Introduction toCAP Safety Authored by Paul Mondoux – NHWG/SE Modified by Lt Colonel Fred BlundellTX-129th Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev 6.0 03-Jan-2014
This Training Slide Show is a project undertaken by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell of the TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron, Fort Worth, TX for local use to assist those CAP Members interested in advancing their skills. The information contained herein is for CAP Member’s personal use and is not intended to replace or be a substitute for any of the CAP National Training Programs. Users should review the presentation’s Revision Number at the end of each file name to ensure that they have the most current publication.
Introduction To The CAP Safety Program Risk: ‘risk” 1. possibility of loss or injury Hazard: ‘ha-zərd;’ 2. a source of danger
This presentation is an overview of Civil Air Patrol’s Safety program and it will cover: Safety Program Background The three components of CAP’s safety program: Rules and Regulations Responsibilities Risks and Operational Risk Management How the safety program is a part of every CAP activity: Safe mission accomplishment is everyone’s #1 job Safety definitions Course Outline
The CAP Safety program is modeled after the Air Force program. If you want to look it up, these are in the 91 series of Air Force Instructions (AFI) – http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/ The CAP Safety program is defined in the 62 series of CAP regulations. These clearly define the two distinct duties of CAP Commanders and Safety Officers: Safety Education Accident Prevention Background
For More CAP Safety Program Information, review: • CAPR 20-1, Organization of Civil Air Patrol • CAPR 62-1, CAP Safety Responsibilities and Procedures • CAPR 62-2, Mishap Reporting and Investigation • eServices “Learning Management System” • Region and Local Safety Policies
CAP regulations govern all levels of the CAP Safety Program Local units set up mishap prevention programs to comply with wing, region, and national policies The local unit’s safety program must meet the needs of the local unit and identify local risks Rules & Regulations You have to follow Civil Air Patrol regulations.
Responsibilities Safety is serious business; you must follow regulations. Hand propped starts are prohibited IAW CAP regulations • Safety is a way of thinking and acting that keeps you out of harm’s way • It is everyone's responsibility to promote a safe environmentand the commander’s responsibility to have a safety program cannot be delegated.
They cannot delegate their responsibility for the safety program. However, the Safety Officer position has been created to assist the Commander and is unique in the chain of command. Any Member may stop any CAP activity at any time for safety reasons. Safety Officers administer the unit mishap prevention program for their Commander and can be your contact for any questions or concerns. Commander’s Responsibilities
This is what the chain of command looks like: • Flight or Deputy Commander, as applicable • Squadron Commander • Group Commander, as applicable • Wing Commander • Region Commander • National Commander If you have a questions about CAP you would want to follow this chain of command.
Each of these Commanders has a Safety Officer : • Squadron Commander • Group Commander, as applicable • Wing Commander • Region Commander • National Commander If you have a any questions about the safety programs of CAP you can ask either the commander or safety officer following the chain of command.
If you see a hazard or risk, it is ok for the youngest cadet to the most experienced senior member to tell anyone, not necessarily following the chain of command, but to take action and say “STOP” or “Knock it Off”: • “Knock it Off” is a term that we may have all heard in our youth, to “STOP.” • In CAP and in the aviation community, the term “Knock it Off” has been adapted to “STOP” any activity where a risk or hazard is perceived. • Any Member may stop any CAP activity at any time for safety reasons. • Flight or Deputy Commander, as applicable • Squadron Commander • Group Commander, as applicable • Wing Commander • Region Commander • National Commander
Your Responsibilities • For your safety AND the safety of all the team members around you. • To be personally honest and to have the highest integrity because safety demands awareness and concern at all times. • To say “STOP” or “Knock it Off” when you see or know of an unsafe act is the right thing to do! Any Member may stop any CAP activity at any time for safety reasons.
Risks • There are risks in all activities. We can identify them before an activity and take steps to minimize them. • Every member’s job is to identify risks. Examples are: • Wildlife, i.e. snakes, insects, poisonous plants, etc • Rough terrain • Road Construction • Around aircraft, i.e. propeller operations, dents, leaks, tie-downs, chocks, etc. • Hunting areas and seasons • If you can think it, it could be a risk
If an unsafe act is happening or is about to, it is the duty of every member to try to stop it. You can use the phrase “Knock it Off” with anyone, anytime. • Learn to use safety planning tools (ORM), suggest a safer way.
