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Handout 3-8

Handout 3-8

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Handout 3-8

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  1. Handout 3-8 Click on the god to the right

  2. Read each statement Choose the statement you believe to be correct Always click on the picture of a god in the lower right corner to continue. Good luck!

  3. Amen-RE Amen-Re was a combination of Amen, the sky god of Memphis and Re, the original moon god. Amen-Re was a combination Amen, the wind god of Thebes and Re, the original sun god. Amen-Re was a combination of Amen, the son of the pharaoh and Re, the original Nile god.

  4. Horus was a sky god and Thoth was the moon god. Try again.

  5. Amen-Re was a combination of Amen, the wind god of Thebes and Re, the original sun god. Re was the most important Egyptian god from the very beginning. As time went on, Thebes became the most important city in Egypt, and consequently, Amen became a most important god. Since they couldn’t have two #1 gods, the two were combined. Let’s find out some more.

  6. The son of the pharaoh was not believed to be a god and Hapi was the god of the Nile. Give it another shot.

  7. Amen-Re Amen-Re was the supreme creator who made both gods and mortals. He was also believed to be the father of every pharaoh. Amen-Re was usually shown as a mortal with a crown of two feathers. He could assume any shape he wanted, including other gods. Click Amen-Re to continue.

  8. Amen-Re One myth says men were created from his tears. One myth says men were created from powers he took from other gods. One myth says men were created from mud bricks by Amen-Re.

  9. You didn’t really think that was the correct answer, did you? The Egyptians did believe, however, that another god made people out of clay on a pottery wheel! One more try.

  10. One myth says men were created from his tears. Just wait until I tell you that story. Let’s find out about Anubis, shall we?

  11. Amen-Re was powerful, but he could not take the powers of other gods. Try again.

  12. The jackal headed god of funerals and mummification. The jackal headed god of vegetation and agriculture. The jackal headed god of architects and artists.

  13. Anubis was the jackal-headed god of funerals and mummification. The ancient Egyptians were used to seeing jackals (wild dogs) around the burial sites looking for a snack, so they came to associate them with funerals. That’s why Anubis has a jackal head. Click Anubis to learn more.

  14. Osiris was the god of vegetation and agriculture. It was said that Anubis performed his funeral.

  15. The name of the god of architects and artists was Ptah.

  16. The Egyptians believed Anubis protected the body of the deceased while it was being prepared for burial and continued to guard it in the tomb. As you may have read before, it was believed that Anubis performed the burial of Osiris. Although Anubis was not the god of healing, he was the keeper of poisons and medicines.

  17. The Egyptians believed Anubis monitored… the temples at the pyramid complex. the blood pressure of the priests during the mummification. the scale in the Hall of Maat.

  18. It was priests who monitored the temples at the pyramid complex. Click Anubis to try again.

  19. The ancient Egyptians had fairly extensive medical knowledge, but they could not monitor blood pressure.

  20. Absolutely! The Egyptians believed one’s ka had to go through a ceremony called the “Weighing of the Heart” as a final judgment to see if it would get into the afterlife. Anubis monitored the scale in the Hall of Maat.

  21. Meet Osiris As you may know, Osiris is the god of vegetation and agriculture. He is also the god of … the Nile River and the Red and Mediterranean Seas. death, rebirth and the Inundation. linen, natron and amulets.

  22. That is incorrect. Even though Osiris did have something to do with water, he was not the god of the Nile and the Red and Mediterranean Seas. (He’s not green because he’s seasick.) Dive right in and try again.

  23. Wonderful choice! Osiris was the god of death, rebirth and the Inundation. (The Inundation was sort of the yearly “rebirth” of Egypt. Also, green is the color of rebirth.) He also ruled the afterlife, judging all Egyptians after they died.

  24. That sounds more like Anubis Osiris was not the god of linen, natron and amulets. Those three things are used in mummification. Even though Osiris was the god of death and depicted as a mummy, Anubis was the god of mummification.

  25. Osiris as judge

  26. Osiris Osiris was shown as a mummy, usually with green skin, and wearing a feathered crown and holding a crook and flail. The crook shows he is like a good shepherd to his people. The flail, as a farming tool, shows he will provide for his people. As a whip, it shows he can be punishing to the enemies of Egypt or to lawbreakers. crook flail

  27. Isis Isis was the … wife of Seth and mother of Anubis wife of Thoth and mother of Nephthys wife of Osiris and mother of Horus

  28. Sorry. Nephthys was the wife of Seth and the mother of Anubis. Please try again.

  29. No. Hathor was the wife of Thoth and Nut was the mother of Nephthys.

  30. Great answer! Isis was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. Isis, my love! I love you, Mommy!

  31. More about Isis. Isis was a powerful magician who got her powers from Re. She was often shown on coffins with long wings spread to protect the deceased.

  32. The Egyptians believed Isis gave food to the deceased on their journey through the underworld. They also believed she created the first cobra, which she used to learn Re’s real name. Let’s learn about her son , Horus.

  33. Horus was the falcon-headed… sky god. desert god. creator god.

  34. Horus was the falcon-headed sky god. He was also the son of Osiris and Isis. The Egyptians believed the king to be Horus during his life on earth.

  35. Horus’ eyes represented the … kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt earth and sky sun and moon

  36. Seth was one of the gods associated with the desert. Try again.

  37. The creator god could be one of several gods, such as Amen-Re or Khnum, but not Horus.

  38. The eyes of Horus did not represent the kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt. Try again, please.

  39. Geb represented the earth and Nut was the sky.

  40. The two eyes of Horus represented the sun and the moon. Remember, he was a sky god.

  41. Thoth was a… sun god moon god war god

  42. The Egyptians had many sun gods, such as Sekhmet and Bastet, but Thoth was not one of them. Please try again.

  43. Thoth was one of the moon gods of Egypt. Nice work. Click the icon to continue.

  44. Thoth was not a war god. One of the Egyptian gods of war was Montu.

  45. More about Thoth Thoth was the keeper of time and inventor of writing. He was usually shown with the head of an ibis and holding writing materials. Click to find out more.

  46. Still more about Thoth! He was present at the _________________ during the final judgment. Weighing of the Heart Opening of the Mouth Mummification of the King

  47. You’re right! Thoth was present at the Weighing of the Heart ceremony during the final judgment. He was there to record the outcome of the ceremony.

  48. Negative. There were no gods present at the Opening of the Mouth, only priests and other mortals.

  49. Oops! There were no gods present at the mummification, only priests. Sometimes one of the priests wore an Anubis mask, but not Thoth.

  50. Final thoughts on Thoth. Thoth was a god of wisdom, so it was believed he was the keeper and recorder of all knowledge. He was also believed to have invented geometry, astronomy and medicine.