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Happy strategies game

Happy strategies game

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Happy strategies game

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  1. Happy strategies game Dryland landscape

  2. Rainfall • 700 mm/yr • High average temperature • Evapotranspiration (PET): 1600 • Poorly distributed and with high inter seasonal variability

  3. Elevation

  4. Slope • Gently sloping, some areas totally flat • More steep areas around the banks of seasonal streams

  5. Soils

  6. Land use

  7. Water access and market access • Water scarcity • Few villages have piped system • Piped water too expensive for many • Many people rely on water fetched from holes in dry riverbeds • Women have to walk many hours to get water for household consumption

  8. Socio-economic setting • Mostly agro-pastoralist communities except than in bigger villages • Man move with the animals to summer pastures • Increasing population (also livestock) • Women and elders stay home the whole year • Crops grown are mainly Sorghum, many other crops could be grown if water is available. • Chat is being grown if water is available • Few Jatropha (for diesel production) commercial plantations

  9. Landscape challenges (livestock) • Prosopis and Opuntia are invading the natural pastures • Prosopis beans are eaten by goats and spread with their dung • The area around the few water points for livestock are highly degraded because high livestock density • Overgrazing soil erosion • Low livestock productivity because of diseases, low quality of feed and not enough water

  10. Landscape challenges (agriculture) • Short growing season for low water availability • Low rains and High evapotranspiration • Low use of organic and artificial fertilizers • Growing crops must be guarded from livestock • Decreasing number of trees for shade, timber and fuel

  11. Social setting • Agro-pastoralist and pastoralist communities • Tension between groups for pasture lands and livestock water sources • Government push for settlement of pastoralists • Some fields are surrounded by barbed wire that impede the traditional practice of free movement of livestock • Extension service focused on agriculture and not much on pastoralist way of life • People not used to invest many resources and time in improving land because of pastoralist attitude