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Boundless Lecture Slides

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  1. Boundless Lecture Slides Available on the Boundless Teaching Platform Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  2. Using Boundless Presentations Boundless Teaching Platform Boundless empowers educators to engage their students with affordable, customizable textbooks and intuitive teaching tools. The free Boundless Teaching Platform gives educators the ability to customize textbooks in more than 20 subjects that align to hundreds of popular titles. Get started by using high quality Boundless books, or make switching to our platform easier by building from Boundless content pre-organized to match the assigned textbook. This platform gives educators the tools they need to assign readings and assessments, monitor student activity, and lead their classes with pre-made teaching resources. Get started now at: • The Appendix The appendix is for you to use to add depth and breadth to your lectures. You can simply drag and drop slides from the appendix into the main presentation to make for a richer lecture experience. http://boundless.com/teaching-platform • Free to edit, share, and copy Feel free to edit, share, and make as many copies of the Boundless presentations as you like. We encourage you to take these presentations and make them your own. If you have any questions or problems please email: educators@boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  3. About Boundless • Boundless is an innovative technology company making education more affordable and accessible for students everywhere. The company creates the world’s best open educational content in 20+ subjects that align to more than 1,000 popular college textbooks. Boundless integrates learning technology into all its premium books to help students study more efficiently at a fraction of the cost of traditional textbooks. The company also empowers educators to engage their students more effectively through customizable books and intuitive teaching tools as part of the Boundless Teaching Platform. More than 2 million learners access Boundless free and premium content each month across the company’s wide distribution platforms, including its website, iOS apps, Kindle books, and iBooks. To get started learning or teaching with Boundless, visit boundless.com. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  4. The Northern Renaissance The Northern Renaissance Painting in the Northern Renaissance Books of the Northern Renaissance Architecture of the Northern Renaissance ] Sculpture of the Northern Renaissance The Northern Renaissance Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  5. Textiles of the Northern Renaissance The Northern Renaissance(continued) ] The Northern Renaissance Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  6. The Northern Renaissance > The Northern Renaissance The Northern Renaissance • The Northern Renaissance • Impact of the Protestant Reformation • Antwerp: A Center of the Northern Renaissance Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/the-northern-renaissance-22/the-northern-renaissance-143/

  7. The Northern Renaissance > Painting in the Northern Renaissance Painting in the Northern Renaissance • Flemish Painting in the Northern Renaissance • Panel Painting in the Northern Renaissance • German Painting in the Northern Renaissance • Spanish Painting in the Northern Renaissance • English Painting in the Northern Renaissance Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/the-northern-renaissance-22/painting-in-the-northern-renaissance-898/

  8. The Northern Renaissance > Books of the Northern Renaissance Books of the Northern Renaissance • Illuminated Manuscripts • German Woodcuts • Block Books Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/the-northern-renaissance-22/books-of-the-northern-renaissance-899/

  9. The Northern Renaissance > Architecture of the Northern Renaissance Architecture of the Northern Renaissance • Chartreuse de Champmol • French Architecture in the Northern Renaissance • Spanish Architecture in the Northern Renaissance • English Architecture in the Northern Renaissance Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/the-northern-renaissance-22/architecture-of-the-northern-renaissance-144/

  10. The Northern Renaissance > Sculpture of the Northern Renaissance Sculpture of the Northern Renaissance • Wood Sculpture in the Northern Renaissance Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/the-northern-renaissance-22/sculpture-of-the-northern-renaissance-900/

  11. The Northern Renaissance > Textiles of the Northern Renaissance Textiles of the Northern Renaissance • Flemish Textiles of the Northern Renaissance Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/the-northern-renaissance-22/textiles-of-the-northern-renaissance-146/

