Richard Nixon (37) Gerald Ford (38) Jimmy Carter (39) Ronald Reagan (40)
End of the War • Paris Peace Talks (1968) • introduces Vietnamization– w/d of troops • end student protests? • Recognizes the silent majority.
Kent State (1970) • Protest of invasion of Cambodia • Tensions mount • 4 shot and killed
Withdrawal • U.S. begins w/d troops. • S.V. falls to Communists (Saigon -1975)
Nixon brought about détente, or relaxing of tensions between the U.S. and China/Russia. Nixon with his top advisor Henry Kissinger.
Nixon visits China (1972) • 1st President to visit. • Hoped to have China on our side. • Opened the door for future trade
1972 Election • Nixon won, but with dirty tactics.
The Watergate Scandal The other called for breaking into the Watergate complex A committee to reelect Nixon was formed to gather intelligence on the Democratic party. They were known as the “Plumbers” One idea called for wiretapping
Nixon’s “Plumbers” were arrested on the scene. They carried money with them that could be traced to Nixon’s campaign.
Nixon wasn’t involved in the break-in , but would be involved in the illegal cover up.
The Senate Select Committee begins an investigation into the illegal activities.
The Committee learns that Nixon had been secretly recording presidential conversations since 1971. They order Nixon to release the tapes. He REFUSES!!!
Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, of the Washington Post, began to track down information to uncover the Watergate story.
“I’m not a crook!” Nixon goes on television to claim his innocence
He is replaced by Gerald Ford In the crisis, V.P. Spiro Agnew steps down under charges he took bribes during his term as governor of Maryland.
When Nixon finally releases the tapes and transcripts, it was discovered that he had indeed ordered a cover up of the Watergate break in.
“I shall resign the Presidency effective at noon tomorrow.” Facing the possibility of impeachment, Richard Nixon resigns as president of the United States.
1st time a President has ever resigned Nixon leaving the White House after his resignation on August 9, 1974.
Watergate Scandal Pictorial Timeline -28.3 -Create a timeline, with pictures, about certain KEY events that unfolded with the WATERGATE SCANDAL. *Include a drawing of the event *dates of the event *A brief, but precise explanation of what was going on *keep it all on the same side *BE CREATIVE!!! Events to use for the timeline.(they need to be in order) -The Watergate Hotel break in -Senate Committee begins to investigate the illegal activities -Nixon secretly recording White House conversations about the event -Reporters Woodward and Bernstein begin investigating the cover up -Nixon goes on TV to proclaim his innocence -V.P. Agnew steps down, Gerald Ford is appointed as new V.P. -Nixon releases the tapes -Nixon goes on TV to announce that he’ll resign from the Presidency -Nixon leaving the White House for the final time.
Political Cartoon – 28.2 Draw a political cartoon about the Watergate Scandal. Use one of the following events that occurred during the investigation. -The Watergate Hotel break in -Senate Committee begins to investigate the illegal activities -Nixon secretly recording White House conversations about the event -Reporters Woodward and Bernstein begin investigating the cover up -Nixon goes on TV to proclaim his innocence -V.P. Agnew steps down, Gerald Ford is appointed as new V.P. -Nixon releases the tapes -Nixon goes on TV to announce that he’ll resign from the Presidency -Nixon leaving the White House for the final time. Create a caption for it.
Gerald Ford is sworn in as President of the United States, the first individual appointed, rather than elected, to the offices of both V.P. and President.
Watergate A II, S 4 A I , S 2 C5, S 3 C 6/7 • What does impeachment mean? • Look in the Constitution and find the guidelines for impeachment. (summarize it and name where it is at.) • Look at the charges and evidence against Nixon. • YOU decide whether or not Nixon should have been impeached. Why? • Side thought: Why was the image of the office of the president tarnished? What would have been your reaction upon learning this (if you were alive then)
Ford Administration Barely a month into his presidency, Ford pardons Nixon. Ford’s popularity declines.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978) Affirmative Action – public policy that establishes preference for ethnic minorities and women in selection for employment or educational opportunities.
Camp David Accords (1978) Carter helped arrange a peace treaty called the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel, the first treaty in history between Israel and an Arab nation.
Iranian Hostage Crisis (1979) In November 1979, followers of the Ayatollah Khomeini stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran. They took 52 Americans as hostage and held them for 444 days.
The taking of American hostages and the economy in trouble further embarrassed Carter’s administration.