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AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PowerPoint Presentation
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AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH

AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH

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AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH

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  1. Evaluating the Gates Foundation National School District and Networks Grant Program Foundation Theory of Change The American Institutes for Research and SRI International July 31, 2001 AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH

  2. Initiative-level TOC External Climate Outcomes • Drivers of change • Targets of change • Barriers to change Positive HS environment Improved student achievement Post-secondary outcomes Attributes of Effective Schooling BMGF Program Strategies • Fund districts and intermediaries to create, support, and replicate small high schools with personalized learning environments • Create supportive infrastructure for school change (e.g. TA grants, performance assessments) • Advocate for educational policy changes • Leverage existing resources Demonstration of successful HS models Replication and proliferation of successful HS models Analysis and communication of what works and how to scale up Powerful teaching & learning Increased demand Effective schools Increased supply Effective districts and/or networks Increased knowledge base Systems of choice that offer quality educational alternatives to all students, particularly the disadvantaged

  3. Outcomes Positive HS environment Improved student achievement Post-secondary outcomes Attributes of Effective Schooling Gates Program Demonstration of successful HS models Replication and proliferation of successful HS models Analysis and communication of what works and how to scale up Powerful teaching & learning BMGF Program Strategies • Fund districts & intermediaries to create, support, and replicate small high schools with personalized learning environments • Create supportive infrastructure for school change (e.g. TA grants, performance assessments) Increased demand Effective schools Increased supply Effective districts and/or networks Increased knowledge base Systems of choice that offer quality educational alternatives to all students, particularly the disadvantaged External Climate • External Climate: • Drivers and targets of change: • Large comprehensive high schools fail to serve all students well • Common belief that not all students can achieve dictates organization of schooling • Obsolete school designs; lack of personal attention • More diverse student population is underserved • Lack of HS capacity; poor infrastructure • Lack of systemic perspectives: “Random acts of innovation and heroic leadership” • Anxiety about US student achievement in global context • “New school reform economy”: change agents part of value chain • Technology challenges and opportunities Barriers to change: • Education highly politicized, with short-term (and often uninformed) political views • High-stakes testing stands in the way of reform • Standards that emphasis coverage rather than performance • Teacher shortage and teacher quality issues

  4. BMGF Grant Programs • BMGF Program Strategies • Fund districts and intermediaries to create, support, and replicate small high schools with personalized learning environments • Create supportive infrastructure for school change (e.g. TA grants, performance assessments) • Leverage existing resources • Advocate for educational policy changes • BMGF Grants • District grants • Network grants • Urban HS grants • TA, advocacy grants • Grantee Selection • Diverse grantee portfolio • Grantee beliefs & goals • Effective leaders • Realistic plans & goals • Community support • District leadership and vision • Others who will help fund • Qualified intermediary

  5. Promoting Effective Schooling • Planning & Design • Strategies for change: breakup vs. startup • School-based planning, with teachers as architects • Coherent guiding principles • BMGF Grants • District grants • Network grants • Urban HS grants • TA, advocacy grants Attributes of Effective Schooling Grantee Support • Time & money to plan and implement school-based change • Outside help through TA providers Powerful teaching & learning Effective schools • Implementation • Network, district, school, classroom activities Effective districts and/or networks • Other BMGF supports: • Communication: regular meetings, newsletters, website • Evaluation feedback

  6. Attributes of Effective Schooling Attributes of high-achieving districts: • Distributed leadership • Performance accountability • Effective governance • Shared values • Learning partnerships • Staff development • Tech infrastructure Attributes of high-achieving schools: • Common focus • High expectations • Personalized • Respect & responsibility • Time to collaborate • Performance based • Technology as a tool • Components • of powerful T&L: • Active inquiry • In-depth learning • Performance assessment • Attributes of successful networks: • Coherent organizing principles • Well-specified performance contract: non-negotiables for network participation • Judicious replicate selection • Credible replication plan: defined IP, demonstrated replicability, plan for sustainability • Quality support services

  7. Promoting Desired Outcomes Outcomes Positive HS environment Improved student achievement Post-secondary outcomes Attributes of Effective Schooling Demonstration of successful HS models Replication and proliferation of successful HS models Analysis and communication of what works and how to scale up Powerful teaching & learning Increased demand Effective schools Increased supply Effective districts and/or networks Increased knowledge base Systems of choice that offer quality educational alternatives to all students, particularly the disadvantaged

  8. Target Outcomes • School outcomes: • Positive school climate • Reduced discipline incidents • Safety • Staff satisfaction, collaboration • Parent/community involvement • Parent satisfaction Outcomes Positive HS environment Improved student achievement Post-secondary outcomes Demonstration of successful HS models Replication and proliferation of successful HS models Analysis and communication of what works and how to scale up Student outcomes: Increased demand • Near-term outcomes: • Literacy: reading, writing, presentation • Problem-solving • Good citizenship • Working knowledge of content • Ability to use tech as a learning tool • Scientific literacy • Mathematical competence Increased supply • Intermediate outcomes: • Demonstrated competence thru a variety of measures • Attendance, retention • Graduation with a meaningful diploma • College acceptance Increased knowledge base • College-prep activities Systems of choice that offer quality educational alternatives to all students, particularly the disadvantaged • Long-term outcomes: • College matriculation • Labor market participation • “Good citizen” (employment, civic involvement, no criminal record) • College graduation