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Web Development Using ASP .NET

Welcome to week – 2-2 of…. Web Development Using ASP .NET. CA – 240 Kashif Jalal. Chapter Objectives. Visual Studio .NET User Interface. Integrated Development Environment (IDE) – shared development environment Document windows (Edit & view documents)

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Web Development Using ASP .NET

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  1. Welcome to week – 2-2 of… Web Development Using ASP .NET CA – 240 Kashif Jalal

  2. Chapter Objectives Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  3. Visual Studio .NET User Interface • Integrated Development Environment (IDE) – shared development environment • Document windows (Edit & view documents) • Resource Tools (Windows, Toolbox, Toolbars) • Main Window – create and view project files • Solution Explorer – manage project files and resources • Server Explorer window – access server public components, manage connections to databases Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  4. Visual Studio .NET IDE Layout Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  5. The Solution Explorer Window Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  6. ASP .NET Project Files • AssemblyInfo.vb: An assembly is the building block of an ASP.NET application. The AssemblyInfo.vb file contains information about the assembly, it's version number, dependencies, etc. • Global.asax:The Global.asax file, also known as the ASP.NET application file, is an optional file that contains code for responding to application-level events raised by ASP.NET or by HTTP modules. The Global.asax file resides in the root directory of an ASP.NET based application. • Style.css:The Style.css file is a cascading style sheet file that holds styles for the page. • Web.Config:The Web.Config file is an XML based file that contains configuration information for ASP.NET resources. This file contains information about how the server will handle your application. You can set options for security, permissions, tracing, etc in this file. • WebForm1.aspx, WebForm1.aspx.vb: The WebForm1.aspx file is the file with which you work. You design the interface for your application, write client-side scripts in this file. The WebForm1.aspx.vb file the code behind where you write all the logic for the application that is processed back on the server. Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  7. Visual Studio .NET User Interface (continued) • Resource Tools (continued) • Properties window – set properties for objects, controls, and classes • Document Tab – allows you to easily switch between open documents • Toolbox – contains commonly used controls • Task window – contains a to do list Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  8. Creating a Web Application • A solution may contain pointers to many projects • Solution files are stored in a folder in the Visual Studio Projects folder • Project name is the folder name • By default, project name is the solution name • Project files are stored in the same folder or with the Web site • Web Server name • localhost, the machine name, IP address or 127.0.0.1 • Default Web site is http://localhost/[ProjectName]/ such as http://localhost/Chapter2/ Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  9. Creating a Web Application (continued) • Create the Chapter2 project (Page 47) • Make sure to verify that Visual Basic Projects is selected in Project Types pane • Select the ASP.NET Web Application template • Name the solution & project Chapter2, so the location is http://localhost/Chapter2 • View the default files, the hidden files within the Solution Explorer window Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  10. The Start Page • Provides access to recently created applications and help resources • Some resources require access to the Internet • You can reopen solutions by clicking on the hyperlink on the Projects tab • Extensive documentation is provided on MSDN to customize the Start Page Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  11. Navigating the Windows • Window layout can be customized • Dockable – windows can be placed on top of each other • Hide – closes the window • Floating – drag and drop the window • Auto Hide – stores the window as a tab; the window comes out like a drawer when you click on the tab Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  12. The Solution Explorer Window • Contains folders, project files, and hidden files • Contains Reference folder – references for base class libraries and namespaces • Contains a bin directory – stores the compiled application • Compiled application is named after the project name with the file extension .dll • ProjectName.dll Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  13. The Solution Explorer Window (continued) • Working with the Solution Explorer (Page 49) • Create the images folder • Import the images from Chapter02Data folder • Add New Item – Web Form named home.aspx • Save the project Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  14. The Solution Explorer Window (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  15. The Toolbox • Commonly used controls • Organizes