Frederick Douglass By John Walker, Luke Lyons, Nico Nissink
Biography • Born in Feb. 1818 as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in Tuckahoe, Talbot County, Maryland • He was raised by his grandparents, his mom was Harriet Bailey, and his father was rumored to be his white master. Harriet Bailey was a slave, so Douglass was born into slavery.
Biography (cont.) • Frederick Douglass learned how to read and write, separating him from most slaves, and allowing him to think for himself. • He worked until he was 20, and then finally escaped from Baltimore by train and steamboat to New York • His goal in life was to promote anti-slavery and free the existing slaves
The Abolitionist Movement • In the mid- 1800’s, the abolitionist movement was a part of the Second Great Awakening and attempted to achieve immediate emancipation for all the slaves in North America and to end racism • Strongly supported by strong speakers that spoke from first hand accounts of slavery (hint hint) • It is debated whether the movement actually had any political effects but it strongly effected northern society, religion, and literature
Specific Contributions • Some of his contributions include his two literary works: My Bondage and my Freedom, and The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. Both of these autobiographies described his hardships as a slave and his path to success. • He worked as an abolitionist early in his freedom, and challenged the Jim Crow laws in the 1890’s even when he started to grow old. • He edited three very important black newspapers; The North Star, Frederick Douglass’s Paper, and The Douglass Monthly, all of which he edited for 16 years
Lasting Effects • He helped many slaves escape like he did • He showed the world the horrors of slavery from the eyes of one who experienced it • Served as an advisor to Abraham Lincoln which helped pave the way for blacks to be influential in society
Bibliography • "Biography of Frederick Douglass-Champion of Civil and Women's Rights." Frederick Douglass Speeches-Seminars on Race Relations and Gender Equity. Web. 11 Apr. 2010. <http://www.frederickdouglass.org/douglass_bio.html>. • "Abolitionist Movement." Information and Entertainment Center. Web. 11 Apr. 2010. <http://afgen.com/abmovement.html>. • PRIMARY "The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress." American Memory from the Library of Congress - Home Page. Web. 11 Apr. 2010. <http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/P?mfd:1:./temp/~ammem_T2ZZ::>. • PRIMARY "The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress." American Memory from the Library of Congress - Home Page. Web. 11 Apr. 2010. <http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/P?mfd:10:./temp/~ammem_7QFw::>.