Metropolitan areasWhy the creation of a metropolitan area is beneficial for all the parties involved? Marie ZEZŮLKOVÁ City Strategy Office City of Brno
OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION Metropolitan areas in France Metropolitan areas in Germany Agglomeration bonds of the city of Brno Areas of potential cooperation Support to metropolitan areas by the EU 1819 1918 1968 1992
METROPOLITAN AREAS IN FRANCE Firsturbanareaswerelegallyestablished in 1966 Initially, theobjectivewas to support cooperationamonglocalstakeholderswithinanagglomeration Threedifferentsizes
METROPOLITAN AREAS IN FRANCE 1995 - 2001 1966 - 1973 2008 Grand Lyon Lille Métropole communauté urbaine Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux Communauté urbaine de Strasbourg Brest métropole océane Le Mans Métropole Communauté urbaine Creusot-Montceau Communauté urbaine de Cherbourg Dunkerque grand littoral Marseille Provence Métropole Nantes Métropole Communauté urbaine du Grand Nancy Communauté urbaine d’Arras Communauté urbaine d’Alençon Grand Toulouse Nice Côte d’Azur Aglomerationsover 500,000 inhabitants
COMMUNITIES UNDER 50,000 INHABITANTS Cooperation mainly in urban planning and economic development
URBAN COMMUNITIES OVER 50,000 INHABITANTS Over 50 thous. inhabitants; 15 thous. in a core city Areas of cooperation: Strategic and urban planning Economic development Public transport Social balance in housing Common vision and priorities
AGGLOMERATIONS (OVER 500,000 INHABITANTS) Areas of cooperation: Strategic and urban planning Economic development Public transport Social balance in housing Common vision and priorities Technical infrastructure Parking Waste management Water management Waste-water disposal system Cemeteries Abbatoirs Fair grounds Three new powers since 2010 (marketing, competitiveness, transfer of authority, new opportunities in municipality merging)
GRAND LYON The Association was founded in 1989 4 departments in the region Rhone-Alps, 7 towns Management of agglomeration: commisioner and lord mayor (4 member administration) Budget of 683,800 Euro (2009) The regional management organize meetings of municipalities, provide for administration, experts on different issues; emphasis on JOINT problem solutions In 1994 a joint strategy of development was established Other responsibilities of the Association include initiations of projects defined by regional partners
GRAND LYON Ongoing projects: Public transport (multimodal transport information system, common ticket system) Economy (support to industrial zones, execution of economic indicators at the metropolitan level) Logistics (logistic development strategies) Tourism (finding new opportunities in tourism; focus on the 20th century architecture) The Association finaces project studies, leads assistant task forces, covers initial project costs, etc.
METROPOLITAN AREAS IN GERMANY 11 metropolitan areas Established gradually since 1995 The biggest agglomeration: Rhein – Ruhr (11.5 mil. inhabitants) The concept of “metropolitan region “ (Metropolregion) was legally defined in Germany as early as in 1995, i.e. 15 years ago. It denotes an area of about 7,000 km2 with approximately 10 million inhabitants.
ASSOCIATION OF MUNICIPALITIES STUTTGART Areas of cooperation Strategic and territorial planning Regional landscape plan Regional infrastructure planning Regional economic development Regional public transport Waste management Regional marketing of tourism Common cultural and sporting events, conferences and participation in important trade fairs
AGGLOMERATION BONDS OF THE CITY OF BRNO The study of agglomeration bonds of the city of Brno and vicinity Involvement in the project Urbact II – Theestablishementofpartnershipamongthemunicipalitiesofthe “Brno Agglomeration “ Strategiesforthe Brno Agglomeration?
POPULATION Brno population Numberofinhabitantsaccording to theCzechStatistical Office (CSU): 385,000 Numberofinhabitantsaccording to the Ministry oftheInterior: 405,000 Numberofinhabitantspresentdaily: ca 550,000!!! (dem. study) Numberofinhabitantsoftheagglomeration area The study of Brno agglomerationbonds: 507,088 The EU study beforelaunchingtheprojectJoiningForces: 733,000
WHY THE COOPERATION AMONG THE MUNICIPALITIES IN THE BRNO AGGLOMERATION IS NECESSARY? The Brno agglomeration is a residential and economic system consisting of Brno and several tens of municipalities in the vicinity. Everyday social, economic, transport and other processes and bonds transcede their administrative borders. This agglomeration is a functional complex with differenciated tasks and roles of different urban units.
FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS ENSUING FROM THE JOINING FORCES PROJECT, LOCAL ACTION PLAN The Strategy of Brno agglomeration development which will be beneficial for all the parties involved, will produce recommendations to cooperate in the following areas: Strategic and territorial planning Transport and mobility Labour market and knowledge-based economy Tourism and recreation Environment and technical infrastructure Social areas
FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS ON AREAS OF COOPERATION Strategic and territorial planning Common visions and priorities Public transport Transport constructions Joint marketing Maintenance of bicycle paths Other suggestions based on requirements and needs of communities
SUPPORT TO METROPOLITAN AREAS IN THE EU The importance of metropolitan areas is grounded in the Lisbon Strategy It is expected that the support to metropolitan areas will be included in the comming EU 2020 programming period. General directoriate for regional politics – Cities of Tomorow Solution of issues regarding the management of metropolitan areas (governance) from social, economic, environmental and territorial perspective Necessity of cooperation with all local stakeholders/partners Focus on uncontrolled expansion of towns
CURRENT ACTIVITIES Membership in the ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FORUM EUROCITIES WORKING GROUP METROPOLITAN AREAS Cities cooperating beyond their boundaries: evidence through experience in European cities Cooperation with the Union of Towns and Municipalities of the Czech Republic (SMO) (taking into account urban dimensions for 2014+)
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