  12. Appendix Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  13. The Northern Renaissance Key terms • Albrecht Dürer(1471–1528) A German painter, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist from Nuremberg, often regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance. • AntwerpA province of Flanders, Belgium. • Antwerp SchoolThe Antwerp School is a term for the artists active in Antwerp, first during the 16th century when the city was the economic center of the Low Countries, and then during the 17th century when it became the artistic stronghold of the Flemish Baroque under Peter Paul Rubens. • Carthusian monasteryThe building, or complex of buildings, comprising the domestic quarters and workplace(s) of monastics, whether monks or nuns, and whether living in community or alone (hermits). The monastery generally includes a place reserved for prayer, which may be a chapel, church or temple, and may also serve as an oratory. • cartoonA preparatory two-dimensional drawing of a finished artwork. • châteauFrench castle, fortress, manor house, or large country house. • Classical ornamentInfluenced by the Roman motif in style. • ElizabethanPertaining to the reign of first female monarch of England. • en plein airIn an outdoor setting, as opposed to in a studio or other interior location. • engravingThe practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface by cutting grooves into it. • FlandersA subnational state in the north of federal Belgium, the institutional merger of a territorial region and the Dutch language "community" that also has/shares some authority in the capital region Brussels. • HerrerianA 16th century Spanish style characterized by geometric rigor, clean volumes, the dominance of the wall over the span, and the almost total absence of decoration. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  14. The Northern Renaissance • Holy Roman EmperorA term used by historians to denote a medieval ruler who had also received the title "Emperor of the Romans" from the Pope. • iconoclasmThe belief in, participation in, or sanction of destroying religious icons and other symbols or monuments, usually with religious or political motives. • illuminated manuscriptA book in which the text is supplemented by the addition of decoration, such as decorated initials, borders (marginalia), and miniature illustrations. • illusionismThe realistic and precise representation of people, space, and objects. • intensityThe degree of depth, strength, or brilliance of a color or light. • jettyA building technique used in medieval timber-frame buildings in which an upper floor projects beyond the dimensions of the floor below. • limnerA painter who specializes in the production of portrait miniatures. • MannerismA style of art developed at the end of the High Renaissance, characterized by the deliberate distortion and exaggeration of perspective, especially the elongation of figures. • monochromaticBlack and white, or using one color. • Northern RenaissanceThe Northern Renaissance describes the Renaissance as it occurred in northern Europe. • orielA form of bay window that projects from the main wall of a building but does not reach to the ground. • patronAn influential, wealthy person who supports an artist, craftsman, scholar, or aristocrat. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  15. The Northern Renaissance • Perpendicular styleThe third historical division of English Gothic architecture, so called because of its emphasis on vertical lines. • perspectiveThe illusion of distance or depth on a two-dimensional surface. • Philip the GoodJuly 31, 1396–June 15, 1467. Philip was Duke of Burgundy from 1419 until his death. He was a member of a cadet line of the Valois dynasty (the then Royal family of France). During his reign Burgundy reached the height of its prosperity and prestige and became a leading center of the arts. • PigmentPowdered coloring material that forms the basis of painting, drawing, and printing media. • plateresquePertaining to an ornate style of architecture of 16th century Spain suggestive of silver plate. • polychromaticMulti-colored. • polychromaticMulti-colored. • polyptychAn artwork, usually a painting, consisting of four or more panels. • polyptychA work consisting of multiple painted or carved panels joined together, often with hinges. • Protestant ReformationThe 16th century schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other early Protestants; characterized by the objection to the doctrines, rituals, and ecclesiastical structure of the Roman Catholic Church and led to the creation of Protestant churches, which were outside of the control of the Vatican. • RomanistsA group of artists in the late 15th and early 16th century from the Netherlands who began to visit Italy and started to incorporate Renaissance influences in their work. • scriptoriaRooms set aside for the copying, writing, or illuminating of manuscripts and records, especially in monasteries. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  16. The Northern Renaissance • sfumatoIn painting, the application of subtle layers of translucent paint so that there is no visible transition between colors, tones, and often objects. • Simon MarmionBorn c. 1425 at Amiens, France, died 24 or 25 December 1489, Valenciennes. A French or Burgundian Early Netherlandish painter of panels and illuminated manuscripts. Marmion lived and worked in what is now France but for most of his lifetime was part of the Duchy of Burgundy in the Southern Netherlands. • slashingA decorative technique that involved making small cuts on the outer fabric of a garment in order to reveal the inner garment or lining. • tapestriesA form of textile art, traditionally woven on a vertical loom, however it can also be woven on a floor loom as well. It is composed of two sets of interlaced threads, those running parallel to the length (called the warp) and those parallel to the width (called the weft); the warp threads are set up under tension on a loom, and the weft thread is passed back and forth across part or all of the warps. • temperaA type of painting where color pigments are mixed with a binder, usually egg. Tempera can also refers to the finished work of art itself. • triptychA picture or series of pictures painted on three tablets connected by hinges. • Tudor archLow and wide with a pointed apex, much wider than its height and appearing to have been flattened under pressure. • TudorsA European royal house of Welsh origin that ruled the Kingdom of England and its realms, including the Lordship of Ireland (later the Kingdom of Ireland) from 1485 until 1603. • unicornA mythical beast traditionally represented as having the legs of a buck, the body of a horse, the tail of a lion, and a single spiral horn on its head; a symbol of virginity. • ValoisA cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, succeeding the House of Capet (or "Direct Capetians") as kings of France from 1328 to 1589. A cadet branch of the family reigned as dukes of Burgundy from 1363 to 1482. They were descendants of Charles of Valois, the fourth son of King Philip III. They based their claim on the Salic law, which excluded females (Joan II of Navarre) as well as male descendants through the distaff line (Edward III of England), from the succession to the French throne. • virtuosoA person (especially a musician) with masterly ability, technique, or personal style. • woodcutA print or a method of printmaking from an engraved block of wood. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  17. The Northern Renaissance • woodcutA method of relief printing in which the image is carved into the smooth side of a wooden block. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

