5.3: Components Of Fitness Flexibility Speed Strength Power Agility Reaction Time Balance Muscular Endurance Co-Ordination Cardio-Vascular Endurance
Health Related Components Of Fitness • Cardio-Vascular Endurance • Muscular Endurance • Strength • Flexibility • Body Type
Sport Related Components Of Fitness • Agility • Speed • Reaction Time • Balance (Static and Dynamic) • Co-ordination • Power
Health Related Components Of Fitness The Definitions
Cardio-Vascular Endurance • The ability of the heart and lungs to provide energy for the working muscles over a period of time. • For example, completing a long distance race.
Muscular Endurance • The ability of a muscle or muscle group to work repeatedly over a period of time. • For example, competing a rowing race.
Strength • The ability of a muscle or muscle group to apply a force to overcome a resistance. This can be static or dynamic. • For example, lifting a heavy weight.
Flexibility • The range of movement around a joint. • For example, doing the splits in gymnastics.
Body Type • There are 3 body types: endomorph (prop), mesomorph (swimmer) and ectomorph (high jumper). Body type is made up of body size and composition. • For example, jockeys and darts players can have very different body types and both be successful.
Sport Related Components Of Fitness The Definitions
Agility • The ability to change direction at pace. • For example, goalkeeper diving to save a shot.
Speed • The ability to perform a movement quickly. • For example, 100m sprint.
Reaction Time • The ability to respond quickly to stimuli. • For example, reacting to the gun at the start of a race.
Static Balance • The ability to maintain equilibrium while still. • For example, a handstand in gymnastics.
Dynamic Balance • The ability to maintain equilibrium while moving. • For example, dribbling a football at speed.
Co-ordination • The ability to use senses and body parts to perform motor skills fluently and accurately. • For example, catching the ball in a lineout.
Power • Speed times strength. • For example, hitting an ice hockey puck.
Homework: To Be Completed By Next Lesson • 1. Give a specific example of each of the components of fitness from a sport of your choice. (Different to those already given) • 2. Describe the components of fitness most important for the following sportsmen and explain why: • a. A prop in rugby. • b. a goal-keeper in soccer • c. an Olympic gymnast • d. a 100m runner. • e. a downhill skier