LING 3P95 Topics in Discourse Analysis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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LING 3P95 Topics in Discourse Analysis

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  1. LING 3P95Topics in Discourse Analysis Unit 3: Discourse Structure - A Linguistic Approach: Acts

  2. 3.3.5 Act • smallest unit of analysis (in CA) • corresponds to clause or phrase in grammar • S&C (1975): 22 acts; reduced to 17 (Coulthard 1985) • elicitation, directive, informative, reply, comment, evaluation, etc. [SEMINAR] • For the test, you will need to know starter, elicitation, reply, bid, nomination, comment, evaluation, directive, react, appreciate, aside (pre-response comments);

  3. In-class exercise: Analyze the exchange structures (acts: el, bid, nom, rep, ev, acc, and s; moves: I R F; exchange): Teacher-elicit 1(el) 2 (bid) 3 (nom) 4(rep) 5(ev) I R F 1. T: Anyone think they know what it says? 1 P: (Hands raised) 2 T: Let's see what you think, Martin. 3 P: Heeroglyphs. 4 T: Yes, you're pronouncing it almost right. 5 2. T: Hands up. What’s that? 1 P: (Raised hands) 2 T: Janet. 3 P: A nail. 4 T: A nail, 5 well done, a nail. 6 3. T: Is “t” a vowel? 1 P: No. 2 T: No. 3 4. T: Those letters have special names. 1 Do you know what it is? 2 P: Vowels. 3 T: They're vowels, aren't they? 4 Do you think you could say that sentence without having the vowels in it? 5 1(el) 2 (bid) 3 (nom) 4(rep) 5(acc) 6(ev) I R F Teacher-elicit 1(el) 2(rep) 3(acc) I R F Teacher-elicit 1(s) 2(el) 3(rep) 4(ev) 5(el) I R F Teacher-elicit I

  4. Common Acts Used in Conversation Analysis (Birmingham)