Operational RiskManagement Operational Risk Management (ORM) is a process that looks at an event or task that is going to be performed and shows what the risks are and helps members make a decision if the risks are worth taking or to STOP!
Principles of ORM • Accept no unnecessary risks • Make risk decisions at the appropriate level within the chain of command • When the risks are too great, the activity should stop • Include ORM in all planning for ALL unit activities
The ORM Process • Identify the hazards • Assess the risks • Analyze risk control measures • Make control decisions • Implement risk controls • Supervise and review • Repeat steps one through six as needed
Identifying hazards in advance is the best way to prevent mishaps Safety improvement or hazard reporting can be done online by filing a Hazard Report through the Safety Forms application in eServices or with a CAP Form 26 (CAPF26). If deemed necessary, this can be done anonymously. At least annually, ORM will be discussed during each unit’s monthly safety briefing ORM training is available for everyone to take online at www.capmembers.comunder the Safety tab. Identify & Communicate Hazards
CAP units have routine duties to ensure our safety Safety surveys are performed annually to help identify and report all unsafe acts and hazards. Ground vehicles shall be inspected before each use and there are some checks required to be done monthly Aircraft are inspected before each flight and have checks done after a set number of operating hours. Unit facilities are also inspected routinely to ensure the safety of all members and visitors of CAP
“Mishap” means any unplanned or unsought event, or series of events, that result in or has the potential to cause death, injury, or damage to equipment or property. Definitions • “Accident” • means a mishap that results in death, serious bodily injury, or major damage to, or loss of, equipment or property
Mishap Reporting The overall purpose of mishap reporting and investigation is prevention of future mishaps. Reporting of all mishaps is mandatory in the eServices Safety Management System within 48 hours. Local mishap reporting procedures ensure the commander and the safety officer are quickly notified of all mishaps within the unit.
Near-Miss & Safety Deviations “Close Calls” • Near-Miss: “Any circumstance where the in-flight separation between aircraft constitutes a hazardous situation involving potential risk of collision.” (In-flight) • Safety Deviation: “Any event that is perceived as an unsought safety act, most commonly defined as any act that is non-compliant with CAP rules, regulations, or other defined policies, as well as local, state, or national laws or regulations that could result in injury or damage to CAP members or equipment. (On the Ground) • These events should be reported just like a regular mishap.
Reporting CAP Mishaps • Some mishaps, near-misses, or safety deviations may not appear to qualify for statistical reporting purposes; however, there may be lessons to be learned from them or they may help in identifying safety trends. Additionally, some mishaps appear to be minor in nature at first, but that may change with time. • For the above reasons, all mishaps must be reported in the eServices Safety Management System. Classification of mishaps will be completed by the National Safety Team and NHQ Safety. • Classification definitions are available in CAP Regulation 62-2 (CAPR 62-2).
Reporting of “ACCIDENTS” In all cases of mishaps arising out of CAP activities that can be classified as an accident, an appropriate CAP member (e.g., Activity Director/Commander, Safety Officer, ranking senior member) will: Immediately notify the CAP National Operations Center (NOC) toll-free at 888-211-1812, ext 300, (24 hrs/day) And report the incident in the eServices Safety Management System within 48 hours!
Report, Report, Report • If in doubt, report the hazard! • If in doubt, report the mishap! • It’s better to report something if you think it shouldn’t be reported, than to not report it and find out it should have been. • The unit commander and safety officer will take it from there.
Investigating Mishaps • Death or Bodily Injury Accident • When a death or bodily injury accident is involved, there will be no formal or informal investigation conducted by any CAP member unless authorized by the CAP National Headquarters’ General Counsel office. • This will be coordinated with your chain of command and the National Safety Team.
What’s Next You should review CAPR 62-1andCAPR 62-2on the National website www.capmembers.comand the eServices “Learning Management System” Online Safety Education “Safety Management System Education Series. Then visit the eServices “Safety Management System” listed in the “CAP Utilities” menu.
Questions? Always Think Safety!