Download
research trends and opportunities in actuarial science and financial mathematics n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Research Trends and Opportunities in Actuarial Science and Financial Mathematics PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Research Trends and Opportunities in Actuarial Science and Financial Mathematics

Research Trends and Opportunities in Actuarial Science and Financial Mathematics

236 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Research Trends and Opportunities in Actuarial Science and Financial Mathematics

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Research Trends and Opportunitiesin Actuarial Science andFinancial Mathematics Rick Gorvett, FCAS, ASA, CERA, MAAA, ARM, FRM, Ph.D. Director, Actuarial Science Program State Farm Companies Foundation Scholar in Actuarial Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign MAA - Illinois North Central College April 2011

  2. “Actuarial Science andFinancial Mathematics:Doing Integrals forFun and Profit”

  3. Presentation Agenda • Actuaries – who (or what) are they? • Actuarial exams and subject matter • Recent developments in • Actuarial practice • Academic research

  4. What is an Actuary?The Technical Definition • Someone with an actuarial designation • Property / Casualty: • FCAS: Fellow of the Casualty Actuarial Society • ACAS: Associate of the Casualty Actuarial Society • Life: • FSA: Fellow of the Society of Actuaries • ASA: Associate of the Society of Actuaries • Other: • EA: Enrolled Actuary • MAAA: Member, American Academy of Actuaries

  5. What is an Actuary?Better Definitions • “One who analyzes the current financial implications of future contingent events” - p.1, Foundations of Casualty Actuarial Science • “Actuaries put a price tag on future risks. They have been called financial architects and social mathematicians, because their unique combination of analytical and business skills is helping to solve a growing variety of financial and social problems.” - p.1, Actuaries Make a Difference

  6. Membership Statistics • Casualty Actuarial Society: • Fellows: 3,053 • Associates: 1,505 • Total: 4,558 • Society of Actuaries: • Fellows: 12,223 • Associates: 8,015 • Total: 20,238

  7. Casualty Actuaries • Insurance companies: 2,108 • Reinsurers: 522 • Consultants: 815 • Organizations serving insurance: 142 • Government: 86 • Brokers and agents: 145 • Academic: 18 • Other: 407 • Retired: 315

  8. “Basic” Actuarial Exams • Exam P: Probability • Exam FM: Financial mathematics • Exam MLC: Life contingencies • Exam MFE: Financial economics • Exam C: Actuarial modeling

  9. CAS Exams – Advanced Topics • Insurance policies and coverages • Ratemaking • Loss reserving • Actuarial standards • Insurance accounting • Reinsurance • Insurance law and regulation • Finance and solvency • Investments and financial analysis

  10. Financial Mathematics • Advanced work in this area usually includes the following courses: • Partial differential equations • Probability theory • Numerical methods • Stochastic calculus • Computer science • Portfolio theory • Option pricing theory • Financial risk management I wanna be a “Quant”!

  11. Actuarial Practice • Types of actuaries • Life • Pension • Property & casualty • Primary functions involve the financial implications of contingent events • Price insurance policies (“ratemaking”) • Set reserves (liabilities) for the future costs of current obligations (“loss reserving”) • Financial analyses

  12. Recent Developments inActuarial Practice • Risk and return • Pricing insurance policies to formally reflect risk • Identification of effective rate classifications • Insurance securitization • Transfer of insurance risks to the capital markets by transforming insurance cash flows into tradable financial securities • Dynamic financial analysis (DFA) & enterprise risk management (ERM) • Holistic approach to modeling the interaction between insurance and financial operations

  13. The Actuarial ScienceResearch Triangle Mathematics Fuzzy Set Theory Stochastic Calculus / Ito’s Lemma Theory of Risk Markov Chain Monte Carlo Interest Theory Financial Mathematics Credibility Theory Chaos and Complexity Dynamic Financial Analysis Interest Rate Modeling Actuarial Science Finance Portfolio Theory Contingent Claims Analysis

  14. Actuarial Science and Finance • “Coaching is not rocket science.” - Theresa Grentz, former University of Illinois Women’s Basketball Coach • Are actuarial science and financial mathematics “rocket science”? • Certainly, lots of quantitative Ph.D.s are on Wall Street and doing actuarial- or finance-related work • But….

  15. Actuarial Science and Finance (cont.) • Actuarial science and finance are not rocket science – they’re harder • Rocket science: • Test a theory or design • Learn and re-test until successful • Actuarial science and finance • Things continually change – behaviors, attitudes,…. • Can’t hold other variables constant • Limited data with which to test theories

  16. Research: a sample ofActuarial Journals • North American Actuarial Journal (SoA) • Variance (CAS) • Scandinavian Actuarial Journal • ASTIN Bulletin • Insurance: Mathematics and Economics

  17. Research Interests AmongCasualty Actuaries • Stochastic modeling • Predictive modeling • Generating economic and financial scenarios • Modeling operational risk • Quantifying and modeling systemic risk

  18. 2007 REU (“Stochastic Modeling”) Research Projects • “A Model for Increasing Black Life Expectancy by Reducing Infant Mortality, Homicide, and HIV” • “A Markov Chain Approach to Modeling Cancer Risk” • “A Regime-Switching Model for Foreign Exchange Rates” • “On the Statistical Properties of Interest Rates and a Basic Regime-Switching Model” • “Stochastic Modeling for Illinois Prepaid Tuition Contracts” • “A Fractal-Geometric Approach to Risk Management and Mitigation”

  19. 2009 REU (“Stochastic Modeling”) Research Projects • Regime-switching reliability model • Continuous-state versus discrete-state Markov chains in finance and economics • Risk measures applied to simulated financial portfolios • Dynamics of the unemployment process • An “event study” of foreign exchange rates

  20. U/G Research Associate Projects • Neuroeconomics / cognitive biases • Power laws • Predator-prey models • Agent-based models • Fuzzy modeling of risk • Housing wealth: reverse mortgages and equity releases • Public pensions: securitizing pension claims

  21. Research:Other Recent Areas • Stochastic processes • Economic and financial modeling • Dynamic financial analysis • Enterprise risk management • Fuzzy set theory and fuzzy random variables • Neural networks • Data mining • Chaos and complexity theory

  22. Conclusion • A new actuarial science “paradigm” is evolving • Advanced mathematics • Financial sophistication • There are significant opportunities for important research in these areas of convergence between actuarial science, finance, and mathematics

  23. gorvett@illinois.edu

  24. Some Useful Web Pages • Mine • http://www.math.uiuc.edu/~gorvett/ • Casualty Actuarial Society • http://www.casact.org/ • Society of Actuaries • http://www.soa.org/ • “Be An Actuary” • http://www.beanactuary.org/