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El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos PowerPoint Presentation
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El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos

El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos

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El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos

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  1. El Greco – DomenikosTheotokopoulos

  2. El Greco – DomenikosTheotokopoulos • Born in Candia, Crete in 1541 • Studied in Italy under Titian • Influenced by Rafael, Titian(Tiziano), y Michelangelo ( Miguel Ángel) • Was very critical of Michelangelo – extended offer to Pope to repaint the Sistine Chapel • Is known as the most religious painterof the Spanish artists • Moved to Spain – Toledo was the religious capital at the time • Was hoping to paint for the king and win his favor by doing some paintings for Felipe II for El Escorial – a new monastery

  3. El Greco – DomenikosTheotokopoulos • • Was commissioned to paint for the Church of Santo Domingo el Antiguo – El Espolio, and Trinity and Assumption of the Virgin (Chicago Art Institute), Painted 2 for the king: Allegory of the Holy League and Maryrdom of St. Maurice and the king didn’t like them, so he didn’t contract him to paint, possibly for mixing living people in religious paintings • Was NOT a court painter • Spent the majority of his life in Toledo, painting portraits for money, paintings for the church, sculpture, and architecture, and surrounded himself with intellectuals of the time. • Never married, but had 1 son, Jorge with Jerónima de las Cuevas • Died in 1614 • He lived well but wasn’t rich • ObraMaestra – “El Entierro del CondeOrgáz” and “Asunción de la Virgen” • He was considered Spanish for his mixed Greek, Italian, and Spanish style, and his dedication to religion

  4. El Greco – DomenikosTheotokopoulosHis Style • 3 themes: portraits, landscapes, and religious scenes from the Bible • Spiritual, religious, mystical • Rich in bright, brilliant and contrasting dark colors • Independent in organization of space • Elongation of figures and bodies, eerie • Idealist painting, not realist • Horror Vacue: fear of unused space, but did leave some unworked, portraits • Supernatural • 2-3 levels in paintings • Cold and pale figures • Preferred color over form, Picasso called his form cubist • Interweaves time and space, uses figures to join heaven and earth • Light in paintings comes from unseen sources • Was not really appreciated until early 1900’s

  5. Mt. Sinai - 1568

  6. Last Supper - 1568

  7. The Entombment of Christ – late 1560’s

  8. La Anunciación 1570-1575

  9. Purification of the Temple 1571-1576

  10. La Trinidad 1577

  11. San Sebastian 1577-1578

  12. Expolio 1577-1579

  13. Asunción de la Virgen 1577-1579

  14. The Adoration of the Name of Jesus 1578-1579

  15. El Hombre con la Mano en el Pecho 1580

  16. The Martyrdom of St. Maurice. 1580-82

  17. El Entierro de CondeOrgaz 1586-1588

  18. Conde de Orgaz: Detalle 1

  19. Conde de Orgaz: Detalle 2

  20. Conde de Orgaz: Detalle 3

  21. Conde de Orgáz: Detalle 4

  22. Cristo con la Cruz 1580s

  23. Julián Romero de lasAzanas and his Patron Saint 1585-1590

  24. La SagradaFamilia 1590

  25. St. Peter and St. Paul 1587-1592

  26. The Resurrection - 1584-1594

  27. Christ Carrying the Cross 1590-1595

  28. Retrato de un Hombre Desconocido 1595

  29. The Agony in the Garden 1595

  30. St. Andrew and St. Francis 1590-1595

  31. La Vista de Toledo - 1597

  32. St. Joseph and the Christ Child 1597-1599

  33. St. Martin and the Beggar 1597-1599

  34. Crucifixion 1596-1600

  35. Purificación del Templo - 1600

  36. Hombre Viejo - 1600

  37. St. John the Baptist 1600

  38. Pentecoste - 1600

  39. Portrait of a Cardinal 1600

  40. San Juan Evangelista 1598-1604

  41. St. John the Evangelist and St. Francis 1600’s

  42. St. Bernardino 1603-1604

  43. St. Ildefonso 1600-1605

  44. The Repentant Peter 1605

  45. St. Jerome as Cardinal 1600-1610

  46. View and Plan of Toledo - 1610

  47. Laöcoon - 1610

  48. San Pedro 1610-1613

  49. El Salvador 1610-1614

  50. Fifth Seal of the Apocalypse - Vision of St. John1608-1614