Teacher Information! • Necessary materials: • PowerPoint Guide
History of Game Management Fish and Wildlife Resources
Students will be able to… • Discuss history of wildlife conservation • Describe important game management laws
History of Wildlife Conservation • Era of Abundance (1600-1849) • Game were abundant • Era of settlement • Predators considered dangerous bounties • Wildlife began to decline • Martin v. Waddell (1842) • Fish & wildlife belong to the public
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Exploitation (1850-1899) • Tremendous decline in wildlife • Bison hunted to near extinction • Market hunting popular • Settlers believed wildlife resources were endlessly abundant • Concern begins to arise .
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Protection (1900-1929) • Declining wildlife populations • Signaled need for change • 1st national wildlife refuges were established • Lacey Act (1900) • Federal offense to move poached wildlife across state boundaries • Migratory Bird Act (1929) • Protect migratory waterfowl species
History of Wildlife Conservation • Era of Game Management (1930-1965) • Use wildlife on a sustainable basis • Focus on game species • Aldo Leopold—Game Management • Described ways to manage wildlife and habitat
History of Wildlife Conservation • Era of Game Management (1930-1965) • Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act (1929) • Money for acquiring land for migratory birds • Lea Act (1948) • Provide federal land for waterfowl feeding areas • Pittman-Robertson & Dingell-Johnson Act (1950) • State taxes on guns, ammunition, tackle • $$ state fish and game depts.
History of Wildlife Conservation • Era of Environmental Management (1966-1984) • Focus shifts • Game animals all species and habitats • Endangered Species Act (1966) • Secretary of the Interior keeps a list of endangered and threatened species (and habitats) • EPA (1970) • Regulates federal environmental laws
History of Wildlife Conservation • Era of Global Cooperation and Protection (1985-present) • Wildlife don’t know boundaries… • Management requires cooperation between nations, states, and landowners.
Review • Discuss history of wildlife conservation • Describe important game management laws