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Mating seasons and Plant reproduction

Mating seasons and Plant reproduction

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Mating seasons and Plant reproduction

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  1. Mating seasons and Plant reproduction

  2. When does mating occur? • Usually mating occurs just prior to fertilisation – sperm does not survive for long • Females of some animals can store the sperm for later use – Queen Bee only mates once, and uses stored sperm to produce drones and workers

  3. Breeding seasons • Eggs and sperm available at the same time • Spawning season for spawners, mating season for internal fertilisers MATING SEASONS Numer of mating per 100 Months

  4. Oestrous cycle • In humans, known as the menstrual cycle • Mammalian females have a period of egg release

  5. Mate then die • Some animals only reproduce once in their life • Short-finned eel live for many years, but only make the reproductive migration once. Eggs are shed in water, and fertilised by male, then adults die • Chinook Salmon

  6. Activities Glossary: oestrous cycle, mating season, spawning season Quick Check pg 395

  7. Plant reproduction Remember:

  8. Ensuring pollen transfer Wind pollination • Plants that rely on wind pollination: • Have ugly flowers • Have a sticky or feathery stigma • Have stamens exposed to the wind

  9. Insect pollination • Blue or purple, as this is visible to insects • May be shaped with a landing platform • May have scent of food for insects (eg. Rotting meat for blowflies) • White or yellow dots that work as reflectors Insect must push through pollen to get to nectar Greenhood Orchids catch gnats, which can only escape by brushing past the anther

  10. Bird pollination • Red, orange or yellow – attracts birds • Usually unscented • Nectaries at base of flower Pollen falls on birds’ heads, and is taken to the next flower

  11. Moving plant offspring • Plant embryo is usually enclosed in a seed or fruit • May be moved away from parent plant via: • Sailing on the wind • Drifting on water currents • Hitchhiking ON animals • Hitchhiking IN animals

  12. Activities Glossary: wind pollination, insect pollination, bird pollination Quick Check pg 400 Biochallenge pg 401 Chapter Review Q 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12