  18. The Northern Renaissance The Adoration of the Kings by Jan Gossaert This painting captures the Antwerp Mannerist tradition of using religious themes, particularly the Adoration of the Magi, for inspiration. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Jan Gossaert 001."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jan_Gossaert_001.jpgView on Boundless.com

  19. The Northern Renaissance Hunting Trophies Jan Fyt, a member of the Antwerp School, was well known for the use of animal motifs in his paintings. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Jan Fyt 001."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jan_Fyt_001.jpgView on Boundless.com

  20. The Northern Renaissance The Descent from the Cross by Rogier van der Weyden Van der Weyden's most well-known painting is The Descent From the Cross, circa 1435. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."El Descendimiento, by Rogier van der Weyden, from Prado in Google Earth."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:El_Descendimiento,_by_Rogier_van_der_Weyden,_from_Prado_in_Google_Earth.jpgView on Boundless.com

  21. The Northern Renaissance The Merode Altarpiece attributed to Robert Campin The Merode Altarpiece is a triptych that features the Archangel Gabriel approaching Mary, who is reading in a well-decorated, typical middle class Flanders home. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Merodealtarpiece."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Merodealtarpiece.jpgView on Boundless.com

  22. The Northern Renaissance The Francis I wing of the Chateau de Blois The Château de Blois's spiral staircase is one of the great artistic achievements of the French Renaissance under Francis I. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia."France Loir-et-Cher Blois Chateau 05."GNU FDLhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:France_Loir-et-Cher_Blois_Chateau_05.jpgView on Boundless.com

  23. The Northern Renaissance Tomb of Lorenzvon Bibra by Tilman Riemenschneider Limewood. 1520–22. Würzburg Cathedral.Würzburg, Germany. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."167px-LorenzvBibrawholegrave.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3073618View on Boundless.com

  24. The Northern Renaissance Gothic Altar by Veit Stoss The altar at in Kraków was not completed until 1489, and was the largest triptych of its time. Like his other large works, it required a large workshop including specialized painters and gilders. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Gothic altar veit stoss bordercropped."CC BY-SAhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gothic_altar_veit_stoss_bordercropped.jpgView on Boundless.com

