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Chapter 22 Alcohol

Chapter 22 Alcohol

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Chapter 22 Alcohol

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  1. Chapter 22Alcohol Lesson Three Alcohol, the Individual, and Society Pgs 574-579

  2. Long-Term Effects of Alcohol • Excessive alcohol use over a prolonged period of time can damage most body systems. • In teens alcohol use can interfere with growth and development

  3. Changes in the Brain • Addiction • Loss of Brain Function-loss of verbal skills, visual and spatial skills, and memory • Brain Damage-reduction of brain size and cells

  4. Cardiovascular Changes • Damage to the heart • Enlarged heart due to increased workload caused by alcohol • High blood pressure

  5. Liver Problems • Fatty liver-fat builds up and cells die • Alcoholic hepatitis-inflammation or infection of the liver • Cirrhosis-liver tissue is replaced by useless scar tissue that can cause liver failure

  6. Digestive System Problems • Digestive lining is damaged and can lead to stomach ulcers and cancer of the stomach and esophagus

  7. Alcohol During Pregnancy • When a pregnant female drinks, so does her fetus • A female who drinks during pregnancy risks permanent damage to the fetus

  8. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome • FAS is a group of alcohol-related birth defects that include physical and mental problems • An FAS baby may be born with a small head and deformities of the face, hands, and feet • Heart, liver, and kidney defects are common • FAS babies have slow growth and coordination and difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving • FAS is the leading cause of mental retardation in the U.S.

  9. Alcoholism • Alcoholism is a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol • An alcoholic is an addict who is dependent on alcohol • Some alcoholics become aggressive and violent, while others are more quiet and withdrawn

  10. Symptoms of Alcoholics • Craving-an alcoholic has a strong need to drink • Loss of Control-an alcoholic cannot limit his/her drinking and is preoccupied with alcohol • Physical Dependence-withdrawal symptoms like nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety • Tolerance-alcoholics need to drink more and more to feel the effects • Health, Family, and Legal Problems-alcoholics often suffer repeated injuries, drunk driving citations, and frequent arguments

  11. Factors Affecting Alcoholics • There is a genetic link to alcoholism • Children of alcoholics are four times more likely than other children to become alcoholics • Family, friends, culture, peer pressure, availability of alcohol, and stress are other factors

  12. Stage One of Alcoholism • Abuse: • A person drinks and becomes intoxicated regularly • Lies and excuses are made about drinking

  13. Stage Two of Alcoholism • Dependence: • The person reaches a point where he/she cannot stop drinking and is physically dependent. Alcohol becomes the focus.

  14. Stage Three of Alcoholism • Addiction: • Drinking becomes the most important thing in life. Because of liver damage, less alcohol may be required for intoxication

  15. Effects on Family and Society • Alcohol plays a major role in the four leading cause of accidental death: car accidents, falls, drownings, and house fires • People who associated with alcoholics are codependents, and focus all of their energy onto the alcoholic

  16. Steps to Recovery • 1. Admission-the person admits to having a drinking problem and asks for help • 2. Detoxification-the process in which the body adjust to functioning without alcohol • 3. Counseling-the person receives counseling to learn how to live without alcohol • 4. Recovery-the person takes responsibility for his/her own life

  17. Treatment • There is no cure for alcoholism, it can only be treated • Recovery is the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life • Sobriety is living without alcohol and is a lifelong commitment

  18. Where to Get Help • Al-Anon • Alcoholics Anonymous • National Association for Children of Alcoholics • National Drug and Treatment Referral Routing Service