Have you ever read a short story? What is a short story? What are the parts of a short story? If so, which one?
Short stories usually lack detail. • Short stories are brief. • Short stories use P.A.C.T.S . to establish the narrative. • P.A.C.T.S consists of the elements of a short story.
P.A.C.T.S • Short stories use P.A.C.T.S to build the narrative. • Although short stories may use all of the aspects of P.A.C.T.S, the author may choose to focus on any one of these elements: • Plot • Atmosphere • Character • Theme • Setting
Plot • The plot is essentially what the story is about. • A short story usually has one main plot. • This means that there is one conflict within the story.
Atmosphere • There is usually one overall feeling in a short story. • This feeling is the atmosphere.
Characters • There are usually only a few characters introduced in a short story. • In a short story the reader does not receive extensive information about the characters. The reader is only told what is important. • Protagonist- the main character in the story. • Antagonist- is the person or force that challenges or confronts the protagonist.
Theme • The theme is the meaning or message of a literary work. • The theme is a sentence that expresses an opinion.
Setting • The setting informs the reader of the time and place that the events of the literature take place.
Plot Graph What is a Plot Graph?
Plot Graph 3 4 5 6 2 1
The Plot Graph • The plot graph labels the parts of a short story with six aspects. • Introduction, Inciting Incident, rising action, climax, denouement, and resolution are all parts of a short story that are labelled on the plot graph.
1) Introduction • The beginning of the literature. • The introduction is exactly what the word implies, it introduces the characters, setting, and it may introduce the conflict.
2) Inciting Incident • Otherwise known as the causative incident. • This is the incident in the narrative that causes the conflict or action to occur.
3) Rising Action • The rising action builds the readers the suspense through a series of crises.
4) Climax • This is the part in the plot where the conflict escalates to the point of no return. • When the story reaches a climax the conflict can no longer evolve and will begin to resolve. • The climax is the turning point of the plot.
5) Denouement • Otherwise known as the falling action. • It is the part of the narrative when the conflict begins resolution.
6) Resolution • The resolution or the conclusion of the plot. • The conflict is resolved, ads loose odds and ends are tied.