  25. The Northern Renaissance Tobias and the Angel by Veit Stoss Limewood. 1504–06. GermanischesNationalmuseum, Nuremberg. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."423px-GNM-Veit-Stoss-Raphael-Tobias.jpg."CC BY-SA 3.0https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15140669View on Boundless.com

  26. The Northern Renaissance Monastery of St. Lawrence, El Escorial,main façade The double temple façade contains engaged, as opposed to free-standing, columns in the Doric and Ionic orders. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."640px-Facade_monastery_San_Lorenzo_de_El_Escorial_Spain.jpg."CC0 1.0 Universalhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21879649View on Boundless.com

  27. The Northern Renaissance University of Salamanca façade The ornate façade of the University of Salamanca is a prime example of the Plateresque style. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."334px-University_of_Salamanca.jpg."CC BY-SA 3.0https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39607View on Boundless.com

  28. The Northern Renaissance King's College chapel, University of Cambridge The chapel at King's College of the University of Cambridge is one of the finest examples of late Gothic (Perpendicular) English architecture, while its early Renaissance rood screen (separating the nave and chancel), erected in 1532–36 in a striking contrast of style, shows the influence of architecture from the Italian peninsula. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."KingsCollegeChapel."GNU FDLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:KingsCollegeChapel.jpgView on Boundless.com

  29. The Northern Renaissance The second of the Unicorn Tapestries The second of the seven tapestries, often called The Unicorn is Found. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."The Hunt of the Unicorn Tapestry 1."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Hunt_of_the_Unicorn_Tapestry_1.jpgView on Boundless.com

  30. The Northern Renaissance The Triumph of Death (1510–20) The three Fates (Clotho, Lachesis, andAtropos), who spin, draw out, and cut the Thread of Life, representDeath, as they triumph over the fallen body of Chastity. This is thethird subject in Petrarch's poem "The Triumphs." First,Love triumphs, then Love is overcome by Chastity, Chastity by Death,Death by Fame, Fame by Time, and Time by Eternity. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."398px-Fates_tapestry.jpg."Public domainhttps://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2628868View on Boundless.com

  31. The Northern Renaissance Fortuna by Bernard van Orley. (c. 1520) From a nine-part set called TheHonors, woven in the workshop of Pieter van Aelst, Brussels. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."640px-Honors_Tapestry_Fortuna.png."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18495274View on Boundless.com

  32. The Northern Renaissance Matthias Grünewald, IsenheimAltarpiece (closed) Oil on panel (exterior). Wooden reliefsculptures (interior). 1512–16. Unterlinden Museum, Colmar, Alsace. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."640px-Grunewald_Isenheim1.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=128080View on Boundless.com

  33. The Northern Renaissance Albrecht Dürer, Adam and Eve Oil on panel. 1507. Twopanels, each 209 cm × 81 cm (82 in × 32 in)Museo del Prado, Madrid. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."382px-Albrecht_Dürer_-_Adam_and_Eve_(Prado)_2.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=150385View on Boundless.com

  34. The Northern Renaissance The Burial of the Count ofOrgaz by El Greco Now El Greco's best known work, thispainting illustrates a popular local legend. It is clearly dividedinto two zones: the heavenly above and the terrestrial below, broughttogether compositionally. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."392px-El_Greco_-_The_Burial_of_the_Count_of_Orgaz.jpeg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1170096View on Boundless.com

  35. The Northern Renaissance Portrait of a Man by El Greco, 1604 This is presumably a self-portrait by the great Spanish Mannerist. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."El Greco."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_GrecoView on Boundless.com

  36. The Northern Renaissance Adam and Eve, engraving by Albrecht Dürer. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Albrecht_D%C3%BCrer%2C_Adam_and_Eve%2C_1504%2C_Engraving.jpg."Public domainhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albrecht_D%C3%BCrerView on Boundless.com

