DEVELOPING A MULTI- AGENCY TABLETOP EXERCISE David Y. Whitaker Memphis Fire Department Memphis International Airport ARFF CHIEFS SCHOOL
Memphis International Airport FAR 139 Tabletop Exercise 2004
Administrative Issues Cell-phone, radio, and pager etiquette Laser pointers Breaks Restrooms Smoking areas Refreshments
Agenda 0800-0900 Opening Remarks Introductions Guest Speakers 0910-0930 Tabletop Introduction 0930-1130 Virtual Tabletop 1130-1200 Closing Remarks & Questions
Introductions: • Name • Title • Organization
Review of the AEP • Clarity of current plans, policies, and/or procedures. • Consistency of plans, policies, and/or procedures across agencies or jurisdictions. • Determining who has the authority to take a specific action (e.g., order an evacuation) or the procedure required to act.
Review of the AEP (cont.) • Adequacy of coordination or cooperation between agencies. • Sharing of information among agencies. • Ensuring that the AEP has been updated or new policies or procedures have been developed to address new issues.
Tabletop Introduction • Training-based tabletop which will include a review of current procedures. • Audience – Please follow along in the AEP. • More than one annex of the AEP may be used at any given time.
Tabletop Introduction (cont.) • Time shifting will be used. • Scenario information may be incomplete. • Debates will be held to a minimum. • Inter-agency coordination is strongly recommended.
Tabletop Introduction (cont.) • Laser pointers may been used when the left screen displays an overhead image. • Everyone may participate! • Questions?
Weather • Heavy rains in the past week. • Current conditions: Light thunderstorms with light to moderate rain. • Winds SW @ 15 knots gusting to 25. • Temperature: 45 degrees.
Friday, 5:20 PM • Evening bank of air carrier arrivals has just started. • Runways 18R and 18L are used for arrivals. • Runways 18C and 27 are being used for air cargo and military departures.
5:20 PM • There are already 3 international flights being processed in the FIS. • “Holiday weekend” • Homeland Security Advisory System: High Threat - “Level Orange”
Initial Notification 5:25 pm • French Air Flight #2004 was en-route from Paris (CDG) to Dallas –Forth Worth (DFW) when several passengers became combative with the flight attendants. The a/c was 40 miles north of MEM at 30,000 feet.
5:28 PM • The pilots are unable to contact any flight attendants and they are hearing lots of screaming from the main cabin to include several passengers shouting in a foreign language. • The only thing that is understood is several people screaming “AZF!”
French Air #2004 requested emergency landing from FAA ATC.Descends at 3000 feet and is cleared to land on Runway 18R.
Flight Info • French Air #2004 has 260 SOB’s (2 pilots, 8 flight attendants and 250 passengers) • French Air #2004 is an A340-200 with 2 hours fuel remaining. • French Air has an alliance with a local airline but there are no international gates available.
Combative Passengers • FAA / ATC • Airport Communications • Airport Police • Airport Operations • FBI • TSA • Airline
FAA Tower Controller attempts several times to contact French Air Flight #2004 but there is no response. • A/C continues on course to Runway 18R. • There is no change in transponder codes.
5:34pm • MFD (Station #40) first on scene at 5:34pm • Airport Ops on scene at 5:35pm • Airport Police and ARFF units on scene at 5:37pm No one is able to contact the pilots. Emergency slides have been deployed on the right side of the a/c. Egress is slow due to the winds and the evacuated passengers are very disoriented.
Hazards Construction Material – Aluminum, Titanium, Magnesium, Plastic, Rubber, Composites, ect. Biological – Body Parts, medical shipments, chemicals Haz-Mat – Jet Fuel, Dangerous Goods
Safety • Personal Protective Equipment; SCBA, Proximity, Chemical, or Structural Suits. • Personnel and Equipment Accountability; Report thru IMS, no freelancing. • Two-In / Two-Out; OSHA Requirement,
5:41 PM • Paramedics start triage. • EMT’s advise Mother will not leave Incident area. She is searching for her lost child.
Medical • 1st Ambulance M.C./Triage • 2nd Ambulance Triage • 3rd Ambulance Treatment • 4th Ambulance Transport • 5th Plus Transporting
METTAG • Priority I • Critical, in need of immediate care / transport • Priority II • Serious, but care and transport is delayed until AFTER all Priority I’s are transported.
METTAG (cont.) • Priority III • Emergency transportation is not necessary • Priority 0 • Move to morgue after all viable souls have been treated and transported.
Heliport • Level to within 10* • 300’ from Patient Location • Day 100’ x 100’ • Night 200’ x 200’ • One light on each corner and 5th in wind
6:02 PM • Medical advises Command that there are 170 casualties: • Priority 1 – 40 • Priority 2 – 60 • Priority 3 – 70
6:11 PM • 90 Fatalities: • 10 crew members • 71 passengers in the main cabin • 9 occupants of vehicles
6:15 PM • Thunderstorms have started. • Evacuation is complete. • All of the fires have been suppressed. • Airport Command Center is opened with minimal staffing.
Mass Casualty • Airport Communications • Airport Operations • Memphis Fire Department • Airport Police • EMA • Memphis Police • Mutual Aid - Law Enforcement • Mutual Aid - Fire Department
Mass Casualty (cont.) • Airline • FBI • Customs and Border Protection • Airport Maintenance • Media / Public Relations • Hospitals / Hospital Wing • American Red Cross • FAA / NTSB
6:03 PM • All of the major networks are at the corner of Shelby Drive and Airways Blvd and are requesting access to the scene. • Several news choppers are attempting to over fly the accident. • Local news media want a briefing on the cause of the accident.
6:05 PM • Approximately 1000 gallons of Jet A have leaked from the right wing onto Shelby Drive. • An unknown quantity of Jet A may have entered the storm water drains on Shelby Drive along with the rainwater.
6:08 PM • News media and concerned citizens have overwhelmed the Airport Communications Center phone lines rendering them unusable for outgoing calls. • Cell sites in the area have been overwhelmed by usage. Cellular phones become unusable on scene.
6:15 PM • Several clergyman are attempting to access the scene to provide “last rites” to the victims.
6:30 PM • Local Airline Management briefs the ACC that they are setting up a Family Assistance Center for French Air.
“Golden Hour” • Opportunity to minimize early and late deaths in the hour following the trauma by aggressive resuscitation and surgical intervention. • 5:32pm – 6:32 pm • 40 Priority 1’s triaged, transported and medical treatment started?
6:35 PM • Rescue workers are complaining of dehydration, hunger and a number of them are emotionally distraught. • Many of the walking wounded are emotionally distraught. Some of the walking wounded are delirious since they cannot locate family members.