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Phosphorescent materials continue to glow after the lights are turned off. How can you use the model of an atom to explain this?. Structure and Properties of the Nucleus. Nucleons. Proton is the nucleus of the simplest atom, hydrogen. It has positive charge (+e) and mass m p =1.6726x10 -27 kg.
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Phosphorescent materials continue to glow after the lights are turned off. How can you use the model of an atom to explain this?
Nucleons Proton is the nucleus of the simplest atom, hydrogen. It has positive charge (+e) and mass mp=1.6726x10-27 kg. Neutron is electrically neutral and has mass mn=1.6749x10-27 kg
Nuclei that contain the same number of protons but different number of neutrons are called isotopes.
The total mass of a stable nucleus is always less than the sum of the masses of its constituent protons and neutrons.
The total energy represents the amount of energy that must be put into a nucleus in order to break it apart into its constituent protons and neutrons.
To be stable, the mass of nucleus must be less than that of constituent nucleons, so that energy input is needed to break it apart.
Radioactivity is the result of the disintegration or decay of instable element.
Transmutation parent daughter
Q-Value The energy released is called the disintegration energy, Q or Q-value:
Which of the three types of radiation will interact with electric field? • Why do beta rays and alpha rays deflect in opposite directions when moving through a magnetic field?
Baby-Quiz • Where would you most likely find an electron in the first excited state for a one-dimensional box? • Why do some minerals glow when they are illuminated with ultraviolet light? • The wavelength of red light is 600 nm. An electron with a speed of 1.2 km/s has the same wavelength. Will the electron look red? Explain. • An electron and proton have the same speeds. Which has the longer wavelength? Why?