Unit 3: Exploration & Colonization of Georgia Georgia Performance Standards: SS8H1b: Evaluate the impact of European contact on Native American culture; include Spanish missions along the barrier islands and the explorations of Hernando DeSoto.
The First FiveSeptember 11, 2014 Agenda Message: No homework tonight. Today’s Warm-up: Fill in the thought bubble below with words and/or pictures to show what you already think about when you think about Exploration.
Reasons for Exploration • The Renaissance, a “rebirth” and a time of new ideas in Europe, brought about changes in learning, religion, and trade. • It began in Italy in 1350.
Reasons for Exploration • Spices were in great demand by Europeans because: • Meat and fish spoiled too quickly, due to no refrigeration. • Spices such as salt, pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves helped to preserve food longer. • It flavored foods making them tastier.
Reasons for Exploration • Customers wanted exotic spices and fabrics from Asia, but transporting spices across great distances by land cost too much money. • Business owners wanted to make bigger profits = More money • Therefore, a shortcut was needed to get merchandise from Asia to Europe = Supply & Demand http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/FD1C8DC5-6157-4322-A45A-AB0F42ED4942
Reasons for Exploration • The 3 main reasons that kings and queens (monarchs) financed expeditions (trips) to the New World: • God: To spread Christianity to more people. • Gold: To find riches (Gold, silver, precious stones, & exotic trinkets). • Glory: To become historically famous and to add more territory to their kingdom. (http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=cd6df36d-b595-40f0-8064-d6c6b885a409)
Exit Slip • How did the Renaissance encourage exploration?
The First FiveSeptember 12, 2014 Agenda Message: Have a great weekend! Today’sWarm-up: What were the 3 main reasons for exploration to the New World (3Gs)? Explain each reason.
European Exploration • Spain, France, and England began to compete with each other to discover new sea routes. • Rule #1-If you controlled the seas, then you controlled trade with Asia= Power & Wealth
Spanish Conquistadors • Conquistador- A Spanish explorer and conqueror who sought to destroy and take over existing cultures in the Americas in the 1500s. • As they explored the Americas, they used guns and swords to defeat Native Americans. While the Native Americans used bows & arrows and stone tools. • Without knowing it, these explorers carried diseases with them (smallpox, malaria, and measles). • These diseases killed many of the natives in the Americas.
Christopher Columbus • August 1492-Italian Christopher Columbus and his group of ships (Santa Maria, Pinta, & Niña) left Spain to find spices and gold for King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella of Spain. • October 12, 1492- He found islands in the Caribbean (A.K.A. West Indies) and claimed them for Spain. • He brought back Native Americans (mistakenly calling them “Indians”). • He did not find much gold. • The King and Queen of Spain named him, Admiral of the Ocean Sea. http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/A46D3150-AE7F-409C-8AB8-5A4208B9B78C
The First FiveSeptember 15, 2014 Agenda Message: Answer 4 homework questions Today’s Warm-up: Interpret the meaning of this picture.
Tonight’s Homework Questions9/15/14 • How did the Renaissance contribute to exploration? • How did the Gulf Stream affect Spanish exploration? • What impact did Hernando DeSoto have on Native Americans in Georgia? • Why did early explorers want a water route to Asia?
Exploration by Spain • Due to Christopher Columbus’s success in the New World, Spain began to finance more voyages to the Americas. • Spain began to claim more territory and riches than England and France. • Juan Ponce de León was determined to find the “Fountain of Youth” in Florida (claimed for Spain). He came to Florida as early as 1513. • Ponce de León discovered a powerful ocean current called the Gulf Stream. • This ocean current flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along the eastern coast before turning east toward Europe…This helped explorers get back home to Europe quicker!
Exploration by Spain • Lucas Vásquez de Ayllóntried to create the first Spanish settlement along the east coast. • 1521-He settled in present day North Carolina and then moved on to South Carolina. • 1526-He started a colony named San Miguel de Gauldape off the coast of present day Georgia, but it lasted for only one year. • Many of the settlers and Lucas Vásquez de Ayllóndied at the San Miguel de Gauldapecolony.
Hernando DeSoto • 1540-Hernando De Soto and his army (about 600 men) were the 1st Europeans to enter what is now known as Georgia. • They were also the 1st Europeans to cross the Appalachian Mountains. • The Spaniards marched through Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina, but never found the gold they sought. • They brutally killed many Native Americans. • Four years later, De Soto died after sustaining injuries during battle and his men never found cities of gold. Half of his army died during the expedition. http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/1AEAD577-7019-4F3D-AD7E-C95E736184F8
3-2-1 Review • Identify and explain the meaning of each of the 3Gs. • Who were 2 Spanish conquistadors that discovered new land in North America? • Explain 1 way the Renaissance encouraged exploration and settlement in North America.
The First FiveSeptember 16, 2014Today’s Warm-up: Agenda Message: Answer 4 homework questions. • Why did Hernando De Soto explore Georgia in 1540? • He was attracted by rumors of large gold deposits. • He wanted to built forts and missions in the state. • He was searching for the “Fountain of Youth.” • He believed that he would find a water route to Asia. 2. How did De Soto’s march through Georgia change the lives and culture of Native Americans? • Converted Native Americans to Catholicism. • Introduce new foods to the Native Americans. • Resulted in the death of thousands of Native Americans through violence and disease. • Set up trading opportunities for Native Americans.
Tonight’s Homework Questions9/16/14 • What are the 3Gs of Exploration and what was the purpose for each “G”? • What was Hernando De Soto searching for in the southeastern area of North America? • De Soto’s army became famous for being the 1st Europeans to cross the _____________ in North America. • What was the purpose of Spanish missions?
Spanish Missions in Georgia • Spain built missions, churches, with small communities around them. • They were built along the Atlantic coast in an attempt to bring Christianity to the Indians. • Also, the missions helped to keep French explorers and army off the coast. • 1566-Pedro Menéndez de Avilésstarted a mission on St. Catherine’s Island called the Guale Mission. • Spain controlled the coast and southern part of Georgia for 100+ years with missions and military posts. • By 1700, Spain controlled much of the Americas (South America, Central America, and Mexico).
So…Whywere Spanish Missions created? • R – Religion – convert natives to the Catholic religion. • N – New language and customs - Teachnatives Spanish and how they should behave as new Catholics. • G – Give new jobs/roles - Make natives serve as workers (slaves/servants) and soldiers to serve and protect Spanish interests.
Whatdoes that spell? Well…kinda… W R O NG Your job is to evaluate what the Spanish did by setting up missions in Georgia and tell me whether or not you think it was “WRONG!”