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Wanted—A “Just Right” Government

Wanted—A “Just Right” Government

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Wanted—A “Just Right” Government

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  1. Wanted—A “Just Right” Government

  2. Wanted—A government that: much say states power rights

  3. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

  4. “That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”

  5. “That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”

  6. “That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”

  7. “That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”

  8. The First Attempt: These Articles Ain’t Workin! central representatives 1777 President government (x 2) Articles independent one

  9. A confederation is a group of individuals united together for a purpose.

  10. Hey, This is Great! What did people like about the Articles of Confederation?

  11. Hey, This is Great! • States get to keep their power and independence

  12. Hey, This is Great! • States get to keep their power and independence • No government telling the states what to do

  13. Hey, This is Great! • States get to keep their power and independence. • No government telling the states what to do. • Congress had the power to create a military to protect all the states.

  14. But Wait… What was wrong with the Articles of Confederation?

  15. But Wait… • Congress had no way to enforce its laws.

  16. But Wait… • Congress had no way to enforce its laws. • That meant states could ignore laws.

  17. But Wait… • Congress had no way to enforce its laws. • That meant states could ignore laws. • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes to pay for the military.

  18. But Wait… • Congress had no way to enforce its laws. • That meant states could ignore laws. • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes to pay for the military. • The Articles could only be changed if all states agreed.

  19. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False?

  20. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? 1. The Articles made a President in charge of the country.

  21. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F) • States would still be independent under the Articles.

  22. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F) • States would still be independent under the Articles. (T) • The Articles were easy to change.

  23. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F) • States would still be independent under the Articles. (T) • The Articles were easy to change. (F) • The more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress.

  24. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F) • States would still be independent under the Articles. (T) • The Articles were easy to change. (F) • The more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress. (F)

  25. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? 5. Congress did not have the power to collect taxes.

  26. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T) • Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow.

  27. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T) • Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow. (F) • The Articles of Confederation created the first American government.

  28. Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation True or False? • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T) • Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow. (F) • The Articles of Confederation created the first American government. (T)

  29. “This government is toosmall !”

  30. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were _________ between the _____________ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.

  31. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the _____________ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.

  32. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.

  33. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay ______ on goods that came from other __________.

  34. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay _taxes_ on goods that came from other __________.

  35. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay _taxes_ on goods that came from other __states__.

  36. States had different needs.

  37. States had different needs. • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.

  38. States had different needs. • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops. • States had different sizes.

  39. States had different needs. • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops. • States had different sizes. • Some states had many people and some states had few.

  40. States had different needs. • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops. • States had different sizes. • Some states had many people and some states had few. • People had different opinions.

  41. States had different needs. • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops. • States had different sizes. • Some states had many people and some states had few. • People had different opinions. • Some people feared a central government while others thought a central government was necessary.

  42. Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States True or false? 1. Everybody thought the central government should have more power.

  43. Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States True or false? • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F) • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence.

  44. Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States True or false? • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F) • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T) • Different states had different needs for government to meet.

  45. Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States True or false? • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F) • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T) • Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T) • The states all got along with each other.

  46. Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States True or false? • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F) • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T) • Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T) • The states all got along with each other. (F) • The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control between the states.

  47. Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States True or false? • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F) • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T) • Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T) • The states all got along with each other. (F) • The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control between the states. (F)

  48. Articles of Confederation New Idea Legislative branch only

  49. Articles of Confederation New Idea • Split power between: • Legislative • Executive • Judicial Legislative branch only

  50. VA v. NJ Populations in 1787 ~ 747,000 ~ 184,000