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Java Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Visual Editor in eclipse

Java Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Visual Editor in eclipse. CSI 1390 – Java Programming Instructor: Saeid Nourian snourian@site.uottawa.ca University of Ottawa Fall 2007. Outline. Installing VE Creating Visual Classes GUI Elements Hierarchy of GUI Element Layouts Properties

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Java Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Visual Editor in eclipse

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  1. Java Graphical User Interface (GUI)using Visual Editor in eclipse CSI 1390 – Java Programming Instructor: Saeid Nourian snourian@site.uottawa.ca University of Ottawa Fall 2007

  2. Outline • Installing VE • Creating Visual Classes • GUI Elements • Hierarchy of GUI Element • Layouts • Properties • Events • Main Method

  3. Download eclipse • Currently VE (VisualEditor) is not compatible with the latest version of eclipse. • To use VE, download older version of eclipse: • Eclipse 3.2 (Callisto) • http://www.eclipse.org/callisto/ • Once download, unzip it and start it by double-clicking on eclipse.exe

  4. Install VE (VisualEditor) plugin In order to visually create graphical user interface you need to install the VE plug-in. To install VE: 1) From Help menu of eclipse, click on: • Software Updates > Find and Install

  5. Install VE 2) Select “Search for new features to install” and click Next.

  6. Install VE 3) Select “Callisto Discover Site” and click Finish.

  7. Install VE 4) Select a site such as “Canada” when prompted and click Next.

  8. Install VE 5) Select “Visual Editor 1.2.1.v…”

  9. Install VE 6) Click on “Select Required” and click Next.

  10. Install VE 7) Accept the User Agreement and click Next. 8) Click Finish.

  11. Creating VE Projects • VE projects are no different that regular Java projects. Simply build a new Java Project. Later we will add Visual Classes to it.

  12. Adding VE Classes • Click on the drop-down arrow of C* icon and select “Visual Class”

  13. Visual Classes • When the dialog box for making new visual class opens you will have option of several styles: • Frame: This is the most common option, used for creating windows with minimize, maximize and close buttons. • Applet: This is used for creating a visual java class that can be embedded in a Webpage. • Panel: Each Frame is usually consisted of several panels. In order to build your customized panels and then re-use them select this option.

  14. GUI Elements • In order to add GUI elements, click on Palette and select any of the available GUI elements.

  15. Layouts • Java uses Layouts to organize the GUI elements in a Frame or Panel. • In order to disable the automatic Layout organization of GUI elements, you must set the Layout property of the Frame or Panel to “null”. Only then you can freely place GUI element anywhere you want.

  16. Properties • Each GUI element has some properties that can be changes. • As shown in previous example, a Panel has a “layout” property that can be set to null. • A TextBox has other properties such as: • Text • Foreground [Color] • Font • PreferedSize • etc.

  17. Hierarchy of GUI Elements • Click on “Java Beans” to see the Hierarchy of the current GUI elements in your form. • Some GUI elements such as the Frame and Panel (named jContentPane in this case) are capable of holding many GUI elements as their children.

  18. Events • When a GUI element interacts with human users, it generates “events” to let the program that the user did something. • For example, if we are interested to know if someone has clicked on the OK button, then we must create the “ActionPerformed” event listener.

  19. Events

  20. Events • This would generate the following code: • Replace it with: jButton.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() { publicvoid actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent e) { System.out.println("actionPerformed()"); } }); jButton.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() { publicvoid actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent e) { jTextField.setText("Hello. OK is now pressed"); } });

  21. main() method • Like other Java applications we did before, we need to have a main() method to start the program. • For GUI application, simple create a new instance of the GUI class and set its visiblity to true: publicstaticvoid main(String[] args) { MyFrame frame = new MyFrame(); frame.setVisible(true); }

  22. Summary • VE is an easy tool for creating GUI Forms. • VE automatically generates Java codes so that you don’t have to manually make them. • Add your own code in the Event parts of the generated to make the application work.

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