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The Neolithic Revolution AIM : How did the Neolithic Revolution change how civilizations develop? PowerPoint Presentation
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The Neolithic Revolution AIM : How did the Neolithic Revolution change how civilizations develop?

The Neolithic Revolution AIM : How did the Neolithic Revolution change how civilizations develop?

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The Neolithic Revolution AIM : How did the Neolithic Revolution change how civilizations develop?

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  1. The Neolithic Revolution AIM: How did the Neolithic Revolution change how civilizations develop? Do Now: You were just stranded on a deserted island. What would be five items that you would bring? Analyze: Compare and contrast the Neolithic Age and the Paleolithic Age

  2. Early Man

  3. Prehistory • Paleolithic Age – Old Stone Age (Est. 2 mil BC-9000 BC) • Hunters & Gatherers • Nomad: Moving from place to place in search for food. • Men  hunted & fished. • Woman  gathered fruits, nuts, etc. • Way of Life • Cave paintings • Stone tools & pottery • Domesticated dogs • Neolithic Age – New Stone Age (9000 BC – 3000 BC) • Farming  Neolithic Revolution • People could remain in one place. • Herding of animals – goats, sheep & cattle. • Community – • Council of Elders/Chief – made important decisions. • Warrior class • Kept possessions.

  4. The Neolithic Revolution

  5. Effects of Farming

  6. Migration of Man

  7. Centers of Neolithic civilizations

  8. Advantages of Neolithic Societies • Dependable Food Source • Closer to clean water • “Modern” Civilizations • Safety

  9. Early Sedentary Civilizations

  10. KWL Vocabulary Barter Domestication Caste System Dynasty City-state Empire Civil service Hunter-gatherer Civilization Institutions Commodities Money Economy Cultural Diffusion Monotheism Division of Labors Neolithic Agr. Rev.

  11. KWL Vocabulary Cont. • Nomadic • Polytheism • River Valley • Silk Road • Specialization • Surplus • Writing

  12. Barter • The exchange of one good or service

  13. Caste System • A complex form of social organization that began to take shape in India following the Indo-Aryan migration. The system transformed the Indian social system, dividing it into five distinct classes that one cannot move between.

  14. City-State • Form of government that includes a town or city and the surrounding land controlled by it

  15. Civil Service • A centralized system of running the everyday business of government

  16. Civilization • A complex culture that has at least three characteristics: a surplus of food, large towns with a form of government, and a division of labor

  17. Commodities • Goods that have value

  18. Cultural Diffusion • Spread of ideas and other aspects of culture from one area to another

  19. Division of Labors • In a community, different people have different jobs

  20. Domestication • Training or adapting (an animal or plant) to live in a human environment and be of use to humans

  21. Dynasty • A family of rulers

  22. Empire • Form of government that unites different territories and people under one ruler

  23. Hunter-Gatherer • Prehistoric men and women where men hunted animals and women and children gathered plants and fruit for food

  24. Institutions • Social structures in a civilization such as government, religion, and classes

  25. Money Economy • Use of money, as an exchange of value and a unit of account, to exchange for goods or services

  26. Monotheism The belief in a single god

  27. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution • The shift from food gathering to food producing. It revolutionized human life and brought about civilization

  28. Nomadic • People who move from place to place, rather than living in one place

  29. Polytheism • The belief in several gods

  30. River Valley • The fertile land of a river and the locations of the first civilizations

  31. Silk Road • Trade route from China, across central Asia, to the Mediterranean region; silk, jade, and other valuable Chinese goods were traded for gold, silver, and wool

  32. Specialization • Separation of work tasks within a society: farmer, priest, warrior, scribe, king

  33. Surplus • Extra

  34. Writing • Representation of communication using symbols or signs; one of the characteristics of a civilization