  37. The Northern Renaissance Polychromatic page from the Apocalypse, c.1450–1500 Heavy areas of color and modeling, which obscure the outlines and contour lines, point to evidence of hand-coloring, as opposed to using a separate block for each color. The printed text is in Latin buthandwritten German translation sheets were inserted between the blockbook pages. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."359px-Apocalypse.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7751217View on Boundless.com

  38. The Northern Renaissance A Print from the Ars Moriendi The Ars Moriendi is the most renowned block book. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Ars.moriendi.pride.a."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ars.moriendi.pride.a.jpgView on Boundless.com

  39. The Northern Renaissance Woodblock Print from a Biblia Pauperum Three episodes from the block book Biblia Pauperum illustrating typological correspondences between the Old and New Testaments: Eve and the serpent, the Annunciation, and Gideon's miracle. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."BibliaPauperum."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BibliaPauperum.jpgView on Boundless.com

  40. The Northern Renaissance Pleurants (Mourners) Stone mourners at a tomb in Chartreuse de Champmol. Approximately 40 cm high. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Dijon-Palais-Gisant-Detail."GNU FDLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dijon-Palais-Gisant-Detail.jpgView on Boundless.com

  41. The Northern Renaissance Claes Sluter. Well of Moses The base of the Well of Mosesshows the prophets who foretold the coming of Christ. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."640px-Dijon_mosesbrunnen2.jpg."CC BY-SA 3.0https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=763389View on Boundless.com

  42. The Northern Renaissance Gilles Le Breton. Cour Ovale. Château of Fontainebleau. The Oval Courtyard, with the Medievaldonjon, a vestige of the original castle where the king'sapartments were located, in the center. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."640px-Chateau_de_Fontainebleau_Cour_ovale.jpg."CC BY 2.0https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11713096View on Boundless.com

  43. The Northern Renaissance Monasterio de Uclés, Cuenca, España The Monastery of Uclés is a prime example of Herrerian architecture. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Herrerian."GNU FDLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HerrerianView on Boundless.com

  44. The Northern Renaissance The Disrobing of Christ(El Espolio) by El Greco, 1577–79 Oil on canvas. Sacristy of theCathedral, Toledo.This is one of the most famousaltarpieces by El Greco. His altarpieces are renowned fortheir dynamic compositions and startling innovations. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."279px-El_Expolio,_por_El_Greco.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46661432View on Boundless.com

  45. The Northern Renaissance Luis de Morales, Madonna and Child Oil on canvas. 1586. Museo del Prado, Madrid. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."361px-Luis_de_Morales_001.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=155900View on Boundless.com

  46. The Northern Renaissance Bruegel's Peasant Wedding Bruegael's Peasant Wedding is a painting that captures the Protestant Reformation artistic tradition: focusing on scenes from modern life rather than religious or classical themes. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Pieter Bruegel d.Ä.011."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pieter_Bruegel_d._%C3%84._011.jpgView on Boundless.com

  47. The Northern Renaissance Danae by Jan Mabuse One of the most well-known Romanists was Jan Mabuse. The influence of Michelangelo and Raphael showed in the use of mythology and nudity in this particular piece. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia."Jan Gossaert 003."Public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jan_Gossaert_003.jpgView on Boundless.com

  48. The Northern Renaissance Katharine of Aragonwith a Monkey by Lucas Horenbout, 1525–26. Miniature. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."Horenbout_Catherine_of_Aragon_with_a_monkey.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2910125View on Boundless.com

  49. The Northern Renaissance Aerial view of El Escorial The compound of El Escorial contains features that conform to the austerity of Renaissance architecture throughout Europe while also anticipating the Baroque era. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."640px-Vista_aerea_del_Monasterio_de_El_Escorial.jpg."CC BY 2.0https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6581920View on Boundless.com

  50. The Northern Renaissance El Escorial, plan The gridiron design of the floor plan of El Escorial has a modular plan, as seen in medieval cathedrals, and geometric symmetry, as seen in classical architecture. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia Commons."471px-Escorial_traza_def.jpg."Public domainhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2945873View on Boundless.com