as tabs • HTML tab – HTML controls • Web Forms tab – ASP.NET Server controls • Can be hidden and can slide out like the other windows Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  16. Properties Window • Set the properties for objects, controls, and classes • Can set properties at design time or in the program code behind the page Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  17. Properties Window (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  18. HTML Controls • HTML is a markup language <hr noshade> • HTML standards set by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) • XHTML is current version (XML compliant) • Requires beginning and closing tags • If no closing tag, use < tag name /> <hr noshade /> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  19. HTML Controls (continued) • HTML Designer • Design view – agraphical user interface • HTML view – HTML code editor • MS_POSITIONING property of BODY tag • GridLayout – absolute position objects on the page • FlowLayout – position elements in top-down format • The targetSchema property – browser version • IntelliSense – tries to predict what you will type Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  20. Creating an HTML Page • Create the feedback.htm page (Page 53) • Add the new page • Set the page properties • Insert an image • Insert tags in code view, in Design view • Modify the position of elements • Insert tags in Design view using the Toolbox • Save and build the solution Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  21. Creating an HTML Page (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  22. IntelliSense Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  23. Previewing Your HTML Page • Preview the page in the external and internal browser • Note: If you preview the page by starting the application, the default page will appear in the browser. You can change the start page. Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  24. Previewing Your HTML Page (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  25. User Controls • Separate content and programming code that can be reused • Easier to maintain • Examples: • heading, footers, menus • lists of records returned from a database • commonly used forms • The User Control • compiled file ends in .ascx • first line identifies the file using the keyword Control • cannot have <html><head><body><form> tags Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  26. User Controls (continued) • Create the control (Ch2_Months.ascx) <%@ Control %> <select id=months> <option>January</option> <option>February</option> <option>March</option> <option>April</option> <option>May</option> <option>June</option> <option>July</option> <option>August</option> <option>September</option> <option>October</option> <option>November</option> <option>December</option> </select> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  27. User Controls (continued) • Registered with the Web page with @Register directive • TagPrefix is used to identify the User Control’s namespace • TagName is the name of the control <TagPrefix:TagName id = "TagID" runat = "server"/> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  28. User Controls (continued) • Register the control in the Web page <%@ Register TagPrefix="Months" TagName="ListMonths" src="Ch2_Months.ascx" %> • Insert the control anywhere in the page • can reuse any user control many times • must provide a unique ID <Months:ListMonths id = "ListMonths1" runat = "server"/> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  29. Creating and Registering a User Control • Create and Register a User Control (Page 60) • Create header.ascx • Insert an image • Add code to display a message and the date • date is an object • format date with ToShortDateString • Modify the home.aspx page in HTML code view • Register the User Control • Insert the User Control • Save, build, an preview the page Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  30. Creating and Registering a User Control (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  31. Creating Cascading Style Sheets • Store information on how to present the site • Separates content from presentation • W3C sets standards for CSS • Style Builder is graphical user interface to CSS Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  32. CSS Overview • A style rule is the information that is applied to a single HTML tag, or a group of tags • Name and value of the style is stored • Syntax for the rules vary • Inline rules apply to a single tag • Embedded rules apply to all elements within a single Web page • External rules apply to all elements within multiple Web pages Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  33. Inline Style Sheets • Placed inside the tag • Use the keyword style • Separate name and value pair with semicolon <tagname style= "property1:value1;property2:value2"> Content goes here </tagname> <H1 style= "color:green;">Welcome to Tara Store!</H1> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  34. Embedded Style Sheets • Placed in the heading section • Use the<style></style>tags • Separate name and value with = • Separate pairs with ; <HTML><HEAD><TITLE>Sample Embedded Style Sheet</TITLE> <STYLE> H1{ color=green; font-size=12; } </STYLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Tara Store!