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Literary Terms

Literary Terms. Ms. Wages 8 th Grade RELA. Do you know these terms?. Personification Irony Simile Metaphor Idiom Hyperbole Oxymoron Onomatopoeia Symbolism Imagery. Flashback Foreshadowing Allusion Alliteration Assonance Consonance. Personification.

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Literary Terms

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  1. Literary Terms Ms. Wages 8th Grade RELA

  2. Do you know these terms? • Personification • Irony • Simile • Metaphor • Idiom • Hyperbole • Oxymoron • Onomatopoeia • Symbolism • Imagery • Flashback • Foreshadowing • Allusion • Alliteration • Assonance • Consonance

  3. Personification • When human-like qualities are given to animals or inanimate objects. Ex. The trees whistled in the wind Ex. Spongebob

  4. Simile • A comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as. Ex. She was as quiet as a mouse. Ex. Her words were like music.

  5. Metaphor • A comparison of two unlike things without using like or as. Ex. He was a hard stone.

  6. Irony • A contrast between appearance and a reality that is the opposite of what is expected. Ex. The firehouse burns down • Situational irony—a contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually happens. • Dramatic irony—the reader or viewer knows something that a character does not know. • Verbal irony-when someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing a means another

  7. Idiom • An expression that has a meaning different from the meaning of its individual words. Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs. Ex. This is going to be a piece of cake.

  8. Oxymoron • When two words with opposite meanings are put together to make a phrase Ex. It’s pretty ugly. Ex. She ordered jumbo shrimp for dinner. Ex. The food I put in the freezer now has freezer burn.

  9. Hyperbole • An extreme exaggeration Ex. I’m so hungry I could eat a horse.

  10. Symbolism • When something stands for more than itself. • It could be an object, animal, person, or situation Ex. The dove and olive branch are symbols for peace.

  11. Onomatopoeia • When a word imitates a sound • Buzz • Zap • Meow

  12. Imagery • When the author’s words create a picture or image in the reader’s mind. Imagery usually appeals to the five senses: sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell Ex. She serves me prickly pear on a spiked cactus—Pat Mora, “Madre”

  13. Allusion • A reference to a famous person, place, event, or work of literature. Ex. When Ponyboy is talking about his homework, he alludes to the book, “Great Expectations,” by Charles Dickens.

  14. Foreshadowing • When a writer provides hints that suggest future events in a story. It creates suspense. Ex. in Star Wars, Episode 2 Obi Wan is quoted, “Why do I get the feeling you will be the death of me?" He is later killed by Anakin, whom he is speaking to in the quote.

  15. Flashback • An interruption of the action to present events that took place at an earlier time in the story. It provides information that help explain a character’s current situation. • Ex. In “The Outsiders,” S.E. Hinton uses flashback to reveal what happened to Johnny and how the others found him.

  16. Alliteration • The repetition of sounds • Assonance—the repetition of vowel sounds • Consonance—the repetition of consonant sounds Ex. Moses smelled roses (assonance) Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers (consonance)

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