooks the city • Built between 1875 and 1914

  37. Paris Landmarks • Le Moulin Rouge • Built in 1889 • Houses exotic stage shows day and night with songs, dance, and comedy called “cabarets” with audiences seated at tables instead of theatre seats while they are served food and drinks • Home of the internationally famous French dance called the “Can-can” • located in Paris’ “Red-light” district, also known as “Pigalle”

  38. Paris Landmarks Opéra Garnier *check out this website for more info:

  39. Paris Landmarks Le Stade de France

  40. More Paris Landmarks… • Place des Vosges • La Bibliotheque Nationale de France • St. Eustache • La Closerie des Lilas • Le Café des Deux Magots • Musée Rodin • Le Jardin des Tuileries • Palais de Chaillot • La Sainte Chapelle • La Tour St. Jacques • Le Palais Royal • Au Fouquet’s

  41. History of Paris Landmarks • To learn even more go to this website: • WebMuseum: Paris: History

  42. QUIZ: How well do you know your Paris landmarks? 1. 2.

  43. QUIZ: Paris Landmarks 3. 4.

  44. QUIZ: Paris Landmarks 5. 6.

  45. QUIZ: Paris Landmarks 7. 8.

  46. QUIZ: Paris Landmarks 9. 10.

  47. La Fin La Fin