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 starter activity PowerPoint Presentation
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 starter activity

 starter activity

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 starter activity

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  1. starter activity Why are infant mortality rates in the UK amongst the lowest in the world?

  2. Why did fewer children die after 1900?  Aims To understand why infant mortality rates decreased so much in the early twentieth century

  3.  Your task • Read the information on p. 160 and list the reasons why so many children were dying before 1900 Victorian street urchins

  4. Reasons for high infant mortality • Diarrhoea caught from contaminated food and water • Insanitary living conditions • Badly ventilated housing • Contaminated milk • Overcrowding • Poor childcare, e.g. mothers accidentally smothering their children

  5.  Your task • Read p. 161-3 and list the reasons why infant mortality rates decreased. Workhouse children receiving their meals

  6. Reasons for the decrease in infant mortality • Salvation Army - provided farthing breakfasts • Committee on Physical Deterioration - to investigate poor health of nation alarmed by condition of recruits for the Boer War (1900) • Better education in schools – advice on diet and hygiene • Rise in family incomes – more women working • Decline in infectious diseases • Govt measures ….

  7. Children queueing for a ‘Farthing breakfast’

  8. Government measures • 1902 Compulsory training for midwives • 1906 meals for school children • 1909 Back to back houses banned • 1918 Health visitors introduced • 1919 New building programme for working-class homes

  9. Local authorities were forced to destroy slums like these and build better housing for the working classes

  10. WWII • Immunisation - 1940 campaign against diphtheria • Food rationing – improvements in diet • Evacuation highlighted differences in living standards • Improved medicines - penicillin • 1942, William Beveridge proposed free national health service

  11. Why were posters like this one so effective in improving public health?

  12.  Role play • Right your own 30 second radio advert highlighting the important steps the government has taken to improve health for children.

  13.  Plenary • What were the main reasons why child mortality decreased between 1900 and 1945? • What factors made the biggest difference, e.g. new technology, war, government etc?