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Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

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Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

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  1. Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC) Annual Conference and Joint Meetings(PNC 2011), October 19-21, 2011, Sasin Hall, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, THAILAND Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information By Verayuth Lertnattee*Sinthop Chomya Virach Sornlertlamvanich

  2. Outline • Introduction • Herbal Information • Collecting Herbal Information • Implementation of KUIHerb • Conclusion and Extended Work Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  3. Introduction

  4. Introduction • Herbal medicine is very important from the past until the present and also in the future • Knowledge about herbal medicine varies from different area and different time • Using conventional methods, it is hard to collect herbal information from several cultures in a systematic approach Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  5. Motivation on the Research • The problems of collecting herbal information were addressed • Multicultural knowledge • Require several experts for contributing better knowledge • Locations of herbal experts • The Internet is popular, collaborative work on the Internet is possible • Some young generations who are interested in traditional medicine is a group of key persons who can transfer knowledge from traditional doctors (tacit knowledge) to the knowledge in digitized form (explicit knowledge) Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  6. The Aim of This Work • Design a system for • Collecting Herbal Information • Using the concept of collective intelligence • Using the Internet for collaboration • Using the concept of the future web Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  7. Collective Intelligence • From the concept • “Under the right circumstances, groups are remarkably intelligent, and are often smarter than the smartest people” From, Wisdom of the Crowds, by James Surowiecki, business columnist for New Yorker Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  8. The Internet Technology • With the Internet, users around the world can connect and communicate to each other • The most popular service one on the Internet is World Wide Web (WWW), especially in GUI • Web technology moves from 1.0 to 2.0 and is going to the next version Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  9. Trends of the Future Web • Wisdom of the experts • Control of information • No or less controversial • The intelligent web Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  10. Herbal Information

  11. General Characteristics • It is a special type of information dealing with medicinal herbs • The relationship between herbs and their names is Many-Many • An herb with several names • Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.: Wan hang chora khe, Hang ta khe, Wan fai mai • A name with several herbs • Prayarakdum: Polyalthia cerasoides (Roxb.) Benth. ex Bedd., Diospyros variegata Kurz., Jussiaea suffruticosa Linn. Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  12. Useful Features of Herbal Information • Herb name • General characteristics • Image • Part used • Indication • Method for preparation • Precaution • Toxicity • Additional Information Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  13. Collecting Herbal Information

  14. Four Major Topics • Herb identification • Vocabulary collection • Intercultural usages • Precautions and toxicity Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  15. Herb Identification • Using scientific name and images of an herb for common understanding • Several parts of a medicinal plant may be used with different proposes. Images for ease part should be collected in fresh form and dry form • The synonyms for an herb are useful for identification Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  16. Vocabulary Collection • In KUIHerb, a set of names for an herb and the locations which call it, should be collected • Some mechanisms should be applied for increasing an existing of the name and the right locations • Names of the herb may be • Several languages • Common and local names for each language Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  17. An Herb with Several Names(Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f.) • ARABIC • الألوة • CHINESE • 龙舌兰 • ENGLISH • Barbados aloe • Coastal aloe • THAI • ว่านหางจระเข้ • ว่านไฟไหม้ Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  18. Multicultural Usages • The usages of an herb depend on • An herb • Part used • Method for preparation • Traditional knowledge of the culture Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  19. An example, Ginger • Common ginger grows from thick fleshy underground stems called "rhizomes“, but sometime called ginger root • In China • The dried root treats depleted yang, removes cold, is useful for "cold" pain of the stomach and abdomen, is useful for diarrhea due to cold deficiency, cough, rheumatism and many other uses. • In India • Fresh ginger has been used for cold-induced disease, nausea, asthma, cough, colic, etc. • In Jamaica • The warm steamy fumes of hot ginger tea are used as an inhalant to relieve head colds • In Europe • European tradition values ginger tea for digestive disturbances http://www.stevenfoster.com/education/monograph/ginger.html Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  20. Precautions and Toxicity • Although several herbs are frequently used, they may cause some problems • For example, Ginkgo biloba L. • Ginkgo may improve thinking, learning, and memory in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) • Small children of few years old have died from taking just less than ten pieces of Ginkgo biloba L. • Adults are rarely affected by its toxicity but this does not mean it will not happen. • Sharing experiences about precautions and toxicity is a very useful topic Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  21. Implementation of KUIHerb

  22. Implementation of KUIHerb • Tools for building KUIHerb • Linux • Apache • MySQL • PHP • Four Components in KUIHerb • Accessing information • Sharing information • Providing information • Web site statistics Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  23. Levels of Access Information • Administrator • Register • Administrative Right • Modify own and the other information/opinions • Member • Register • Modify own information/opinions • Visitor • View only Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  24. Accessing Information • Keyword search • Thai common name • English common name • Local name • Scientific name • Family name • Directory search • By part used • By symptom Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  25. http://inf.pharm.su.ac.th/~kuiherb Keyword Search Directory Search Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  26. A member can express his/her opinions The other members can vote their opinions Topics for Voting Herb Name Local Name Location Medicinal Use Part Used Indication for the part used Method for preparation for the indication of the part used Sharing and Voting for Herbal Information Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  27. Herb Identification • Given a scientific name, a member can contribute his/her images of the herb into the system • Whole plants and parts for medicinal uses should be contributed • A contributor may input some keywords and comments for the image • The order of image is arranged by popularity of viewing the image Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  28. Whole plant and parts used • Click for larger view • Popular images are shifted Comment Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  29. Vocabulary Collection • Local names of herbs are suggested by members • Multi-lingual names can also be applied • The location or the language which uses the name may be given • The majority voting is applied • Each member has only one vote for an opinion. The opinion with the higher score will be moved to the upper part of the window Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  30. Sharing Herb Names and Its Locations Voting Score Names of an herb with multiple languages Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  31. Multicultural Usages • A list of predefined parts which may be used for treatments is provided • A member may select the part and suggest its indications • The method for preparation can be suggested • The majority voting is applied • The English or local languages can be conducted Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  32. Multicultural Usages Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  33. Precautions/Toxicity and Additional Information • Two topics are separated • Precautions and toxicity • Additional information • Free text comment without the majority voting • Some interesting topics should be suggested in additional information Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  34. A Precaution for an Herb According to one survey, dust exposure to tamarind flours may induced chronic changes in lung function Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  35. Conclusion and Extended Work

  36. Conclusion • The problems of collecting herbal information were addressed • Multicultural knowledge and languages • Require several experts for contributing better knowledge • Different locations of herbal experts • KUIHerb was introduced to solve these problems Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  37. Conclusion (cont.) • Concepts of KUIHerb • Collective Intelligence • Internet technologies based on Web 2.0 and some features of the future web • Several topics on herbal information are considered • Herb identification • Different Languages and Local Names • Part used, indication and method for preparation • Precaution/toxicity and additional information Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  38. Extended Work • The KUIHerbRx, a version for a supplement for learning herbal medicine • A mobile application for herb identification • An application for identification of herbal products by DNA barcode Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  39. The KUIHerbRx Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  40. Initial Information Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  41. Collaborative Work from Students Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  42. Medicinal Usages Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  43. Some Images -> Data Sets Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  44. An Application in Mobile Phone for Herb Identification Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  45. Herb Identification by Images Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information

  46. Questions and Answers Thank You Collaborative Platform for Multicultural Herbal Information