Download
overview on progress of scattering amplitudes n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Overview on progress of Scattering Amplitudes PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Overview on progress of Scattering Amplitudes

Overview on progress of Scattering Amplitudes

194 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Overview on progress of Scattering Amplitudes

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Overview on progress of Scattering Amplitudes Queen Mary, University of London Nov. 9, 2011 CongkaoWen

  2. Progress

  3. Progress In the past several years there have been enormous progress in unraveling the structure of scattering amplitudes in gauge theory and gravity.

  4. Progress In the past several years there have been enormous progress in unraveling the structure of scattering amplitudes in gauge theory and gravity. Conceptually, it leads beautiful mathematic structure of scattering amplitudes.

  5. Progress In the past several years there have been enormous progress in unraveling the structure of scattering amplitudes in gauge theory and gravity. Conceptually, it leads beautiful mathematic structure of scattering amplitudes. Practically, it makes some previous impossible calculations trivial, in particular precision calculations in QCD.

  6. Feynman diagram Inefficiency of traditional Feynman diagram calculation:

  7. Feynman diagram Inefficiency of traditional Feynman diagram calculation:

  8. Feynman diagram Inefficiency of traditional Feynman diagram calculation: Gauge redundancy in every Feynman diagram.

  9. Feynman diagram Inefficiency of traditional Feynman diagram calculation: Gauge redundancy in every Feynman diagram. Fast-growing of # of Feynman diagrams:

  10. Feynman diagram Inefficiency of traditional Feynman diagram calculation: Gauge redundancy in every Feynman diagram. Fast-growing of Feynman diagrams: Very complicated Feynman diagram calculations lead to very simple results.

  11. Scattering Amplitudes

  12. Scattering Amplitudes The amplitudes with no/one negative helicity gluon/graviton vanish!

  13. Scattering Amplitudes The amplitudes with no/one negative helicity gluon/graviton vanish! The first non-trivial one is called MHV amplitude with two negative helicity gluons/gravitons.

  14. Scattering Amplitudes The amplitudes with no/one negative helicity gluon/graviton vanish! The first non-trivial one is called MHV amplitude with two negative helicity gluons/gravitons. NMHV, NNMHV, and so on.

  15. Introduction to notation Only color-ordered partial amplitudes will be considered,

  16. Introduction to notation Only color-ordered partial amplitudes will be considered, Spinorhelicity formalism: by using the on-shell condition

  17. Introduction to notation Only color-ordered partial amplitudes will be considered, Spinorhelicity formalism: by using the on-shell condition Lorentz invariants are defined as

  18. Example of Hidden structure Five-gluon tree-level amplitude of QCD

  19. Example of Hidden structure Five-gluon tree-level amplitude of QCD

  20. Example of Hidden structure Five-gluon tree-level amplitude of QCD The result obtained from traditional methods

  21. Example of Hidden structure

  22. Example of Hidden structure • The following contains all the physical content as the above formula:

  23. Example of Hidden structure The partial amplitudes:

  24. Example of Hidden structure The partial amplitudes:

  25. Example of Hidden structure The partial amplitudes: Dress it up with colors and sum over permutations to obtain the full answer

  26. Example of Hidden structure The partial amplitudes: Dress it up with colors and sum over permutations to obtain the full answer

  27. SUSY is helpful

  28. SUSY is helpful The ideas and techniques are best understood with SUSY.

  29. SUSY is helpful The ideas and techniques are best understood with SUSY. BCFW recursion relations for N=4 & N=8 were solved, which can be used as solutions of QCD and gravity.

  30. SUSY is helpful The ideas and techniques are best understood with SUSY. BCFW recursion relations for N=4 & N=8 were solved, which can be used as solutions of QCD and gravity. QCD amplitudes can be decomposed into simpler ones

  31. BCFW recursion relations Recursion relations:[Britto, Cachazo, Feng & Witten, 04’, 05’]

  32. BCFW recursion relations Recursion relations:[Britto, Cachazo, Feng & Witten, 04’, 05’] Reduce higher-point amplitudes into lower-point ones

  33. An-k+1 An Ak+1 BCFW recursion relations Recursion relations:[Britto, Cachazo, Feng & Witten, 04’, 05’] Reduce higher-point amplitudes into lower-point ones

  34. An-k+1 An Ak+1 BCFW recursion relations Recursion relations:[Britto, Cachazo, Feng & Witten, 04’, 05’] Reduce higher-point amplitudes into lower-point ones Recursion is great, having solution is even better.

  35. Solutions to BCFW First non-trivial case, MHV amplitude[Parke Taylor,86’]

  36. Solutions to BCFW First non-trivial case, MHV amplitude[Parke Taylor,86’] All Non-MHV amplitudes [Drummond, Henn 08’]

  37. Solutions to BCFW First non-trivial case, MHV amplitude[Parke Taylor,86] All Non-MHV amplitudes [Drummond, Henn 08’] N=8 SUGRA was also solved similarly [Drummond, Spradlin, Volovich, CW, ’09]

  38. BCFW at loop-level BCFW recursion relation can be generalized to loop-level to obtain the loop integrand [Arkani-Hamed, Bourjaily, Cachazo, Caron-Huot, Trnka, 10’]

  39. BCFW at loop-level BCFW recursion relation can be generalized to loop-level to obtain the loop integrand [Arkani-Hamed, Bourjaily, Cachazo, Caron-Huot, Trnka, 10’]

  40. CSW rules CSW rule is a Witten's twistor-string theory inspired technique of "sewing" MHV amplitudes together to build arbitrarily tree amplitudes: [Cachazo, Svrcek, Witten, 04’]

  41. CSW rules CSW rule is a Witten's twistor-string theory inspired technique of "sewing" MHV amplitudes together to build arbitrarily tree amplitudes: [Cachazo, Svrcek, Witten, 04’]

  42. CSW rules at loop-level Nothing prevents us to form a loop in CSW diagrams: [Brandhuber, Spence, Travaglini, 04’]

  43. CSW rules at loop-level Nothing prevents us to form a loop in CSW diagrams: [Brandhuber, Spence, Travaglini, 04’]

  44. [Black Hat collaborators] Black Hat Amplitudes decomposed into coefficients multiplying scalar integrals and rational terms:

  45. [Black Hat collaborators] Black Hat Amplitudes decomposed into coefficients multiplying scalar integrals and rational terms:

  46. [Black Hat collaborators] Black Hat Amplitudes decomposed into coefficients multiplying scalar integrals and rational terms: The coefficients can be determined by unitarity cuts.

  47. [Black Hat collaborators] Black Hat Amplitudes decomposed into coefficients multiplying scalar integrals and rational terms: The coefficients can be determined by unitarity cuts. The rational part can be compute by recursion relations.

  48. New Symmetries in N=4 SYM

  49. New Symmetries in N=4 SYM Abstract Symmetries are often helpful in practical calculations.

  50. New Symmetries in N=4 SYM Abstract Symmetries are often helpful in practical calculations. Dual (super)conformal symmetry exists at planar limit, which is invisible in Lagrangian.