</H1> </BODY></HTML> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  35. External Style Sheets • <LINK>tag attaches the style sheet to the page • Rel – the file is a CSS • TYPE – the file is a text/css MIME type • No need for <style> tag, same format as embedded • HREF – the location of the file (relative or absolute URL) • Placed in the heading section <Link rel=stylesheet type="text/css" href="URL "> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  36. Comments Within Cascading Style Sheets • /* */can be added to embedded or external style sheets /* Styles.CSS Created By: Katie Kalata Date Created: 9/5/2005 This style sheet is used to format the main menu */ /* Corporate logo */ H1 {color:green} /* Red heading */ H2 {color:red} /* Blue heading */ H3 {color:blue} Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  37. Cascading Style Sheet Rules • Cascading style sheets can contain conflicting styles rules. • This rule puts the “cascading” in cascading style sheets, in general: • Inline takes precedence over Embedded • Embedded takes precedence over External Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  38. Classes • Class can be used to format a group of different tags or a subgroup of a specific tag • Prefix the name of the class with a period <HTML><HEAD><TITLE>Sample Embedded Style Sheet</TITLE> <STYLE> H1 {color:green} .SelCat {color:red} .BlueHead {color:blue} </STYLE> </HEAD> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  39. Classes (continued) • Apply the class with the keyword class <BODY> <h1>Welcome to Tara Store!</h1> <h2 class="BlueHead">Product Listing:</h2> <ul> <li>Gifts</li> <li class="SelCat">Jewelry</li> <li>China & Crystal</li> <li>Food</li> <li>Clothing</li> <li>Books, Music, & Videos</li> </ul> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  40. Classes (continued) • Both headings would appear in blue <h3 class="BlueHead">About Tara Store</h3> <ul> <li>What’s New</li> <li>Current Sales</li> <li>Location</li> <li>Contact Us</li> <li>Members Only</li> </ul> </BODY></HTML> Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  41. CSS Editor • CSS editor called the Style Builder • includes the IntelliSense feature • Color Picker • Web Colors tab - 216 colors supported by the majority of computers and browsers • Named Colors tab - the 16 Windows colors and the 122 other named colors • System Colors tab - select a color that matches the colors used to create system graphical user interfaces such as windows, menus, scrollbars, and buttons • Custom Color tab - three slider controls to select the red, green, and blue (RGB) values Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  42. Creating a Cascading Style Sheet • Modify the styles.css sheet (Page 68) • Modify the style properties and values • Edit the style sheet manually, use IntelliSense and use the Style Builder • Add style rules • Save the file • Link the file to the feedback.htm page • Preview the page in the browser Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  43. Creating a Cascading Style Sheet (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  44. Creating a Cascading Style Sheet (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  45. Creating a Cascading Style Sheet (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  46. Customizing the Toolbox • Customize the Toolbox (Page 74) • Create a new tab • Add a markup code fragment to tab and rename the control • Toolbox – add additional tabs to organize controls • Clipboard Ring - stores the list of items copied to the Clipboard • Clipboard – area in memory that Windows uses to copy information Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  47. Using Visual Studio .NET Help Resources • You can view the actual URL of the help files in the URL drop-down list box on the Web toolbar • Results in a ranked list • Double-click on the items in the list to view the documentation from within the user interface • Dynamic - help for the currently selected item • Search - a textbox to enter a search phrase • Index - a dictionary index that you can search for a term alphabetically • Contents - navigate the help documentation using a table of contents Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  48. Using Visual Studio .NET Help Resources (continued) Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  49. Summary • Visual Studio .NET IDE layout can be customized • Solution Explorer manages files and folders in one location • Properties window sets properties for objects • Toolbox organizes commonly used controls and can be customized • HTML editor is used to create HTML pages in Design View or Code View Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

  50. Summary (continued) • User Controls – Contain controls and programming code; must be registered in the ASP.NET page before they are used • Inline style sheets apply style rules to a single tag; embedded to a Web page; external to more than one page • Help is provided within Visual Studio .NET through Dynamic, Index, Search, and Contents windows Introduction to ASP.NET, Second Edition

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